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82 Cards in this Set

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the line, or tune, in music, a concept that is shared by most cultures
melody
how the melody moves up and down
contour
the melody's span of pitches
range
the distance between any two pitches in a melody
interval
a melody that moves in small, connected intervals
conjuct
a melody that moves by leaps
disjunct
the units that make up a melody
phrases
phrases ending in resting places called...
cadences
a secondary melody
countermelody
the high point in a melodic line
climax
describes the similarity in sound of the last syllables in each line
rhyme scheme
the movement of music in time
rhythm
the basic unit of rhythm
beat
strong beats
accented beats
organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses
measures
the line, or tune, in music, a concept that is shared by most cultures
melody
how the melody moves up and down
contour
the melody's span of pitches
range
the distance between any two pitches in a melody
interval
a melody that moves in small, connected intervals
conjuct
a melody that moves by leaps
disjunct
the units that make up a melody
phrases
phrases ending in resting places called...
cadences
a secondary melody
countermelody
the high point in a melodic line
climax
describes the similarity in sound of the last syllables in each line
rhyme scheme
the movement of music in time
rhythm
the basic unit of rhythm
beat
strong beats
accented beats
organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses
meters
meters are marked off in...
measures
measures are marked off by...
meter lines
the first accented beat of each pattern (marked by a downward stroke of the conductor's hand)
downbeat
most basic metrical pattern; alternates a strong downbeat with a weak beat; ONE, two or LEFT, right
duple meter
three beats to a measure - one strong and two weak
triple meter
four beats to a measure; primary accent on the first beat and a secondary accent on the third
quadruple meter
meters in which the beat has duple subdivisions
simple meters
meters in which the beat is divided into three subdivisions
compound meters
most common compound meter; has six beats to the measure (accents on one and four)
sextuple meter
the last beat of the measure
upbeat
a deliberate upsetting of the normal pattern of accentuation
syncopation
beats in between the stronger beats
offbeat
many rhythms
polyrhythm
a grouping of irregular numbers of beats that add up to a larger overall piece
additive meter
when the pulse of the piece is veiled or weak
nonmetric
when three or more tones are sounded together
chord
the simultaneous sounding of notes to form chords and the progression from one chord to the next
harmony
a particular collection of pitches arranged in ascending or descending order
scale
an interval of eight notes
octave
a combo of three tones
triad
the "home base" around which the other notes revolve and to which they gravitate
tonic
the principle organization around the tonic
tonality
a combo of tones that sound like they need to be resolved
dissonance
an agreeable combo of musical tones that provides a sense of relaxation and fulfillment
consonance
a single sustained tone against which melodic and rhythmic complexities unfold
drone
the interweaving of the melodic lines with harmony
texture
single voiced music without accompaniment
monophony
multiple voices elaborating the same melody simultaneously
heterophony
a many based texture based on counterpoint
polyphony
one line set against another
counterpoint
when one melodic voice is prominent over the accompanying lines, or voices
homophony
a subcategory of homophony in which all the voices move in the same rhythm
homorhythmic texture
when a melodic idea is presented in one voice, then restated in another
imitation
when some of the music is created on the spot
improvisation
a strictly imitative work
canon
most simple form of canon; each voice enters in succession with the same melody, that can be repeated endlessly
round
organizing principle in music
form
features repeated music for each stanza of text
strophic form
basic structure of music (A-B)
binary form
basic structure of music (A-B-A)
ternary form
fixes the material in our minds and satisfies the need for the familiar
repetition
stimulates our interest and feeds our desire for change
contrast
where some aspects of the music are altered but the original is still recognizable
variation
when a melodic idea is used as a building block in the construction of a larger musical work
theme
when repetition is repeated at a higher or lower pitch level
sequence
the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-rhythmic unit
motive
a singing leader who is imitated by a chorus of followers
call-and-response, responsorial music
a short musical pattern that is repeated throughout a work
ostinato
a complete, comparatively independent division of a large-scale work
movement
the rate of speed of music
tempo
measures the exact number of beats per minute
metronome
the volume at which music is played
dynamics