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18 Cards in this Set

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Muscles in the group that oppose the action of the prime movers and that must be relaxed so that movement can take place.
Antagonists
Flat, thin, fibrous sheet of connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone or other tissues at their origin or insertion.
Aponeurosis
Wasting away (degeneration)
Atrophy
Sac or cavity lined with a synovial membrane & filled with synovial fluid that reduces friction between tendon & bone, tendon & ligament, or between other structures where friction is likely to occur
Bursa
Outermost sheath of connective tissue which surrounds a skeletal muscle
Epimysium (fascia)
Lacking tone in muscle; flabby
Flaccid
Increase in size of an organ or structure
Hypertrophy
within a muscle
Intramuscular
Independent of the will
Involuntary
A band of strong, fibrous connective tissue connecting the articular ends of bones serving to bind them together and to facilitate or limit motion. ~ 6 month healing time,
Ligament
An involuntary, abnormal muscular contraction.
Muscle Spasm
System of the human body involving muscles and their attachments that work with the skeletal system to produce movement.
Muscular System
Loss of power to contract after prolonged periods of muscle contraction.
Muscle Fatigue
The study of muscles
The study of muscles
Muscles that are responsible for prime action. Remember that muscles usually function in groups.
Prime Movers
Muscles that assist the prime movers by stabilizing the joint.
Synergists
A tough cord of dense, white connective tissue that attaches a muscle to another part, and that transmits the force that the muscle exerts. They attach muscle to bone - specifically to the periosteum of the bone
Tendon
You control it of your own free will. The opposite of Involuntary.
Voluntary