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98 Cards in this Set

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Ligeti is from
Hungary
Ligeti Grew up in
kolozsvar
Ligeti first studied at the
Kolozsvar Conservatory
Ligeti's initial studies were interrupted
because he was forced to do labor corps duties because of the nazis
Ligeti's bro was sent to
Mathausen
Liget's parents
sent to Auschwitz (mom survived)
Ligeti after the war
continued studies at the academy of Music in Budapest
Ligeti taught at
the Academy of Music in Budapest
Ligeti fled West
To escape the grip of the soviets on the arts
Ligeti became involved in avant guarde music
at darmstadt and cologne
Ligeti learned these techniques
total serialism and electronic music
Electronic music effected Ligeti's
approach to orchestra music
ligeti's second teaching position
music academy of stockholm
ligeti experiments with
microtonal developments
waning of avant guarde caused ligeti to
change his style to more traditional techniques
atmospheres
ligeti
premiere of atmospheres
germany, swf symphony, hans rosbaud cond.
orchestration of atmospheres
double winds, piano, strings
atmospheres same name
earlier unfinished electronic piece by ligeti. not musically related, but did develop some of the same concepts (sound masses)
Sound masses
Ligeti. Music that concetrates on more or less indeterminate clouds of sound built on complete verical collections of the 12 tones.
later ligeti developed
a language of microtonal clusters.
ligeti first introduced microtonal clusters
independently but at the same time as xenakis, pendercki, and stockhausen
ligeti gained international reputation from
apparitions
apparitions lead ligeti to a more
homogenous and static handling of orchestral clusters in atmospheres, either in sustained tones or in micropolyphony
micropolyphony
ligeti. dense weaves of unison canons in which the lines move at different speeds and are not separately identifiable.
micropolyphony
ligeti: "the complex polyphony of the individual parts is embodied in a harmonic-musical flow, in which the harmonies do not change suddenly but merge into one another; one clearly discernible interval combo is gradually blurred, and from this cloudiness it is possible to discern a new interval combination taking shape."
ligetis clusters drift through
regions of color, harmony and texture
kaufmann said ligeti
thought of a representation of mass for the dead, as though far below, in the remote distance, a requiem were taking place."
other cluster composition by ligeti
volumina for organ
Old Hungarian parlour dances
ligeti
ballad and dance
ligeti
concert romanesc
ligeti
apparitions
ligeti
atmospheres
ligeti
lontano
ligeti
ramifications
ligeti
melodien
ligeti
clocks and clouds
ligeti
san francisco polyphony
ligeti
grisey got his initial training
at the trossingen conservatory in germany
Who were Grisey's teachers and where?
Messaien, paris
dutilleux, ecole normale
xenakis and ligeti, darmstadt
electroacoustics
acoustics, faculte des sciences
grisey won
prix de rome
at the villa medici, grisey
met tristan murail
grisey cofounded
L'intineraire with Murail
music grisey liked
oriental, african, avant guarde, sibelius, janacek
grisey taught at
darmstadt summer courses, UC Berkeley, Paris
grisey died suddenly
from an aneurism
transitoires
grisey
Transitoires is part of
a 6 piece orchestral cycle, written from 1974-1985.
6 movements of Les Espaces Acoustiques
pppmte
Les Espaces Acoustiques
moves away from serialism towards techniques based on acoustic properties of sound (harmonic spectrum) and human perception
Musique spectrale
mixes human perception and the harmonic spectrum, popular in france from the 80s on
orchestration of les espaces acoustiques
solo viola-full orhcestra
movement flow of l.e.a.
all can be played separately or with any adjacently written piece
l.e.a. based on a model
inhale, exhale, rest
inhale
build tension
exhale
release tension
rest
on e
instrumental sythesis
grisey's name for the blurring distinction between harmony and timbre
grisey has a trombone play a low e
then follows it with a chord that simulates the E based on a sonogram analysis
grisey tries to simulate the ring modulation by
using long stretches of the same work employing hamonic transformations
grisey's goal of rind modulation
to modulate away from and back to the harmonic spectra
Takemitsu from
tokyo
TTs early education
cut short because of conscription
TT employed during occupation after the war
at a us military base
while working at the military base, tt
heard a lot of western music, decided he wanted to be a composer
tt's teacher
self taught
TT cofounded
an experimental workship
tt's experimental workshop was specifically for
mixed media projects
tt worked with this in the mid 50s
electronic music
tt early 60s
first came to international attention with requiem for strings
requiem for strings popularity aided by
stravinsky praising and promoting
tt began to like native japanese music when he met
john cage
1970s tt turns to
japanese gardens in color, spacing, and form
tt wrote 93
scores for film
tt's best known film score
Ran
1980s and 1990s, tt guest composer and lecturer
aldeburgh, tanglewood, suny buffalo, columbia
tt died of
bladder cancer and pneumonia while going through cancer treatment
visions
tt
visions premiere
chicago, barenboim
visions orch
b fl, cb cl, c bsn, b tp, 4 perc= lots of bass
visions movements
1. mystere, 2. les yeux clos
visions commissioned
by chicago for it's centenary
1968 tt
stranded in chicago due to a blizzard that closed the airport. went to art institute of chicago, liked the paintings of redon (mystere and les yeux clos)
tt's fave painter
odilon redon
other pieces tt composed based on redon
2 works for piano
tt's treatment of orch in visions
treats a large orch as though it were a chamber orch
visions shows influences from which composers
debussy and messiaen
chamber concerto, requiem, tableau noir
tt
solitude sonore, scene, music of trees
tt
arc 1, dorian horizon, green, november steps
ttt
asterism, eycalyptus
tt
crossing, cassiopeia, winter, gemeaux
tt
autumn, a flock, far calls, dreamtime, toward the sea, a way a lone, star-isle, rain coming
tt
to the edge of dream, orion and pleiades, vers l'arc-en-ciel
tt
palma, reiver run, dream/window, i hear the water dreaming, nostalghia, treeline, twill by twilight
tt
a string around autumn, from me flows what you call time, visions, mystere, how slow the wind, quotation of dream-cermonials,
tt
fantasma, spirit garden, 3 film scores, spectral cantical
tt