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29 Cards in this Set

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A Capella
without instrumental accompaniment
Adagio
Slow; slower than andante, faster than largo
Allegretto
faster than andante but not so fast as allegro
Allegro
Quick tempo; cheerful.
Alto
means middle.
instruments having a range lower than that of the treble or soprano;
Andante
moderately slow -- usually used as a direction in music
Aria
Italian word for "air." a song for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment.
Chord
a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
Coda
Closing section of a composition. An added ending
Coloratura
elaborate embellishment in vocal music; broadly; music with ornate figuration
Concerto
A piece of music played by a solo instrument, accompanied by an orchestra or band.
Contralto
a singing voice having a range between tenor and mezzo-soprano
Counterpoint
the putting together of two or more independent musical lines
Crescendo
a gradual increase in volume of a musical passage
Forte
with great loudness
Fortissimo
Very loud (louder than forte)
Oratorio
a lengthy choral work usually of a religious nature without action or scenery
Harmony
tuneful sound; melody
Leitmotif
A basic recurring theme, representing a person, object or idea, commonly used in Wagner's operas.
Lieder
German art songs from the Nineteenth-century
Mezzo Soprano
a woman's voice with a range between soprano and contralto
Overture
French meaning opening)the instrumental introduction
Cantata
a composition for one or more voices sung to an instrumental accompaniment
Recitative
a type of vocal writing in opera which mimics speech or 'recitation'.
Requiem
a solemn chant for for the dead
Sonata
An instrumental piece, often in several movements.
Staccato
cut short or apart in performing
Suite
is an organized set of instrumental or orchestral pieces normally performed at a single sitting.
Symphony
Harmony of sounds