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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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Anacrusis
incomplete measure
antiphonal
echoing back and forth
beat
steady pulse
binary
2 parts (AB)
conjunct
in steps
consonance
stable tone
disjunct
in leaps
dissonance
unstable tone
homophonic
1 melody with accompaniment
legato
connected tones
meter
pattern of strong and weak beats
monophonic
1 sound
noise
irregular vibrations
polyphonic
more than 1 melody or same melody in a round
rhythm
action of music in time
staccato
separated tones
tempo
speed of the beat
ternary
ABA finish on A
timbre
tone color
tone
regular, continuous vibrations
Compare Motets and Magrigals
Motet: choirs, special music to enhance worship, 1 movement, men, words from Bible or religious poetry

Madrigal: secular music, sing from book on table for fun, not as difficult (amateurs), men and women, nonsense syllables

Both: vernacular, polyphonic, a cappella, Renaissance, word painting, modal tonality
fast/slow/moderate:

largo
grave
adagio
andante
moderato
allegretto
allegro
allegromolto
vivace
presto
prestissimo
slow slow slow moderate moderate moderate fast fast fast fast fast
list dynamics in order from softest to loudest
pp, p, mp, mf, f, ff
voices, highest to lowest:
soprano, mezzosoprano, alto, tenor, baritone, bass
Italian priest, composer, conductor, and violinist. Basically, he invented the solo concerto
Vivaldi
This German composer, famous for his Italian operas and English oratorios, lived much of his life in England.
Handel
This composer was also a poet, the author of treatises on theology, science, and medicine, and wrote the earliest known morality play in addition to her first calling in life- serving as a "bride of Christ."
Hildegard
This Italian violin virtuoso wrote only instrumental music.
Corelli
This French composer wrote the earliest polyphonic setting of the Mass Ordinary
Machaut
nephew of the famous organist at St. Mark's Cathedral in Venice, this composer is the first to include dynamics indicators in his compositions.
G. Gabrieli
Italian composer of the first operatic masterpiece.
Monteverdi
This German church musician composed masterpieces of every Baroque for EXCEPT opera. Acclaimed as a virtuoso organist, his compositions were not famous until generations after his death.
Johann Sebastian Bach
Italian Renaissance composer who wrote only sacred music. His 104 masses were models for the music of the Catholic Counter-Reformation and form the basis for first-year collegiate music theory studies
Palestrina
Consecutive choirmasters at Notre Dame, these two priests were the first to use measured rhythm
Leonin and Perotin
This English composer wrote only one opera, (Dido and Aeneas), but it was a masterpiece, as were his other compositions. In fact, he was considered a master at all the Baroque forms.
Purcell
name the 5 movements of the Mass Ordinary:
Kyrie
Gloria
Agnus Dei
Credo
Sanctus
four properties of tone:
pitch-- degree of highness/ lowness
duration-- length of tone
volume-- degree of loudness
timbre--tone color
difference between cantata and sonata?
sonata--to be sounded, instrumental piece

cantata--vocal piece
melismatic
1 syllable--many notes
syllabic
1 syllable--one note
cantus firmus
low, stretched out gregorian chants
ostinato
little patterns repeated over and over (low)
Medieval/Middle Ages
modal, Latin, male, a cappella, monophonic, melismatic

Dies Irae, Hildegard
difference between cantata and sonata?
sonata--to be sounded, instrumental piece

cantata--vocal piece
Renaissance
polyphonic with harmonic function, a cappella (age of), no more cantus firmus, syllabic and melismatic

As Vesta was descending, Josquin
School of Notre Dame
triple meter, polyphonic, cantus firmus

sacred music of Notre Dame Cathedrale, Leonin and Perotin
Venetian School
composers indicate volume for first time, music written for instruments for first time, polychoral, antiphonal

Sonate pian'e forte, A & G Gabrieli
Ars Nova
polyphonic, mass ordinary, dissonance, secular and sacred music of equal importance, not for glory of God, duple meter

L'Homme Armé, Machaut
Baroque
subdivide time, terraced dynamics, affections, opera, Major and minor, string family, drama, sequence

Dido's Lament, Purcell
Medieval/ Middle Ages
modal, Latin, male, a cappella, monophonic, melismatic

Dies Irae, Hildegard
melismatic
1 syllable--many notes
syllabic
i syllable--one note
cantus firmus
low, stretched out gregorian chants
ostinato
little patterns repeated over and over (low)