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58 Cards in this Set

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is less serious, much more entertaining. A single line with accompaniment
melodic idea used as a basic building block in the construction of a composition.
Thematic Development
Musical expansion of a theme by varying its melodic outline, harmony, or rhythm
short melodic or rhythmic idea the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic - harmonic rythmic unit
a short melodic, rythmic, or harmonic pattern that is repeated throughout a work or a section of one
restatement of an idea or motive at a different pitch level
absolute music
music that has no literary dramatic, or pictorial program (no theme)
sonata-allegro form
the opening movement of the multimovement cycle, consisting of themes that are stated in the 1st section (exposition), developed in the 2nd section and restated in the 3rd section (recapitulation).
opening section. In the fugue, the 1st section is which voices enter in turn with the subject. Establishes key
structural reshaping of thematic material. Second section of sonota-allegro form; it moves through a series of foreign keys while themes from the exposition are manipulated
third section of sonata-allegro form in which the thematic material of the exposition is restarted, generally in the tonic (key)
the last part of a piece, usually added to a standard form to bring it ot a close.
theme and variations
compositional procedure in which a theme is stated and then altered in successive statements; occurs as a independant piece or as a movement of a multimovement cycle.
minuet and trio
an a-b-a form (a=minuet b-trio) in a moderate triple meter; often the 3rd movement of the Classical multimovement cycle.
rondo episode
musical form in which the 1st section recurs usually in the tonic. In the Classical multimovement cycle, it appears as the last movement in various form
melody of harmony built form the seven tones of a major or minor scale. A diatonic scale encompasses patern of seven whole tones and semitones
chamber music
ensamble music for up to about 10 players, with one player to each voice
the structure of the music - how pieces are put together
opera buffa ( italian )
italian comic opera, sung throughout
opera sera
tragic italian opera
comic German drama with spoken dialogue; the immediate predecessor of Romatic German opera
rocket theme
quickly ascending rythmic melody used in Classical era instrumental music; the technique is credited to composers in Mannheim Germany
italian opera overture
Baroque overture consisting of three sections; fast-slow-fast
Ode to Joy (Ode)
Secular composition written for a royal occassion, especially popular in England.
scherzo (Beethoven)
composition in A-B-A form, usually in triple meter; replaced the minuet and trio in the 19th Century
cyclical form
structure in which musical material, such as a theme, presented in one movement returns in a later movement
virtuosic solo passage in the manner of an improvision, performed near the end of an aria or amovement of a conerto
double exposition
in the concerto, twofold statment of the themes, once by the orchestra and once by the soloist
ballad opera
English comic opera,
usually featurning spoken dialogue alternating with songs set to popular music; also called dialogue opera
opera comique (french)
french comic opera, with some spoken dialogue
requiem mass
roman catholic mass for the dead
Joseph Hayden worked under the patronage of the Esterhazy court
performing group of diverse instruments in various cultures
songful, in a singing style
sad, weeping
con amore
with love, tenderly
symphonic poem
one movement orchestral form that develops a poetic idea, suggest a scene, or creates a mood, generally associated with the Romantic era.

(also tone poem)
lied or leider (german)
german of "song"; most commonly associated with the solo art song of the 19th century, usually accm. by piano
song structure in which the same music is represented with every stanza (strophe) of the poem
modified strophic form
song structure that combines elements of strophic and through composed forms;
a variation of strophic form in which a section might have new key, rythm, or varied melodic pattern
through composed
song cycle
group of songs, usually Lieder, that are unfied musically or through their texts
tempo rubato
"borrowed time" common in romantic music, in which the performer hesitates here or hurries forward there, imparting flexibility to the written note values.
program music
instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial assc. expecially popular in the 19th century
incidnetal music
music written to accompany dramatic works
absolute music
music that has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial program
program symphony
multimovement progrmmatic orchestral work, 19th century
Idee fixe
"fixed idea"; term coined by Berlioz for a recurring musical idea that links different movements of a work
grand opera
style of romantic opera developed in Paris, focusing on serious, historical plots with hugh choruses, crowd scens, elaborate dance scenes, ornate costumes, and spectacular scenery
opera comique ( french )
french comic opera, with some spoken dialogue
lyric opera
hybrid from combing elements of grand opera and opera comique and featuring appealing melodies and romantic drama
music drama (Wagner)
Wagner's term for his opera's
whole tone scale
used by Puccini
pentatonic scale
used by Puccini
Dvorak (composer)
Nationalist composer
folk songs
Mendelssohn (composer)
programmed Bach's music
set up a publication for music critism