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83 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a/taxia
a lack of muscle coordination
a/
lack of
-taxia
order
a/trophy
a lack of nourishment; wasting of muscular tissue that may be caused by lack of use
-trophy
nourishment/development
brach/i/algia
pain in the arm
brach/i
arm
-algia
pain
brady/kinesia
slowness of motion or movement
brady
slow
-kinesia
motion
clon/ic
pertaining to alternate contraction and relaxation of muscles
clon/
turmoil
-ic
pertaining to
con/trac/ture
a condition in which a muscle shortens and renders the muscle resistant to normal stretchin
con/
with/together
tract/
to draw
-ure
process
dactyl/o/spasm
cramp of a finger or a toe
dactyl/o
finger or toe
-spasm
tension/spasm
dys/ton/ia
a condition of impaired muscle tone
dys
difficult
ton/
tone/tension
-ia
codition
dys/trophy
faulty muscular development caused by lack of nourishment
dys
difficult
-trophy
nourishment/development
fasc/ia
a thin layer of connective tissue covering supporting or connecting muscles or inner organs
fasc/
a bad
-ia
condition
fatigue
a state of tiredness or weariness in a muscle as the result of repeated contraction
fibr/o/my/algia
a condition w/ widespread muscular pain and debilitating fatigue
fibr/o
fiber
my
muscle
-algia
pain
flaccid
lacking muscle tone
intra/muscul/ar
pertaining to w/in a muscle
IM
intramuscular
intra
into
muscl
muscle
-ar
pertaining to
massage
knead, apply pressure and friction to tissue
muscular dystrophy
a chronic progressive wasting and weakening of the muscles
my/algia
pain in the muscle
my/itis
inflammation in the muscle
my
muslce
-itis
inflammation
my/o/fibr/oma
tumor containing muscle fiber
fibr
fiber
-oma
tumor
my/oma
tumor that contains muscle tissue
my/o/malacia
softening of the muscle
-malacia
softening
my/o/pathy
disease of the muscle
-pathy
disease
my/o
muscle
my/o/rrhaphy
surgical suture of a muscle wound
-rraphy
surgical suture
my/o/sarc/oma
malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue
sarc/
flesh
my/o/scler/osis
a condition of hardening of the muscle
scler/
hardening
-osis
condition of
prosth/e/sis
an artificial device, organ or part
prosth/e
an addition
-sis
condition of
stern/o/cleid/o/mast/oid
muscle arising from the sternum and clavicle w/ its insertion in the mastoid process
ster/o
sternum
cleid/o
clavicle
mast
breast
-oid
resemble
ten/o/dynia
pain in a tendon
ten/o
tendon
-dynia
pain
tort/i/collis
stiff neck
tort/i
twist
-collis
neck
lithotomy
pt on back w/ lower extremities flexed/ feet placed in stirrups
lithotomy used in
vaginal exams
Trendelenburg
pt body supine on bed or tilted exam table at 45 degree angle - head lower that feet
Trendelenburg used to
displace abdominal organs during surgery and used in pts with cardiovascular shock
Trendelenburg is also called
the shock position