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32 Cards in this Set

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Classical
1750-1820
"art" music "serious" not folk or popular
classical
New classical in art; emphasis on simplicity and balance
Neoclassical
continues to be valued/enjoyed; timeless appeal ando/or of enduring value
classic
comedic opera; middle class
opera buffa
first main section of sonata-allegro form
exposition
repeat of the exposition
recapiculation
three part piece form
ternary
Father of the Symphony; everyone copied his formula
Haydn
the modern piano; able to change dynamics
pianoforte
meter in three, usually third movement
minuet and trio
part of the melody that is developed and changed; Beethoven's 5th symphony
motivic development
features a soloist with an orchestra
Mozart features 3 movements
fast sonata allegro
slow lyrical
fast sonata-allegro
concerto
a melody keeps coming back around ABACABA
rondo
same forward as it is backwards
palindrome
a fast minuet; in three; subsitutes minuet
scherzo serenade
performance by a soloist in a n orchestra; used to be improvised; trill and return to orchestra; 3rd or 1st movement
cadenza
catalogue of Mozart's works
Kochel Number
Min city for the classical era; Austria; former capiton of Holy Roman Empire
Vienna
recycles parts of past movements
cyclical
Age of Revolution, challenging old political structure, challenging chruch's beliefs, rise of middle class
Age of Reason/Enlightenment
a single movement form; found in 1st movements of symphonies, concerti, and sonatas
sonata-allegro
a musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing notes
theme and variations
German comic opera
Singspiel
a light, multimovement piece for strings along or small orchestra; intended for public entertainment, outdoors
serenade
an extension of sonata-allegroa in which the orchestra playes one expostion and the soloist then plays another
double-exposition
most important form developed in Classical Era; multi movement work
fast sonata-allegro
slow
(minuet"
fast sonata-allegro
symphony
"chamber music" "intimate" concert setting; 4 strings: 2 violins, viola, cello
Four Movements
fast somata-allegro
slow lyrical
minuet and trio
fast sonata-allegro
string quartet
three movements
sonata-allegro, ternary, rondo, theme and variations
mulitmovements
sonata
Haydn
104 symphonies
known for string quartets
also wrote operas, piano sonatas, masses and orations
worked for aristocracy
Father of Symphony
Mozart
was aristocracy then became free-lance; died at 35; Classical Opera and brought concerto to maturity;
family of musicians
Beethoven
Family of musicians
Trained by both mozart/hadyn;
9 symphonies
32 piano sonatas
16 string quartets
5 piano concerti
1 opera