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89 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Middle ages refers to what period of time in European history?
450-1450
In the Middle Ages the most important musicians were who?
Priests
In the middle ages the organ was a prominent _______ instrument.
Church
The foremost composer of the 14th Century France was who?
Guillame de Machut
Guillame de Machut was _____, ______, _______ as well as a musician.
Court official, poet, priest
What are the parts of the ordinary of the Mass?
Gloria, Kyrie, Credo
During the Renaissance every educated person was expected to do what 3 things?
1. Read Musical Notation
2. Be Skilled in Dance
3. Play a Musical Instrument
Who was known for writing string music in the Mid/Ren/Baroque period?
Correlli
The compelling drive and energy in baroque music are usually provided by what in music?
Repeated Rhythmic Patterns
The orchestra evolved during the Baroque period into a performing group based in the instruments of the _________ family.
String
The large group of players in a concerto grosso is known as the what?
Tutti
What were the Castrati?
Male singers castrated before puberty
Bach chreated masterpieces in all baroque forms except what?
Opera
The Text of the opera.
Libretto
T/F: Opera started in the Renaissance period?
False
______ Period's name means bizarre and elaborately ornamented.
Baroque
In Baroque music, melodies are heard once, or more than once?
More than once
_____ consists of one or more log sustained tones accompanying a melody.
Drone
Organum is a form of what?
Homophony
T/F: Pope Gregory wrote a lot of Gregorian Chant.
False
A Medieval dance. One of the earliest forms of instrumental music.
Estampie
A compositional procedure used in fugues in which a subject is imitated before it is completed; one voice tries to catch the other.
Stretto
Ars Nova
"New Art"
Between recitative and Aria
Arioso
Polyphonic composition based on one main theme or subject.
Fugue
Variation of a fugue subject in which the original time values of the subject are shortened.
Diminution
Main Theme
Subject
Medieval polyphony that consists of Gregorian Chant and one or more additional melodic lines
Organum
Two or more notes to one syllable of text
Melismatic
Speech-like melody that is sung by a solo voice accompanied only by a basso continuo
Secco Recitative
A short orchestral piece that opens and opera and sets the musical mood.
Overture
One who writes the text of an opera.
Librettist
Speech-like melody that is sung by a solo voice and accompanied by the orchestra
Accomanied recitative
"Orfeo"
Monteverdi
"La Primavera"
Vivaldi
"Notre Dame Mass"
Machut
"Wachet Auf"
Johann Sebastian Bach
Piece that took 24 days to write
Messiah
England's most importaint composer in the Baroque period
Henry Purcell
________ Learning: repetition--one line at a time
Rote Learning
Opposite of Melismatic; one note to one syllable of text
Syllabic
Polyphonic texture; obscures the original melody; more than one melody at the same time
Paliphany
_________ Rhythm: created by Leonin and Perotin; from the school of Notre Dame; definite time values and clearly defined meter
Measured
-Wrote "O Successores"
-Ran a convent
-Visionary and a mystic
-One of the only women composers in the Middle Ages
Hildegard Von Bingen
-Priest/court official
-Wrote the Notre Dame Mass
-Mass ordinary vs. Mass proper
Guillaume de Machaut
Mass ________: consists of texts that remain the same from day to day throughout most of the church year. Composers wrote for this. Has 5 sung prayers (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Angnus dei)
Mass Ordinary
Renaissance means
Rebirth
Mass _____: Changes w/ the seasons
Mass Proper
5 sung prayers of the Mass Ordinary:
1. Kyrie
2. Gloria
3. Credo
4. Sanctus
5. Agnus Dei
Musical center of the Renaissance
Rome, Italy
T/F: There was secular music in the Midieval and Renaissance periods.
True
The space between 2 bar lines
Measure
When a violin player plays more than 1 mote at the same time they are playing what?
Double stops
The lowest male voice part is the what?
Bass
The lowest female voice part is the what?
Alto
Percussion instruments are grouped by ______ and ______ instruments.
Pitched and Non-pitched
A broken chord
Arpegio
Very slow, broad
Largo
Slow
Adagio
Rapid repetition of a tone
Tremolo
Lively
Vivace
Small fluctuations of a pitch
Vibrato
Moderately slow, walking pace
Andante
Fast
Allegro
Moderately fast
Allegretto
Very slow, solemn
Grave
Extraordinary performing artist
Mezzo-Sporano??
Middle male voice part
Baritone
Highest male voice part
Tenor
These periods are an example of what type of periods?:

1. Classical
2. 20th Century
3. Romantic
4. Midieval
5. Baroque
6. Renaissasnce
Stylistic Periods
Notes that sound the same but are spelled differently
Enharmonics
Principle player
Concert master
Emphasized notes
Accents
T/F: A round is a type of imitation
True
______ Period starts in 1750
Classical
T/F: the piano was not used in the Classical Period
False
T/F: Sonata form has 2 diff. parts
False
"Show-off" time for a performer
Cadenza
Beethoven wrote how many symphonies?
9
Mozart wrote how many symphonies?
46
Haydn wrote how many symphonies?
Over 104
What composer was a child prodigy?
Bethoveen
A mass for the dead
Requiem
The 3 Classical Composers were who?
Mozart, Bethoveen, Haydn
Who wrote the 1812 Overature?
Tchaikovsky
Musical idea associated w/ a person, object or thought--Wagner
Leitmotif
Universal artwork
Gesamtkunstwerk
One movement programmatic piece for orchestra
Tone Poem
Instrumental music--not designed to tell a story
Absolute music