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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Ethnomusicology
scientific study of music
Johan and Alan Lomax
father and son who did field recordings in the south
Field recordings
coarse, unpracticed, genuine, unprofessional
Call and response
a leader sings a line and everyone else responds
ragtime
type of syncopated march that was a precursor to jazz 1890's
Scott Joplin
biggest writer of ragtime
Gospel
music that helped to contribute to jazz, relgious
Dixieland jazz
early jazz, New Orleands, march oriented
12 bar blues
AAB lyrical pattern
Lead sheet notation
looks like sheet music but can be improvised upon
Fake book
collection of jazz standards and notations, skeletons of music, illegal
Kora
big stringed instrument, bridge harp of Aftrican tribe of Mande played by the Jali,
Mbira
thumb piano, lower notes in the middle, higher notes on the outside
Marimba
looks like a xylophone, played with softer mallets
Highlife
style of Afro pop with a Latin feel, sax and bass, simple, laid back
Juju
same concept as palm wine, except electrified and lots of drums
Palm wine
interlocking hockets played on acoustic guitar
King Sunny Ade
famous juju player
Ladysmith Black Mambazo
singing group from South Africa in 1980's that spread Afro-pop in the U.S, associated with Paul Simon
Ostinato
short bass line that repeates
Hocket
same thing as interlocking rhythm except with melodies
Interlocking rhythms
many small rhythms put together to make much more complex rhythm
Jali
oral historian, social critic of Mande tribe
BaAka
tribe in South Africa known as pigmes, no social structure, music is vocal
Mande
tribe in West Africa, 2 classes for socail structure, working class and professional class
Ewe
interlocking rhythms, call and response, mucis of drum ensembles, Mostly in Ghana, call and response
Water Drums
clay pot half filled with H20, used during Peyote ceremony, intense sound
The rise
change in intensity or notes used in Califonia Yuman tride
Voacables
nonsense syllables sung in songs
49 songs
informal, sung at pow wows, include English words
Incomplete repetition
certain things repeat in the song, but they are not repeated in exactly the same way throughout the song.
Powwow
tribes come together to have sing, music competitions, and celebrate
Peyote Ceremony
ceremony that takes course over an entire night, put together by the Native American Church
Native American Church
performs Peyote Ceremony
Ghost Dance
thought messiah would come to restore things to the way they were before the white man, combines Christianity
Enemyway ceremony
healing for when someone returns from war; 3 days; participants divided into 2 camps
Nightway ceremony
physical or emotional healing ceremeony
He-ne-yo-we
used many times in water drum music, similiar to amen
Waila
chicken scratch, sounds like Mexico music
California-Yuman
low for a long time followed by a rise; relaxed
Plains
starts high then goes low; singing competiitions at powwows
Great Basin
uses short phrases AABBCCDD exactly repeated
Nortwest Coast
flute; harmony; choral singing
Athabascan
sung on the beat; nasal
Eastern
call and response
Pipa
a lute, stringed instrument w/ a neck; 4 strings
Qin
7 strings, scholarly music, educated class
Erhu
sounds like a violin, 2 strings, sound box is small
Xiao
an end blown bamboo flute
Pentatonic scale
a collection of pitches using just the black notes on the piano
Songs for the masses
songs that promote a political agenda for the Communist party, Mao
Jiangnan sizhu
teahouse music in Beijing
Programmatic music
trying to tell a story (swan song)
Heterophony
instruments are playing the same basic music melody but decorating it in different ways
Cui Jian
rock star; Bob Dylan of China; criticized govn't and people
Tuvan throat singing
manipulating throat to hear only overtones
Koto
like qin, long board w/ strings across it, each string is plucked by a bridge
Shamisen
3 strings, sounds like a banjo, big triangular pick
Biwa
pear shaped lute, couse to pipa
Shakuhachi
flute, meditation, breath control
Hichiriki
double reed, loud, nasal sound
Sho
free-reed mouth organ, Japan, plays high shimmering notes
Kabuki
type of Japanese drama that developed in 19th century; colorful costumes, painted faces
Noh
old, traditional theater, very slow
Bunraku
puppet theater, humor in plot
Butoh
in rxn to bomb; slow; grotesque;
Gagaku
world's oldest orchestra music; 2 types Kangen, bugaku
Shinto
a religion, worships animals
Jo-ha-kyu
beginning,middle, end
Mikagura
ritual music for Shinto ceremony
Matsuri-bayashi
Shinto ceremonial music
Minyo
generic name for folk music in Japan
Yo-pentatonic
black notes on piano, used in Minyo musci
In-pentatonic
first black note , then half note, used in koto