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43 Cards in this Set

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Energy
Energy is your zest for working, playing, loving—living. It is the biological power or force within you—your physical capacity for living and your mental attitude toward your capacity for living. (Kuntzleman, 1981, p. ix).
Energy in practical terms
In practical terms, you have “energy” if you can get through your working day with enough resources to meet unexpected demands, and still enjoy life.
Building blocks of energy
1. fitness and exercise
2. diet and nutrition
3. rest and relaxation
aerobic exercise
“with oxygen,” is any activity that causes the participant to maintain a pulse rate in excess of 100 beats per minute for 20 minutes or more
minimum weekly exercise requirement
to achieve optimum aerobic effect is 20 to 30 minutes of exercise at least three times per week
Rule for exercise as well as singing
Always listen to your body
Do’s of Vocal Health
1. Consume a variety of nutritious foods, beverages, and vitamins.
2. Attain and maintain physical fitness with regular aerobic and muscle-toning workouts
3. Obtain sufficient rest, sleep, and recreation
4. Maintain a humid living environment (40-50 percent humidity).
5. Maintain body hydration by drinking 7 to 9 glasses of liquids daily.
6. Use efficient vocal technique in speech and singing.
7. Use the voice judiciously.
8. Wash hands frequently.
Don’ts of Vocal Health
1. Inhale or ingest harmful substances such as alcohol, recreational drugs, tobacco, polluted air, and too much caffeine.
2. Pursue an overly stressful lifestyle.
3. Make physical contact with persons who have contagious diseases.
4. Work or live in noisy, polluted environments.
5. Speak too much or too loudly, especially in noisy environments.
6. Scream or clear the throat too much.
7. Use over-the-counter preparations for colds and allergies, especially antihistamines.
Rest, and Relaxation
1. Create mission statement.
2. Consult people good in what you want to know about
3. Take time for you
4. Relaxation techniques
Dehydration
1. Coffee (caffeine) dehydrates
2. Drink 7 to 9 glasses of liquids daily
What to do when you have pain when singing
Re-evaluate
Treble clef lines
EGBDF
Every Good Boy Does Fine
Treble clef spaces
FACE
Bass clef lines
GBDFA
Good Boys Do Fine Always
Bass clef spaces
ACEG
All Cows Eat Grass
Whole note rest
rectangle under line
Half note rest
rectangle over line
Same notes connected by a bow line
tie
Different notes connected by a bow line
slur
legato-smoothly or connected
legato
smoothly or connected
staccato
dots underneath or above
short or detached
meter
1. Used to indicate regular rhythmic pulses (beats) in each measure
2. Placed beginning of song or any measure where the meter changes
meter top number
Tells how many kind of notes there are 3/4 says there are three quarter notes
bottom number of meter
Bottom tells what kind of note. 3/4 says they are quarter notes.
tempo
speed
largo
slow
moderato
moderate
allegro
fast
presto
very fast
Pitch
refers to the location of a musical sound in the tonal scale
Key signatures
used to notate the tonal scale or the arrangement of pitches upon which music is constructed
flat
goes down a half step
sharp
goes up a half step
Key of F
F is the tonic
has a b-flat
accidental
A note that is marked with a flat or sharp that is not part of the scale.
Only holds for the measure unless marked again in next measure.
Component study
1. Text
2. Rhythm, meter, and tempo
3. Melody
4. Form
5. Voice
6. Harmony
7. Dynamics and musical articulation
Song form, most common ones
1. Strophic
2. Two part (binary or AB)
3. Three part (ternary or ABA)
4. Through-composed
Song form - strophic
All stanzas of a text are set to the same music, as found in folk songs and hymns.
Song form – two part (binary or AB)
Two principal contrasting sections that are mutually dependent, form a complete musical idea, and may be repeated.
Song form - three part (ternary or ABA)
Three principal sections, the first (A) and third (A prime) essentially the same musical idea but often modified. The da capo aria may also be considered a three-part form.
Song form - through-composed
New music is used for each stanza throughout the composition.
Dynamics
volume
Phrasing
where we breathe, where we don't