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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The number of vibrations per second. According to contemporary Western music standards, the pitch A4 is assigned to 440 Hz
A musical interval for which the higher pitch has a frequency that is twice that of the lower pitch
A tuning system used by modern Western instruments by which the octave is divided into 12 equal parts
Equal tempered tuning
The smallest pitch interval in Western art music; also known as semitone. The half step corresponds to a frequency ratio of 2(1/2) or about 1.0594631:1
Half step
A half step (or semiton) for which both pitches have the same letter name (e.g. C and C#)
Chromatic half step
A half step (or semitone) for which both pitches have different letter names (e.g D and C#)
Diatonic half step
Two tones with different names but the same pitch (e.g. B# and C)
Enharmonic equivalents
A pitch interval of two half steps. Also known as a whole tone
Whole step
a whole step for which both pitches have different letter name (e.g. C# and D#)
Diatonic whole step
An ordered collection of notes presented consecutively by pitch and spanning one octave. A scale is name for its tonic, which is its first and last note
A scale that divides the entire octave into a pattern of whole and/or half steps that is the same from start to middle as from middle to end (e.g. the chromatic scale). A scale that does not have this freature is asymmetrical (e.g. major diatonic scale)
Symmetrical scale
An ordered collection of four notes presented consecutively by pitch. The major tetrachord is W-W-H
An ordered collection of five notes presented consecutively by pitch. The major pentachord is W-W-H-W
The following sequence of fiatonic whole and half steps - W, W, H, W, W, W, H
Major scale
The numbering of apitch based on its position w/n a scale (e.g. F is scale degree 4 in the C major scale). Can also be identified by their name (tonic, supertonic, mediant, subdominant, dominant, submediant, leading tone, tonic) or solfege syllable (do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti, do).
Scale degree
A progression of key changes that is realized by moving upward or downward by five scale degrees. The full circle is achieved after 12 key changes
Circle of fifths
A designation of a central tone (i.e. tonic) and mode (i.e. major or minor scale)
The number of flats or sharps in a piece that are written at the beginning of each line of music notation
Key signature
A scale that contains the following subset of five pitches from the major scale: do, re, mi, sol, la. Fa and Ti are omitted.
Major pentatonic scale