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109 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
tonic
do
What is the inversion of a diminished interval?
augmented
vivace
quickly/lively
re
supertonic
What is the inversion of an augmented interval?
diminished
allegro
fast/cheerful
How large are voice ranges?
an octave plus a sixth
what are primary triads?
triads built upon the 1st, 4th and 5th degrees of the scale (tonic, subdominant, and dominant)
mi
mediant
What is timbre?
the color of the sound
allegretto
moderately fast/somewhat cheerful
ritenuto
abruptly slower, held back
how far apart are voice ranges?
start and end a fifth below the next higher range
what are secondary triads?
triads built upon the second, third, sixth, and seventh scale degrees (supertonic, mediant, submediant, and leadint tone/subtonic)
fa
subdominant
What is the overtone series?
do
do sol
do mi sol te
do re mi fi sol la te ti do
sol
dominant
What are the perfect consonances?
4th, 5th, octaves
etto
diminuative; lesser effect
How far away can soprano and alto parts be?
never greater than an octave
la
submediant
What are the imperfect consonances?
3rds, 6ths
moderato
moderate
ino
diminuitive; lesser effect
How far apart can alto and tenor voices be?
never greater than an octave
ti
leading tone
What intervals are dissonant?
2nds, 7ths, all augmented/diminished intervals
andantino
moderately slowly
issimo
intensifier; greater effect
How far apart can tenor and bass voice parts be?
all distances permitted
What is the British name for a double whole note?
breve
pp
pianissimo
adagio
rather slowly/at ease
ando
"ing" form of verb
What is close position?
the distance between soprano and tenor is less than an octave
What is the British name for a whole note?
semi-breve
pianissimo
very soft
lento
slowly
allegro risoluto
cheerful resolute
What is the British name for a half note?
minim
p
piano
largo
very slow/broad
allegro con brio
cheerful w/ liveliness
What are the 2 examples of voice crossings?
1. the alto/bass goes higher than the soprano/tenor or vice versa

2. any voice part may move TO the pitch but not BEYOND the pitch last presented by an adjacent voice part
What is the British name for a quarter note?
crotchet
piano
soft
assai
very
allegro agitato
cheerful agitated
What is open position
the distance between soprano and tenor is greater than an octave
What is the British name for an eighth note?
quaver
mp
mezzo piano
meno
less
What is the British name for a sixteenth note?
semiquaver
mezzo piano
moderately soft
molto
much
How many basic spacings are there for each chord?
six
What is the British name for a thirty-second note?
hemisemiquaver
mezzo forte
moderately loud
piu
more
andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza
moderately slowly and songlike, with some license
What is the British name for a sixty-fourth note?
hemidemisemiquaver
f
forte
poco
a little
alla turca
to the Turk
What are the 4 basic part writing rules?
1. common chord rule
2. similar motion rule
3. contrary motion rule
4. double common tone rule
What is another name for the beam of an eighth note?
beam/bar/ligature
forte
loud
non troppo
not too much
meno mosso
less moved
What kind of motion exsists between two melodies?
contrary
oblique
similar
parallel
What is it called when 2 notes are played at the same time?
harmonic interval
ff
fortissimo
mezzo
half
massig
moderate (german)
What is contrary motion?
both voices move in opposite directions
What is a tritone?
an augmented fourth (equals 3 whole steps)
fortissimo
very loud
accelerando
gradually faster
lento non ma troppo
slow but not too much
What is oblique motion?
only one voice moves
What are the types of minor scales?
natural
harmonic
melodic
crescendo
increase volume gradually
stringendo
gradually faster and more intense
soprano voice range
middle C to high A
What is similar motion?
voices move different-numbered intervals in teh same direction
What is the common chord rule?
when the root moves up or down a 4th or 5th, keep one of the upper 3 parts the same and move the other 2 stepwise in the same direction
What is the inversion of a perfect interval?
perfect
decrescendo
decrease volume gradually
allargando
gradually slower and broader
alto voice range
F below middle C to high D
What is parallel motion
the voices move the same-numbered interval in the same direction
What is the similar motion rule?
when the root moves up or down - two voices will move a third and the other voice will move a second
What is the inversion of a major interval?
minor
prestissimo
very quickly
rallentando
gradually slower and slower
tenor voice range
B to G above middle C
What is the rule about parallel motion?
you can NEVER use parallel perfect 5ths, 8ves, or unisons
What is the common chord rule?
when the root moves up or down a 4th or 5th, keep one of the upper 3 parts the same and move the other 2 stepwise in the same direction
What is the inversion of a minor interval?
major
presto
quickly (faster than allegro)
ritardando
gradually slower and slower
bass voice range
low E to middle C
What famous composer used tons of parallel 5ths and 8ves in his symphony?
richard strauss
When did the first staff appear?
the 9th centry
What was the staff like in the 9th century?
Only used spaces
What was the staff like in 980 AD
2 colored lines were used (yellow=C; red=F)
What was the staff like in 1000 AD?
Guido D'Arezzo introduce the 4 line staff
How many lines does the great staff have?
11 (w/ one omitted)
What are the essentials of the great staff?
1. brace
2. G clef
3. F clef