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24 Cards in this Set

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The passing down of music by word of mouth
from one generation to the next.
oral tradition
4 A musical structure in which the same music is
used for each stanza of a ballad, song, or hymn.
stropic
An extensive body of evangelical hymns and
songs used at revival services, at religious camp
meetings, in Sunday schools, and in churches.
gospel music
The use of written or printed symbols to represent
musical sounds.
notation
Congregational singing of rhymed, metrical
versions of the Congregational singing of rhymed,
metrical versions of the Psalms set to hymn
tunes.
psalm singing
An aid in learning to read music popular in 19th
century America.
shape-note sustem
A piano jazz style popular in the late 1920s and
1930s.
boogie woogie
A music magazine that rates and ranks different
genre.
billboard
14 1950s that
resulted from the influence of hillbilly singers on
the new rock and roll music.
rockabilly
Native to a culture, the original people in a
region.
indigenous
A call-and-response style of hymn singing
whereby a minister or song leader sings one line
at a time and the congregation sings it back,
usually adding embellishments and often at a
much slower tempo.
lining out
Part singing wherein each part enters at a
different time.
fuging tune
Their primary purpose was to improve the state of
hymn singing in America.
singing school
3 Songs with a story having a beginning, middle, and
end.
narrative ballod
9 Altering a pitch slightly according to established
performance practice, such as in pop or jazz music.
tone blending
10 The hymnbooks in which the settings were
published, with words only or with hymn tunes.
psalters
11 The popular dance and entertainment music of the
black Americans living in southwestern Louisiana.
zydeco
The bebop style of the 1950s and 1960s
hard bop
A rhythmic or melodic pattern repeated many
times.
ostinato
Improvised jazz singing using a variety of vocal
sounds rather than lyrics. Its purpose is to
improvise a vocal solo line in the manner of a
lead instrumentalist.
scat singing
A style of music first popular in the first two
decades of the 20th century.
ragtime
Music for a large jazz ensemble, usually from 12
to 20 musicians.
big band jazz
The soloist in a jazz arrangement or performance.
lead
Arrangements that are not notated but are worked
out in rehearsal and, eventually, played by memory
in traditional jazz style.
head arrangements