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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Leading American Song Composer of 19th century
Stephen Foster
Many of his songs were for minstrel shows
Stephen Foster
self-taught (as were many Romantics)
Stephen Foster
Made living as a songwriter
Stephen Foster
a parlor song
I Dream of Jeanie
compared with Schubert's "Heidenroslein"
I Dream of Jeanie
near absence of non-chord tones, few present have strong effect
I Dream of Jeanie
A natural musician: born improviser
Scott Joplin
played in saloons, brothels, but was a "cultivated musician," wanted in opera house and concert hall
Scott Joplin
Treemonisha: an opera
Scott Joplin
awarded Pullitzer prize posthumously
Scott Joplin
sold millions of copies of sheet music
Maple Leaf Rag
Maple Leaf Rag
8th note accompaniment, syncopated melody
Maple Leaf Rag
rhythmic idiom is African with other European elements
Maple Leaf Rag
the Boogie Woogie style
Meade "Lux" Lewis, "Honky Tonk Train"
emphasis on backbeat: emphasis on beats 2 and 4
Meade "Lux" Lewis, "Honky Tonk Train"
12 bar blues progression
Meade "Lux" Lewis, "Honky Tonk Train"
music about misfortune
Country music
fiddle & guitar (give artist & musician)
Patsy Montana, "I Want to be a Cowboy's Sweetheart"
Patsy Montana, "I Want to be a Cowboy's Sweetheart"
chromatically altered chords
Patsy Montana, "I Want to be a Cowboy's Sweetheart"
instrumentation contained fiddle, guitar, mandolin, banjo, bass in this type of music
regular performances on the Grand Ole Opry in this type of music
artist & song with virtuosic instrumental playing
Bill Monroe, "Why Did You Wander"
fast tempo in this song
"Why Did You Wander"
solo improv between sections in this song
"Why Did You Wander"
this song contained vocal harmonies (tenor)
"Why Did You Wander"
this song contains lots of repetition
"Why Did You Wander"
this type of music along with country were principle ingredients of rock and roll
Rhythm and Blues
This was a type of African American music
Rhythm and Blues
Small companies drove this type of musics development
Rhythm and Blues
What were the main differences bet. Big Mamma Thorton's "Hound Dog" and Elvis'
more relaxed tempo

stronger blues influence

suggestive lyrics
What were the main similarities bet. Big Mamma Thorton's "Hound Dog" and Elvis'
12 bar blues progression

versel chorus form: same music in verses and chords

composed by white songwriting team
This song was a cover of Bob Dylan
The Byrds, "Mr. Tambourine Man"
This song Beatle-ized Bob Dylan according to its composers
The Byrds, "Mr. Tambourine Man"
This song had elaborate orchestration
The Byrds, "Mr. Tambourine Man"
This song contains rich vocal harmonies
The Byrds, "Mr. Tambourine Man"
Manipulation of allusions is a principal characteristic of much 20th century "art music"
The Beatles
This artist showed soul happening in African American music
Marvin Gaye, "I heard it through the Grapevine"
This songs musical style had sophisticated orchestration
"I heard it through the Grapevine"
This song contains rich harmony (background vocals)
"I heard it through the Grapevine"
This song has emotional sincerity
"I heard it through the Grapevine"
This song has a strong connection to the blues
"I heard it through the Grapevine"
This composer was a trouble virtuoso (like Beethoven and Paganini)
Stevie Ray Vaughn
This refers to a male singer with his own guitar accompaniment
Delta Blues Tradition (Stevie Ray Vaughn)
Delta Blues Tradition has what effect by the guitar and accompaniment being from the same source
call and response (Stevie Ray Vaughn)
This composer shows a Jazz/Rock fusion
Blood, Sweat, and Tears, "Spinning Wheel"
What were 3 Jazz components of Blood, Sweat, and Tears' "Spinning Wheel"
complex arrangement, brass improvisation


trumpet solo in clear jazz style
What were 2 Rock components of Blood, Sweat, and Tears' "Spinning Wheel"
single vocal melody

minimum improvisation
This type of music refers to "musical" = "musical comedy"
This era of music is like an opera buffa in that its not all comic
Most Broadway shows deal with what?
social issues / social injustice
What was the 1st great Broadway musical?
Kern and Hammerstein's "Show Boat"
What were the main problems that were contrasted by human and there problems and nature in Kern and Hammerstein's "Show Boat?"
physical and psychological abuse

addiction to gambling


non-bluesy orchestration is seen in which song from "Show Boat?"
"Can't Help Lovin Dat Man O Mine"
a blues inflected vocal line is seen in which song of "Show Boat?"
"Can't Help Lovin Dat Man O Mine"
What of Julie's is expressed in "Show Boat"'s "Can't Help Lovin Dat Man O Mine?"
Julie's racially diverse background
what song has AABA song form?
"Ol Man River"
what song features musical lignity: low notes, slow tempo?
"Ol Man River"
What song is sung by Joe, a black ferry loader and unloader
"Ol Man River" (from "Show Boat" Broadway)
whcih song in "Show Boat" has a folksy pentatonic tune
"Ol Man River"
Rodgers and Hammerstein's "Oklahoma" is what kind of story?
wholesome traditional love story
Who composed the broadway "Oklahoma"
Rodgers and Hammerstein
what is "Oklahoma" about?
a wholesome traditional love story
name two characteristics of Ado Annie's "I'm Just a Girl Who Can't Say No"
simple innocent melodic line is ironic

chromatic intensification - like Mozart's "Figaro"
in what song is the 1st verse about technology and the second about other things
Will in "Kansas City"
name a feature of "Pore Jud is Dead"
somber, chordal, churchlike texture in honor of deceased
name three features in "People Will Say We're In Love"
legato, lyrical melodic line

"tendency tones" are highlighted

sweet chromaticism
who composed "West Side Story"
Bernstein and Sondheim
who was one of the greatest American musicians?
Leonard Bernstein
what was the cultural conflict in "West Side Story?"
Puerto Ricans vs. white Americans
What was the musical conflict in "West Side Story?"
the tritone
"West Side Story" features this dissonant interval known in Middle Ages as "the devil in music"
Bernstein used the tritone to suggest two things, what were they?
conflict and yearning
"Tonight" is in what broadway?
"West Side Story"
how is conflict suggested in "West Side Story"
through non-imitative polyphony
19th century opera composer?
Richard Wagner
what were some of Wagner's problems?
colossal ego, moral depravity in Anti-Semitism
who had a method of integrating music and drama which became a standard approach for film composers?
Richard Wagner
What were Gesumtkunsktwerks and what are they also known as?
what Wagner called his operas, synonym = music drama
which compposer had orchestral music being more impportant than vocal lines?
Richard Wagner
how did Wagner show orchestral music was more important than vocal lines?
through Sprechgesang (speech song)
Richard Wagner's orchestras present symphonic arrangements of what that help listeners follow music
Name a performance of 4 operas in 4 nights
The Ring of Nibelung
what was the socialpolitical message of The Ring of Nibelung?
ring giving power to one drives everyone crazy
What is Bayreuth
location of Wagner's theatre and works
who was trained in 19th century symphonic Romanticism?
John Williams
name 2 composers influenced by Wagner?
John Williams, Bernard Herrmann
who employed the complex use of leitmotives?
John Williams in Star Wars "Main Theme"
what 2 features displayed musical heroism in Star Wars "Main Theme?"
rising, disjunct line

prominent horns
Darth Vader's Theme had what three features?
disjunct line focusing on descending leaps

sinister minor mode

emphasis on 6th scale degree
who wrote "Psycho"
Bernard Herrmann
name three features of Psycho
extreme dissonance

shrill string timbre

strong, regular accents (plunging knife)