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123 Cards in this Set

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T or F
Pop, C & W, and R & B coexisted in the early 1950's as 3 separate and distinct markets
True
Between what 3 years did the dividing lines betweeen Pop, R & B, and C & W become blurred?
1954-1956
What is the term for the records that originated in one market but succeeded in another?
Crossovers
Describe the typical crossover of the early 1950s:
R & B that sold enough to appear on the lower end of the pop charts
What is the best example of an R & B crossover during the early 1950s?
"Cryin' in the Chapel" because while topping the R & B market, it climbed to #11 on the pop charts
What is the term for a subsequent version of an original song?
Cover version
T or F
The practice of recording "cover" versions of songs was exclusively white singers recording black singers' songs.
False.
Doris Day's "Secret Love" was recorded by the Moonglows
T or F
Cover versions never did as well as the original versions.
False,
Cover versions usually equaled or exceeded the sales of the originals
T or F
Sometimes cover versions and originals coexisted on the pop charts
True
Cite an example of a song that appeared both as an original and cover version on the pop charts
"Ain't That a Shame"
org. by Fats Domino
cover by Pat Boone
What did the increasing popularity of new sounds reflect in society?
Emergence of a distinct youth culture
Cite 2 movies that were represetative of the "rebel" of the youth in 1955?
1. Rebel Without a Cause
2. Blackboard Jungle
What was the term given to the symbol of rebellion youth that was described as wearing a black leather jacket, shirt open, collar upturned hair slicked back into a ducktail?
Juvenile Delinquint
What was the theme song in the movie, Blackboard Jungle, that started the genre for the rebellious youth of the 1950s?
"Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley
Who is credited as being the symbol for the emergence of rock and roll?
Bill Haley
What markets did Bill Haley's music sweep?
Pop
R & B
C & W
What is the name of the group that accompanied Bill Haley?
The Comets
What market did Bill Haley's early career identify with?
C & W
Name 2 songs in addition to "Rock Around the Clock" that Bill Haley recorded that were his versions of R & B hits:
1. Crazy Man, Crazy
2. Shake, Rattle and Roll
Why didn't Bill Haley become the "front man" for the new "rock and roll"
Bill Haley was 40 yrs old with a receding hair line
Without whom is it credited that rock may well have proven to be only a musical fad?
Elvis Presley
Where was Elvis Presley born and when?
Tupelo, Mississippi in 1935
What economic reality was probably the leading reason for Presley's "racially integrated" influence.
Presleys were extremely poor, considered to be "poor, white trash"
When did Presley move to Memphis?
1948
T or F
Presley's lived in a federally funded housing project.
True
What area of Memphis is it reported that Elvis Presley hung out which was considered the "hotbed" of black music?
Beale Street
Name the high school Presley graduated from in 1953?
L. C. Humes High School
In high school, which was Presley associated with:
1. typeical mid-1950s white middle-class teenager
2. combination of black and lower-class white with greased hair, long side burns and black leather jacket
2. combination of black and lower-class white with greased hair, long sideburns, and black leather jacket
Describe Presley's one point of high school popularity?
High school variety show in 1952
Name the recording studio Presley went to record a gift for his mother?
Memphis Recording Service
Name the owner of Memphis Recording Service and Sun Records:
Sam Phillips
Who is credited with bringing Presley to the attention of Sam Phillips?
Woman named Marion Keisker
Before Presley, what market was Sam Phillips most successful with?
C & W
When was Presley signed with Sun Records?
July 1954
What were the 2 songs on the first single to be released that Presley recorded for Sun Record?
1. That's All Right (Mama)
2. Blue Moon of Kentucky
Who backed up Presley on guitar and bass on his first single release?
Scotty Moore, guitar
Bill Black, bass
T or F
Some white radio stations refused to play Elvis's early releases because they assumed he was of mixed racial blood.
True
How many records at first did Presley's first regional hit sell?
20,000 copies
T or F
Presley was named the #1 "up and coming" R & B artist in a Billboard disc jockey poll in 1955?
False
Presley was named the #1 "up and coming" C & W artist in a Bill board disc jockey poll in 1955.
What was the name of the traveling show that went @ to the C & W markets promoting new artists and established stars that Presley traveled with in 1955-1956?
Louisiana Hayride
Name the 2 related events in 1956 that led to the national impact of Elvis Presley?
1. "Colonel" Tom Parker became Presley's manager
2. Parker negotiated Presley's release from Sun Records, then sold Presley's contract to RCA Victor
How much did RCA Victor pay for Elvis's first contract?
$35,000 + $5,000 signing bonus
What event during the 1950's in pop culture is equated as one of the best business deals since the purchas of Manhattan from the Indians for a few trinkets?
RCA Victor signing Evlis Presley for $40,000
Name the song that was Presley's first national hit?
"Heartbreak Hotel"
How many months did it take for "Heartbreak Hotel" to sell over a million copies in 1956?
Few months
In one year, how many copies of "Hound Dog"/"Don't Be Cruel" sell in one year?
3 million
What song was on the other side of the single, "Hound Dog"?
"Don't Be Cruel"
In 1956, how many records did Presley sell total?
10 million
What song by Presley sold over 1 million copies before it was released in 1956?
"Love Me Tender"
Which of Presley's hits was a crossover that reached both #1 on both pop and C & W charts and #3 on R & B?
Heartbreak Hotel
List the 5 Presley songs that hit all #1 on all 3 charts, pop, C & W, and R & B?
1. "Don't Be Cruel"
2. "Hound Dog"
3. "Teddy Bear"
4. "Jailhouse Rock"
5. "All Shook Up"
When did Presley join the Army?
1958?
List the 2 life altering events that took place while Presley was in the Army?
1. His mother, Gladys, died
2. He met Priscilla Beaulieu who later became his wife.
Over 16 years, how many films did Presley star in?
33
What was the name of the traveling show that went @ to the C & W markets promoting new artists and established stars that Presley traveled with in 1955-1956?
Louisiana Hayride
Name the 2 related events in 1956 that led to the national impact of Elvis Presley?
1. "Colonel" Tom Parker became Presley's manager
2. Parker negotiated Presley's release from Sun Records, then sold Presley's contract to RCA Victor
How much did RCA Victor pay for Elvis's first contract?
$35,000 + $5,000 signing bonus
What event during the 1950's in pop culture is equated as one of the best business deals since the purchas of Manhattan from the Indians for a few trinkets?
RCA Victor signing Evlis Presley for $40,000
Name the song that was Presley's first national hit?
"Heartbreak Hotel"
How many months did it take for "Heartbreak Hotel" to sell over a million copies in 1956?
Few months
In one year, how many copies of "Hound Dog"/"Don't Be Cruel" sell in one year?
3 million
What song was on the other side of the single, "Hound Dog"?
"Don't Be Cruel"
In 1956, how many records did Presley sell total?
10 million
What song by Presley sold over 1 million copies before it was released in 1956?
"Love Me Tender"
Which of Presley's hits was a crossover that reached both #1 on both pop and C & W charts and #3 on R & B?
Heartbreak Hotel
List the 5 Presley songs that hit all #1 on all 3 charts, pop, C & W, and R & B?
1. "Don't Be Cruel"
2. "Hound Dog"
3. "Teddy Bear"
4. "Jailhouse Rock"
5. "All Shook Up"
When did Presley join the Army?
1958?
List the 2 life altering events that took place while Presley was in the Army?
1. His mother, Gladys, died
2. He met Priscilla Beaulieu who later became his wife.
Over 16 years, how many films did Presley star in?
33
Describe the basic genre for a Presley film?
teen rock exploitation films of little dramatic merit
T or F
Presley did not want to dramatic roles.
False,
Presley did want to do more dramatic films
Who nixed Presley doing dramatic films?
Colonel Parker
Name the Presley hits from the mid-1960s:
1. Suspicion
2. In the Ghetto
3. Suspicious Minds
4. Don't Cry Daddy
5. Burning Love
6. Promised Land
7. Way Down
8. I Did It My Way
Name the #1 Presley song that was not released until after his death?
"I Did It My Way"
When did Presley marry Priscilla?
1967
Name Presley's daughter:
Lisa Marie
When did Presley die?
August 16, 1977
How did Presley die?
Heart related
T or F
Presley remained in shape between tours and times at home.
False,
His weight varied widely, sometimes ballooning over 200 pounds.
How old was Presley when he died?
42 yo
How is it believed Presley would use (did) in order to lose the extra pounds gained during time between tours?
misused prescriptive drugs
When did Priscilla divorce Presely?
1973
What is the name of Presley's home in Memphis?
Graceland
Who is considered "the King" of rock and roll?
Elvis Presley
List the 3 reasons Presley is considered "the King" of rock and roll:
1. He was the musical personification of what rock and roll was.
2. His multifaceted personality and musical versatility meant that his appeal could be braodened beyond that of the typical rock and roll star
3. His commercial success was overwhelming
T or F
Rock and Roll developed as a biracial music.
True
How would you describe Pesley's style of music?
Bi-racial
T or F
Presley is considered "unique" amongst rock and roll stars.
True
How many records did Presely sell by the time of his death?
500,000,000 or 500 million
Who holds the record for the most charted albums?
Elvis Presley
Who hold the record for the most hits in the Top 10?
Elvis Presley
Who holds the reocrd for the most 2-sided hit singles?
Elvis Presley
Who holds the record for the most consecutive Top 10 records?
Elvis Presley
Who holds the record for the most total weeks in the number 1 position?
Elvis Presley
Who holds the record for the most consectutive years on the charts?
Elvis Presley
How many years was Elvis Presley's on the Top 10 charts?
27
What was the name given to the group of friends Presley kept around him?
Memphis Mafia
When was the NBC television special during the 1960's that showed that Elvis still had "it" in him?
December 1968
List the 2 characteristics Presley possessed that made him the most influential and successful proponenet of rock and roll of his time?
1. versalitily
2. multifaceted appeal
Who is credited with moving rock and roll out of its identity as "teen music" to become THE popular musical style of the last half of the 20th Century?
Elvis Presley
What is considered to be the most basic of all of the musicl elements?
Rhythm
What is what we mean how sound is ordered in time?
Rhythm
According to music psychologists why do they believe that human beings respond naturally to the beat or rhythmic aspects of music?
Because our own body isin fact a complex of periodic vibrations and beats (pulses)
T or F
Rhythm is not always found in music.
False,
Rhythm is ALWAYS found mo matter what the musical style.
Cite the 4 basic observations @ rhythm:
1. How fast is the beat?
2. How are the beats organized?
3. HOw strong are the beats?
4. How are the beats subdivided?
What is the term for the speed of the beat?
Tempo
How is tempo measured accurately and objectively?
With a metronome
What is the term for a dvice that measure the number of beats per minute?
Metronome
What is the technical term for the organizational grouping of beats?
Meter
What is the term for the organization of beats into groups of four?
Quadruple Meter
What is the term for the organization of beats into groups of three?
Triple Meter
In what meter is the vast majority of rock and roll?
Quadruple Meter (groups of four)
What is the term for each grouping of beats?
Measure or bar
If we are talking @ 8 bars of quadruple meter, how many total beats are there?
32 beats organized into 8 groups of 4
T or F
All of the beats in a measure are equally strong.
False,
Not all beats in a measure are equally strong.
Traditionally, which beat is the strongest?
The first beat
Which beat is considered the "downbeat"?
The first (1st)
Which beat, beside the downbeat, is the next strongest beat traditionally?
The 3rd.
How do the beats of rock and roll differ from traditional music?
Beats two and four are emphasized.
What is the term for when beats two and four are emphasized?
Backbeat
Where is "inside" the beats?
In between the beats
Faster rock and roll of the 1950s used what type of subdivision of the beat?
Duple subdivision
Slower, softer rock and roll songs were more likely to have what kind of subdivision?
Triple subdivision