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46 Cards in this Set

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orchestration
when music is originally written for keyboard, then later allocated to the instruments
ostinato
small phrase repeated over and again
The Russian Five
5 famous russian composers who supported Musorgsky
tempo
the speed at which the beat is to happen
arpeggio
a triad played in separate notes (harmony)
cadence
(harmony) the concluding part of a musical phrase
chromatic
all 12 notes within the octave. all notes are half step apart
conjunct
(melody) melodic construction that moves mainly in stepwise fashion
consonance
pitches that sound agreeable and stable
disjunct
melodic movement in mostly leaps
diatonic
melodies using the notes of a scale, either major or minor
dominant chord
the triad built on the 5th note in the scale (harmony)
great staff
treble and bass clef together
key
tonal center, built on the tonic note or the first note of the scale
key signature
(notation) sharps or flats that indicate which key the music is written in
measure
(rhythm)a group of beats or musical pulses usually the number of beats is fixed and constant so that the measure serves as a continual unit of measurement in music
mode
a pattern of pitches forming a scale; the two primary modes in Western music are major and minor
meter
regular groupings of beats (rhythm)
modulation
the process in music whereby the tonal center changes from one key to another
motive
a short, distinctive melodic figure that stands by itself (and sometimes rhythmic gesture)
rhythm
the organization of time in music. dividing long spans of time into smaller, more easily felt unites
subdominant chord
the chord built on the 4th notes of the scale, both major and minor
syncopation
a rhythmic device in which the natural accent falling on a strong beat is displaced to a weak beat or between the beats
tonality
the organization of music around a central tone (the tonic) and the scale built on the tone
tonic
the first note of the scale. the central pitch around which the melody and harmony gravitate
triad
three notes. a chord consisting of three pitches and two intervals of a third
binary form
a musical form consisting of two units constructed to balance and complement each other
canon
a round.
color (timbre)
the character or quality of a music tone as determined by its harmonics and its attack and decay. "what is making the sound?"
counterpoint
the harmonious opposition of two or more independent musical lines. polyphonic
dynamics
the various levels of volume, loud and soft
form
the plan of arranging musical material. suggests an overall shape to the music
glissando
a device of sliding up and down the scale very rapidly
homophony
usually blocks of chords, voices, pitches, or instruments all playing together in the same rhythm in support of a single melody
monophony
a single line of music by a soloist or in unison
polyphony
many active independent intertwining voices or instruments
pizzicato
string effect, plucking the strings
rondo form
an ancient musical form in which a refrain alternates with contrasting material
sforzando
a sudden loud attack on one note or chord (dynamics)
strophic form
a musical form often used in setting a strophic text such as a hymn or christmas carol. the music is repeated for each line or verse of text
ternary form
a three part musical form in which the third section is a repeat of the first - ABA
texture
the density and disposition of the musical lines that make up a musical composition - monophonic, homophonic, polyphonic
theme and variations
a musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm or some other feature
tremolo
a musical tremor produced on a string instrument
vibrato
a slight and continual wobbling of the pitch produced on a string instrument or the voice
bas instruments
soft, quiet instruments. court (secular) music. strings, flute, recorder, harp