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15 Cards in this Set

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Scapula
A flat bone that is the most proximal bone of the forelimb. The thin, bony ridge found on its lateral surface is referred to a the spine of the scapula. The distal end of the scapula articulates with the humerus to form the shoulder joint.
Humerus
A long bone of the proximal forelimb (i.e., brachium). The proximal end of the humerus articulates with the scapula to form the shoulder joint. The distal end of the humerus articulates with the radius and ulna bones to form the elbow joint.
Radius
A long bone of the forelimb (i.e.,antebrachium). The radius lies on the cranial aspect of the antebrachium. The proximal end of the radius articulates with the humerus to form, in, part, the elbow joint. The distal end of the radius articulates with the bones of the carpus.
Ulna.
A long bone of the antebrachium. The ulna lies on the caudal aspect of the antebrachium. The proximal end of the ulna articulates with the humerus to form, in part, the elbow joint. On the caudal aspect of its proximal end, the ulna has a large, bony protuberance or process, the olecranon which forms the point of the elbow. The distal end of the ulna articulates with the bones of the carpas.
Carpus
A joint of the distal forelimb. It is composed of numerous small, short bones. The proximal border of the carpus articulates with the radius and ulna.
Phalanx
A small bone of the foot. Each digit is composed of three phalanges.
Femur
A long bone of the proximal hindlimb (i.e., thigh). The proximal end of trhe femur articulates with the pelvis to form the hip. On the lateral aspect of the proximal femur is a large, bony protuberance called the greater trochanter. The distal end of the femur articulates with the tibia to form the stifle joint.
Tibia
A long bone of the hindlimb (i.e., crus). The proximal end of the tibia articulates with the femur to form the stifle joint. The distal end of the tibia articulates with the tarsus.
Fibula
A thin, long bone of the crus. It lies lateral to the tibia. The proximal end of the fibula, in most domestic animals, falls just short of the stifle joint.
The distal end of the fibula articulates with the tarsus.
Tarsus
A joint of the distal hindlimb. It is composed of numerous, small, short bones. The proximal border of the tarsus articulates with the tibia and fibula.
Fissured fracture
An incomplete break, parallel to the longitudinal axis of the bone.
Greenstick fracture
An incomplete break, involving predominantly one side of the bone, created by a bending force. It was so named because of the way it resembles the breakage of a young, supple, green twig.
Transverse fracture
A complete break that occures perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the bone.
Comminuted fracture
A complete break that results in numerous bony fragments.
Oblique fracture
A complete break that occurs at an angle oblique to the longitudinal axis of the bone.