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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ribs
12 bones that create the shape of the thoracic cavity
scapula
2 large triangular shaped bones that are also called the sholder blades
tendon
strong fibrous band of tissue
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
a blood test that measures the rate at which erythrocytes settles to the bottom of a test tube filled with unclotted blood
pelvis
the bony structure formed by the hip bones, the sacrum, and the coccyx
lei/o
smooth
oblique
the x-rays are taken from different angles
osteoarthritis
the most common form of arthritis and results from wear and tear on the joints
communuted fracture
hen the force is so great that it splinters or crushes a segment of the bone
arthrocentesis
the surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis
-vertebr/o
vertebra
cost/o
rib
rhabd/o
striated
sprain
an injury involving the ligaments that surround and support a joint, caused by a wrenching or twisting motion
humerus
the upper arm bone
ulna
one of the two lower arm bones located on the little finger side of the arm
x-rays
high energy electromagnetic waves that travel in straight lines and have shorter wavelength than visible light
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
arthroplasty
the surgical repair of a joint
ten/o
tendon
cranium
pertaining to the skull or head
vertebra
24 bones that make up the vertebral column or the spine
skeletal muscles
attach to the bones of the skeleton
rheumatoid arthritis
a chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body
arthr/o
joint
greenstick fracture
a break that does not extend through the entire thickness of the bone; one side of the bone is broken and the other side is bent
phalanges
the bones of the fingers
bunion
an abnormal enlargement of a joint at the base of the great toe
dislocation
the displacement of a bone from its normal location within a joint, causing loss of function of the joint
femor/o
femur
osteoporosis
porous bones
smooth muscles
are found in the walls of hollow organs and tubes
cardiac muscles
a specialized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart
radius
one of the two lower arm bones on the thumb side of the arm
arthrogram
test of an arthritis joint
fibula
the slender of the two lower leg bones
RLE
right lower extremity
sternum
breastbone located between the ribs
clavicle or collerbone
a slender bone with two shallow curves that help to support the shoulder by connecting laterally to the scapula
RUE
right upper extremity
tendin/o
tendon
LLE
left lower extremity
maxill/o
maxilla
ligament
connective tissue bands that join bone to bone, offering support to the joint
femur
the thigh bone which is the longest, heaviest, and strongest bone in the body
supra-
above
arthroscopy
the visualization of the interior of a joint using an endoscope
mandibul/o
mandible
inter-
between
spondy/o
vertebra
maxilla
upper jaw bone
-porosis
lessening in density
T1, T2, etc.
thoracic vertebrae 1, 2, etc.
rheumatoid factor
a blood test that measures the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a number of connective tissue diseases
LUE
left upper extremity
ligament/o
ligament
crani/o
skull
L1, L2, etc.
lumbar vertebrae 1, 2, etc.
oste/o
bone
tibia
the larger and stronger of the two lower leg bones located on the big toe side of the leg
cephal/o
head
patella
the knee bone or kneecap
mandible
jaw bone
pelv/o
pelvis
muscul/o
muscle
my/o
muscle
transverse plane
any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes, dividing the body into superior and inferior
C1, C2, etc.
cervical vertebrae 1,2,etc.
bone density
important in providing gelpful info reguarding treatment and prevention of osteoporosis