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43 Cards in this Set

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a song about courtly or chivalric love
canso or chanson
a song depicting an idyllic scence, knight meets sheperdess
pastorela
a morning song; lovers parting at daybreak, or a warning to lovers of approaching dawn
alba
sung by women and contains stories of woe or lost love
chanson de toile
songs of historical or legendary subjects
lai
remained a major force in Europe, but weakened in its influence
religion
"the divine comedy"
dante alighieri
author and playwright; tragedies and comedies
william shakespeare
a "fixed melody"; usualy gregorian chant; serves as a basis for composition.
cantus firmus
a texture in which all voices move together rhythmically
homorhythmic
language of the country
vernacular
mass for the dead
requiem
the renaissance saw a rise in _________ and _________
amateur music
secular music
instrumental __________ was played by professionals and amateur musicians
dance music
_________ (melodic decoration) were often improvised
embellishments
originated in italy as a form of aristocratic entertainment
madrigal
monteverdi was a master of the italian madrigal and of expressive devices such as _______
word painting
"one song"; solo song with instrumental accompaniment
monody
secco
dry
spoken music
recitative
lyrical singing
aria
vocal duets; choruses
ensembles
sets mood for performers
orchestra
text of the opera
libretto
provides scope to characters
librettist
opera with dance, choruses, sond, and recitative
tragedie lyrique
added dance to acting
france
vocal music with poetry and dance
masques
a work for one or more solo vocalists and instrumental accompaniment
cantata
personal emotion; music dominates
lyric
written for a play; comedy or tragedy
dramatic
follows characters through plot; tells story
narrative
an opera without scenery, costumes or acting
oratorio
collection of verses from both testaments
messiah
secualr music in the middle ages was songs and dances that depicted _________
everyday life
troubadors; trouveres
inventors
german version of the troubador
minnesinger
traveling musicians that wandered from town to town, sharing and receiving secular songs
minstrels
considered the greatest trouvere; all his music was secular and conatains both mono- and polyphonic works
adam de la halle
important figure in the period of the Ars Nova (new art);greater refinement in music, namely developed harmony, rhythm, meters and polyphonic textures; worked as a religious cleric and courtier; very prolific as a composer, writing large amounts of both sacred and secular works.
guillaume de machaut
musical devices that enhance the meaning of the text;dissonances highly controlled in sacred settings
text paintings
renaissance mass: settings of the _________ more common; sung in the ___________ in some cases; sung in __________ in most cases;
ordinary
vernacular
latin
a combination two violins and continuo
trio senata