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75 Cards in this Set

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A cappella
choral music without insturmental accompaniment
Accidental
a sharp flat or natural symbol before a note indicates pitch from outside the specified scale
Adagio
slow tempo
Aerophone
an insturmentthat creates sound by the vibration of a colum of air
Allegro
fast tempo
Alto
a female voice with a lower range than soprano or a high male voice
Andante
moderate, walking tempo
Ballet
musical form written to coincide with a story to be danced
Bar
see measure
Baritone
a male voice with a renge between tenor and bass
Bass clef
a symbol that indicates that the fourth line from the bottom of a staff represents the pitch of F below middle C; also called F clef
Bass
a male voice with the lowest range
Beat
the underlying pulse in music
Binary form
the form of a piece that hastwo sections,AB
Bridge
1)a linking passage in a piece of music
2) the part of a string insturment overwhich the strings pass
refers to combinations of sounds that are rough and inharmonious
dissonance
the fifth step or degree of a scale
dominant
the accented beat at the beginning of a downmeasure
downbeat
the gradations of loudness in music
dynamics
an instrument that produces sound by electronic means
electrophone
a system of tuning based on a scale whose "steps" or degrees have logarithmically equal intervals between them, in contrast to the differently spaced degrees of "just intonation tuning"
equal temperament tuning
the structure of organization of a piece of music
form
loud
forte
very loud
fortissimo
refers to the number of vibrations per second that create a sound; the frequency of a sound determines its pitch
frequency
a type of composition or technique in which a melodic theme is subjected to melodic imitation
fugue
a lively court dance in triple meter that was popular in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries and which was early paired with the pavane
pavane
liturgical chants to latin text used since the middle ages
gregorian chants
the sounds heard together when a sound is produced by a vibrating string or air column, through its vibration in parts; the tones in the harmonicseries of overtones produced by a fundamental tone
harmonics
the combination of more than one musical pitch at a time and the subsequent relationships between intervals and chords
harmony
Cadence
a progression of notes or chords that gives the effect of closing a passage of music
Chanson
the french word for song used specifically in reference to french polyphonicsongs in the medieval times and rennissance
Chorale
a traditional german hymn
Chord
a combonation of 3 or more pitches played at once
Chordophone
an insturment that produces sound Via the vibration of a stretched string that is bowed plucked or struck
Chromatic scale
a scale based upon an octave of twelve semitonesas opposed to diatomic scale
Clef
a symbol that designates a pitch range to be displayed in the staff
Coda
a passage at the end of a movement or composition that brings it to a formal close
Concerto
originally refered to a work that features effects of contrast, but now refers to a work in whicha solo instturment is contrasted with a larger ensamble or orchestra
Consonance
refers to a combontation of sounds that is somooth and harmonious
Continuo
a bass accompaniment, usually played on a keyboard or plucked insturment, inwhich neumerals written underneath the notes indicate the kind of harmony to be played:the group of insturments playing the contiouo part
Crescendo
gradually increasing in loudness
Decrecendo
gradually decreasing in loudness
Diatonic scale
a scale using only the eight tones of a standard major or minor scale without chromatic variations
Cadence
a progression of notes or chords that gives the effect of closing a passage of music
Chanson
the french word for song used specifically in reference to french polyphonicsongs in the medieval times and rennissance
Chorale
a traditional german hymn
Chord
a combonation of 3 or more pitches played at once
Chordophone
an insturment that produces sound Via the vibration of a stretched string that is bowed plucked or struck
Chromatic scale
a scale based upon an octave of twelve semitonesas opposed to diatomic scale
Clef
a symbol that designates a pitch range to be displayed in the staff
Coda
a passage at the end of a movement or composition that brings it to a formal close
Concerto
originally refered to a work that features effects of contrast, but now refers to a work in whicha solo instturment is contrasted with a larger ensamble or orchestra
Consonance
refers to a combontation of sounds that is somooth and harmonious
Continuo
a bass accompaniment, usually played on a keyboard or plucked insturment, inwhich neumerals written underneath the notes indicate the kind of harmony to be played:the group of insturments playing the contiouo part
Crescendo
gradually increasing in loudness
Decrecendo
gradually decreasing in loudness
Diatonic scale
a scale using only the eight tones of a standard major or minor scale without chromatic variations
the unit of measure and frequency; the number of cycles per second
hertz
a texture in which several different versions of the same melody are played simultaneously
heterophony
a texture with one melody and varied supporting accompaniment; a texture in which these parts generally move together
homophony
a texture in which the melody and the supporting parts perform similar rhythms
homorythmic
an instrument that produces sound by being struck, plucked, rubbed, or bowed
idiophone
the distance between two pitches
interval
the tonality and major or minor scale of a piece of music; the key is labeled according to the note to which the piece gravitates
key
the group of flats or sharps placed on the staff at the beginning of a piece that indicates the tonality of the scale used
key signature
very slow
largo
the seventh degree of a scale, a semitone below the tonic, which gives music a sense of leading back to the tonic
ledaing tone
a recognizable theme or musical ideathat represents a character or concept in a dramatic work
leitmotif
the text of an opera or oratorio
ilbretto
a secular renassaince composition of poetic text for several unaccompanied vocal parts; usually has a ritornello
madrigal
a scale in which the distance from the first to the third note is four semitones
major scale
a metrical division of music, marked by vertical lines through the staff called bar lines
measure
a succession of notes sung on one syllable
melisma
a sequence of musical pitches with a recognizable shape or tune
melody