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75 Cards in this Set

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wHAT IS A TIME SIGNATURE
The time signature on a musical staff tells you the meter of the music by defining both the number of beats in a measure and the type of note that fills one beat.
UPBEAT
WHEN MUSIC IS STARTED ON ANY BEAT OTHER THAN ONE
SYNCOPATION
DELIBERATE UPSET OF THE METER OR BEAT THROUGH A TEMPORARY SHIFTING OF ACCENTS, EXAMPLE - JAZZ ROCK OR SPIRITUALS
STURCTURE OF HARMONY
INTERVAL
SCALE
CHORD
TRIAD
TONIC
TONALITY
MODALITY
HARMONY
ARRAGNEMENT OF CHORD
PITCH
The pitch of a note is how high or low it sounds
SYNCOPATION
DELIBERATE UPSET OF METER OR BEAT THROUGH A SHIFTING OF ACCENTS
INTERVAL
DISTANCE BETWEEN ANY 2 TONES AND CAN OCCUR ONE NOTE AFTER ANOTHER MELODIC
Pentatonic Scale
A five-note pentatonic scale
SCALE AND DIFFERENT PARTS OF A SCALE
PITCHES ARRANGED IN ASCENDING OR DESCENDING ORDER

1. DIATONIC
2. CHROMATIC
DIATONIC
MELODIES AND HARMONIES BUILT FROM THE TONES OF A MAJOR OR MINOR
MAJOR
SCALE RAISED 1/2 STEP ON THE 3RD DEGREE
MINOR
SCALED LOWED 1/2 STEP ON THE 3RD DEGREE
CHROMATIC
FULL GAMUT (RANGE) OF NOTES AVAILABLE IN THE OCTAVE
CHORD
3 OR MORE TONES SOUNDED TOGETHER, BULT FROM A PARTICULAR SCALE OR SEQUENCE OF PITCHES.
TRIAD
3 PITCHES BUILT ON ALTERNATE TONES OF THE SCALE 1-3-5 OR DO-ME-SO
TONIC OR KEYNOTE
THE 1ST TONE OF THE SCALE - DO REVOLES AROUND 1ST TONE.
TONALITY
ARRANGEMENT AROUND A TONIC - 1ST AND 8TH NOTE
MODALITY
ANYTHING BETWEEN THE 1ST AND 8TH NOTES OF THE TONALITY
PARTS OF MUSICAL TEXTURE
HOW IT IS WOVEN TOGETHER, WHAT IS GOING ON AT THE SAME TIME.

vertical and horizontal character of music

the thickness or thinness of musical sounds.
A MUSICAL VOICE
A musical voice consists of one melodic or harmonic part
TYPES OF MUSICAL TEXTURE
MONPHONIC
HOMOPHONIC
POLYPHONIC
MONOPHONIC
ONE MELODIC LINE, NO HARMONY OR COUNTERPOINT YOU CAN HAVE RHYTHM BUT ONLY ONE LINE WITH A SPECIFIC PITCH.
POLYPHONIC
2 OR MORE INDEPENDENT MELODIES ACCURING AT THE SAME TIME. ALSO CALLED COUNTERPOINT
PARTS OF POLYPHONIC
IMITATION
CANON
INVERSION
RETROGRADE
RETROGRADE-INVERSION
AUGMENTATION
DIMINUTION
IMITATION
MELODY IS STARTED IN ONE VOICE AND RESTARED IN ANOTHER, EACH CONTINUING AS THE OTHER ENDS
CANON
DIFFERENT VOICES OR INSTRUMENT SINGING OR PLAYING SAME MELODY WITH NO CHANGES AT DIFFERENT TIMES.
INVERSION
IS UP-SIDE DOWN
RETROGRADE
BACKWARDS
RETROGRAD-INVERSION
BACKWARDS AND UP AND DOWN
AUGMENTATION
MAKE BIGGER - DR. LARGO (REFERS TO RHYTHM)
DIMINUTION
MAKE SMALLER
HOMOPHONIC
HAS ONE MELODIC LINE THAT DRAWS YOUR ATTENDING AND OTHER PARTS PROVIDE ACCOMPANMENT: EXAMPLE BARBER SHOP MUSIC
STURCTURE OF FORM
REPETITION
CONTRASTS
VARIATION
FORM
ARRANGMENT IN MUSIC
REPETITION
FIXES MATERIAL IN OUR MINDS-SATISFIES NEED FOR FARMILIAR
CONTRASTS
STIMULATES INTEREST AND NEED FOR CHANGE.
VARIATION
FALLS BETWEEN REPITITION AND CONTRAST
ELEMENTS OF FORM
THEME
SEQUENCE
MOTIVE
MOVEMENTS
THEME

A. DEVELOPMENT
BUILDING IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF MUSIC

A. STRUCTURE RESHAPING OF THE THEME
SEQUENCE
RESTATEMENT OF A IDEA OR MOTIVE AT A DIFFERENT PITCH LEVEL
MOTIVE
SHORT MELODIC OR RHYTHM IDEA, SMALLEST FRAGMENT OF A THEME THAT HAS MELODY OR RHYTHM
MOVEMENT
COMPLETE, SELF CONTAINED PART WITHIN A LARGER PART
KINDS OF FORM
1. 2 PART FORM (A-B) WITH EACH SECTION REPEATING
2. TENRARY FORM (ABC) 3 PART FORM BASED ON A STATEMENT
3. RONDO FORM FIRST SECTION REACURRS LAST MOVEMENT IN VARIOUS FORMS
4. SONATO-ALLEGRO FORM = OPEINING MOVEMENT OF A MULTI-MOVEMENT CYCLE
5. THEME AND VARIATIONS = A THEME IS STATED AND THEM ALTERED IN SUCCESSIVE STATEMENTS
STRUCTURE OF TEMPO
MARKINGS
CHANGE IN TEMPO
TEMPO MARKINGS
LARGO = BROAD, VERY SLOW
ADAGIO = QUITE SLOW
ANDANTE=MODERATELY SLOW, WALKING PACE
ALLEGRO = HAST CHEERFUL
CHANGE IN TMEPO
ACCELERANDO = GETTING FASTER
RITARDANDO = HOLDING BACK GETTING SLOWING
A TEMPO= RETURN TO PREVIOUS TEMPO
DYNAMIC MARKINGS BASED ON ITALIAN WORDS
PIANO = SOFT (P)
FORTE = LOUD (f)
CHANGE IN DYNAMICS
CRESCENDO = GROWING LOUDER
DECRESCENDO = " " SOFTER
SFORZANDO = SUDDEN STRESS OR ACCENT ON A SIGNAL NOT ON CHORD
COUNTERPOINT
INDEPENDENT MELODIC LINE
EXAMPLE OF MONOPHIC
ONE PERSON WHISTLING
A SINGLE BUGLE SOUNDING (TAPS)
A GROUP OF PEOPLE SIGNING A SONG TOGETHER WITHIN HARMONIES
A FIFE&DRUM CORPS WITH ALL FIFE PLANING OR FLUTE
aCCOMPANIMENT
ALL PART OF MUSIC THAT IS NOT MELODY
KEY
THE TONIC NOTE
GAMUT
A SERIES OF RECONIZED NOTES
ACTAVE
A TONE THAT IS E DIATONIC DEGREES ABOVE OR BELOW ANOTHER GIVEN TONE
ADDITIVE METER
IRREGULAR # OF BEATS THAT ADD UP TO A LARGER PATTERN
TEXTURE
INTERWEAVING OF MELODY (HORIZONTAL) AND HARMONY (VERTICAL) ELEMENTS OF MUSIC.
ON-BEAT

OFF-BEAT
FEET ON FLOOR

OFF FLOOR
SPIRITUAL
FOLK MUSIC OR WORD OF MOUTH
SYNCOPATION
ACCURANCE OF ACCENTS AT UNEXPECTED PLACES (WEEK OR IN BETWEEN BEETS)
SCOTT JOPLIN
1ST AFRICAN AMERICAN COMPOSER - RAGE-TIME

NO 0'S IN MUSIC
INSTUMENTS OF AN ORCHESTRA
STRING
WOODWINDS
BRASS
PERCUSSION - HAVE TO HIT OR SHAKE
STRING INSTRUMENTS
VIOLING
CELLO
STRING BASS
WOODWINDS
FLUTE
PICCOLO
CLARINET
BRASS
TRUMPET
TRUMBONE
FRENCH HORN
BARITONE HORN
TUBA
PERCUSSION
MARIMBA
VIBRAPHONE
ZYLOPHONE
CHIMES
DRUM
TRIANGLE
CYMBOLS
INSTRUMENTS THAT MAKE A NOISE BUT CAN NOT MAKE A MELODY ON IT
DRUM
TRIANLE
CYMBALS
MODE
SEQUENCE OF NOTE (MAJOR OR MINOR)
what need to be present to get melody
pitches
succession
seccession
a following of note in order of time or place, or a series of notes in sequence
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