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81 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who wrote "American Salute"?
Morton Gould (1913-1996)
What year was "American Salute" written?
1947 - when soldiers had recently returned from World War II
What form is "American Salute"?
It is variations on a theme (the familiar song 'When Johnny Comes Marching Home')
What was Gould in demand for?
For arranging American songs for radio broadcasts of orchestral music
Which composers published a piano piece called "Just Six" at the age of six?
Morton Gould
Which composer was the first sstarr pianist at Radio City Music Hall in the 1920's?
Morton Gould
Where was Morton Gould born?
Richmond Hill, New York
Which composer wone the Pulitzer Prize in 1995 for his final composition "Stringmusic"?
Morton Gould
What does "pianissimo" (pp) mean?
Dynamic marking for very soft
What does "piano" (p) mean?
Dynamic marking for soft
What does "forte" (f) mean?
Dynamic marking for loud
What does fortissimo (ff)mean?
Dynamic marking for very loud
What does "mute" mean?
a plastic, wood, or metal device placed in the bell of a brass instrument to damen the tone quality
What does "theme and variation" mean?
a form in which a theme is presented, then altered in two or more different ways
Who wrote "Abelazar: Rondeau"?
Henry Purcell (1659-1695)
What selection was written as an instrumental accompaniment to a play written by female playwright, Aphra Behn?
Abelazar: Rondeau
What is the form of "Abelazar: Rondeau"?
A rondo (ABACA)
Which composer sang in the Chapel Royal choir as a boy, played organ at Westminster Abbey, worte operas and songs for theater and stage productions, and was buried in Westminster Abbey?
Henry Purcell
Which selection was used by composer Benjamin Britten for his 20th century composition "The Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra"?
"Abdelazar: Rondeau" by Purcell
What does "3/2" mean?
a triple meter signature indicating three beats to a measure, and that a half note gets one beat
What does "crescendo" (<) mean?
cynamic term and symbol for getting gradualy louder
What does "section" mean?
a part of something, in this case, part of a musical composition
What does "triple meter" mean?
music in which beats are organized in groups of three
Who wrote Requiem: "Pie Jesu"?
Gabriel Faure (1845-1924)
What language is Requiem: "Pie Jesu" written in?
What does "requiem" mean?
a special selection usually written for a funeral or memorial service
Which selection is written for solo soprano accompanied by string section and organ?
Requieum: "Pie Jesu"
Where was Gabriel Faure from?
What famous traditional French composer did Faure study with and what later French composer did he influence?
studied with Saint-Saens

influenced Ravel
What is unusual about Requiem: "Pie Jesu"
Unlike other requiems, it is not mournful, but is gentle, elegant and full of hope
Was Requiem:"Pie Jesu" written in honor of anyone's death?
No - written "for the pleasure of it" - but may have been influenced by the death of Faure's parents
Was Faure's work immediately accepted by the traditional French music world?
No, it was many years before this happened
What major artistic movement is thought to be have been inspired by Faure's music?
What do the Latin words to Requiem:"Pie Jesu" mean in English? (general idea)
Merciful Lord Jesus, Grant them rest, rest everlasting
What does "adagio" mean?
tempo marking for very slow
what does "decrescendo" (>) mean?
dynamic marking for gradually getting softer
what does "dolce e tranquillo" mean?
sweet and tranquil
what does "soprano" mean?
woman's high voice
Who composed Pinnes of Rome:"Pini di Villa Borghese"?
Ottorini Respighi (1879-1936)
Where was Respighi from?
Which selection is a tone poem about children playing in the park?
Pines of Rome:"Pini di Villa Borghese" by Respighi
Which composer is best know for his colorful impressionistic tone poem?
Ottorino Respighi
Which composers style and technique are borrowed by film composers today ("through-composed" narrative to paint a sound story)
Ottorino Respighi
Which composer studied with composers like Rimsky-Korsakov to develop brilliant orchestration techniques?
Ottorino Respighi
What is "impressionism"
a movement toward the end of the Romantic period in which musicians and artists strove to create works that gave an impression of a scene, a mood, or an event instead of a realistic duplication of it
What is a "poem"?
a verbal composition designed to convey experiences, ideas, or emotions in a vivid and imaginative way, characterized by the use of language chosen for its sound and by the use of literary techniques such as meter, metaphor, and rhyme
What does "through composed" mean?
a compositional style that has no traditional formal structure, , having no repeated sections, but rather a sequence of themes that give a series of impressions or moods from beginning to end
What is a "tone poem"?
a piece of music, most popular in the late 19th century, that is based on a non-musical theme, such as a story or nationalistic ideal, and usually consists of a single extended movement for a symphony orchestra. Also known as a Symphonic Poem.
Who wrote Carnival of the Animals: "the Swan"?
Camille Saint-Saens
Which selection was written for two pianos/four hands and is not written for children to perform, despite its title?
Children's Games Suite: "Galop (The Ball)"
Which selection was written in 1886 in Austria asa joke for a Mardi Gras concert?
Cartnival of the Animals:"The Swan"
Which selection originally included a glass harmonica as one of the instruments, but is usually performed with a glockenspiel in today's performances?
Cartnival of the Animals:"The Swan"
Which selection is considered by many to be the best known cello piece ever written?
Cartnival of the Animals:"The Swan" --- features two pianos and solo cello
Which composer was from France and was said to have been able to play all the difficult Beethoven piano sonatas from memory when he was ten?
Camille Saint-Saens
In which piece do two pianos create the image of rippling water while a cello creates a serene, swimming swan?
Cartnival of the Animals:"The Swan"
Which composer makes fun of other famous melodies including their own Danse Macabre in their selection?
Camille Saint-Saens
What does "legato" mean?
performance without any perceiptible interruption between the notes
Who composed Children's Games Suite: Galop (The Ball)"?
Georges Bizet (1838-1875)
Where was Saint-Saens from?
Where was Bizet from?
Which composerentered the Paris Conservatory at the age of 9?
For which composer is the initial failure of his masterpiece, the opera Carmen, thought to have hastened his death at a young age?
What does "D.C. al coda" mean?
to return to the beginning, perform to the coda sign and then skip to the part designated by the coda sign.
Which composerentered the Paris Conservatory at the age of 9?
For which composer is the initial failure of his masterpiece, the opera Carmen, thought to have hastened his death at a young age?
What does "D.C. al coda" mean?
to return to the beginning, perform to the coda sign and then skip to the part designated by the coda sign.
Which selectin was sritten for a quintet of piano, violin, viola, cello, and string bass?
Quintet in A Major, "The Trout": 3rd Movement, Scherzo Presto by Schubert
What does the term "trio" mean in the context of parts of a song?
In earlier times the middle section of an ensemble piece was often performed with just a few, ofthen three instruments. The trio contrasts with the outer sections.
Which composer lived only thirty-one years (from 1797 - 1828) with very little of his music published during his lifetime?
Franz Schubert
Which composer was born and died in Vienna, spending most of his life within a few miles of his childhood home?
Franz Schubert
What does "presto" mean?
very fast
Which selection is often included in the list of American national music ans called our official National March?
Stars and Stripes Forever
Which selection is used as a special alarm at the Ringling Brothers Abarnum and Bailey Circus?
Stars and Stripes Forever
Which selection is written in standard march form(first strain, second strain, trio and break)?
Stars and Stripes Forever
Which selection has words to the trio section that start:
Hurrah for the flag of the free!
May it wave as our standard forever.
Stars and Stripes Forever
Which composer was born on November 6, 1854 in Washington, D.C.?
John Phillip Sousa
Which composer was known as the "March King"?
John Phillip Sousa
Which composer learned to play many instruments and eventually joined the Marine band?
John Phillip Sousa
Which composer composed 136 marches during his lifetime?
John Phillip Sousa
Which compser wrote "Semper Fidelis" which became the Marine Corps' official march?
John Phillip Sousa
Which composer invented a special form of the tuba for marching - which is named after him?
John Phillip Sousa invented the Sousaphone