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57 Cards in this Set

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Study of Muscles
myology
Called involuntary or unstriated muscle
Smooth
Called involuntary unstriated muscle
Cardiac
Called voluntary or skeletal muscle
Striated
Muscle that makes up the flesh or meat of domestic animals
Skeletal
Cell membrane sheath covering muscle cell
Mylein
Fat between muscle bundles
Marbling
Relaxed muscle has a very (low / high)level of Ca as well as a high level of (blank)
High, ATP
A neurotransmitter needed for muscle contractions
Acetylcholine
Color of muscle which preforms sustained and continuous work
Red
Flat sheets of tendon found covering the muscles of the loin
Sarcolemma
Least movable attachment of muscle to bone
Origin
A muscle located on the side of the limb toward which the joint bends in decreasing the angle between segments
Flexor
Muscles that tend to pull a limb toward the median plane
Adductors
Muscles that surround an opening
Sphincter
General Term - Muscles that are responsible for movement of the skin
Cutaneous
The resistance of a muscle to stretch
Tone
Smooth muscle found in the iris and ciliary body of the eye
Orbicular oculi
Hormone which inhibits peristalsis
Epinephrine
Another name for High Mountain Disease
Brisket Disease - animals
Athlete's heart - humans
Modified muscle fibers confined to ventricles of mammalian hearts
Purkinje fibers
Condition occurs when insufficient relaxation periods occur
Tetany
Muscle contraction where muscle operates against an immovable resistance
Isometric
The muscle antagonistic to the biceps brachii
Triceps brachii
Another name for milk teeth
Temporary
The three types of teeth according to their manner of growth
true teeth
constantly growing
constantly erupting
Cutting teeth
Incisors
Tearing or seizing teeth
Canines
Grinding or shearing teeth
Pre-molars
Molars
Part of the tooth which is found at the gum line
Neck
Part of tooth which protrudes above the gums line
Crown
Part of the tooth embedded in the tooth socket
Root
Central cavity found in tooth
Pulp-cavity
Hardest tissue in body
Enamel
Forms the bulk of most teeth
Dentine
Soft gelatinous tissue in center of tooth
Pulp
Three principle pairs of salivary glands
Parotid
Sub-maxillary
Sub-lingual
Forms the roof of the mouth
Hard palate
Condition occasionally in young horses. It is not a disease, nut a passing inflammation of the mucosa covering the hard palate during eruption of the permanent incisor teeth
Lampers
Common passageway for food and air
Pharynx
Another name for auditory tudes
Eustachian
In the act of swallowing, the (blank) prevents food or saliva from going down the (blank)
epiglottis
trachea
Protrusion of the stomach above the diaphragm
hiatal hernia
The three sections of the simple stomach, in order (cranial to caudal)
Cardia
Fundus
Pylorus
The four (4) layers of tissue in the wall of the simple stomach in order from OUT to IN
Serosa
Muscularis
Submucosa
Mucosa
Chicken Stomach - Cranial to Caudal
Esophagus
Crop
Proventriculus
Gizzard
Pancreas
Liver
Small Intestines
Ceca
Colon
Cloaca
Vent
Horse Stomach - Cranial to Caudal - functioning cecum
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestines
Cecum
Large Intestines
Colon
Rectum
Ruminant Stomach - Cranial to Caudal - cattle
Esophagus
Rumen
Reticulum
Omasum
Abomasum
Small Intestines
Cecum
Large Intestines
Colon
Rectum
Simple Stomach - Cranial to Caudal - pigs, rats, humans
Esophagus
Stomach
Small Intestines
Large Intestines
Cecum
Colon
Rectum
Four (4) parts to the ruminant stomach in order
Rumen
Reticulum
Omasum
Abomasum
Called the paunch
Rumen
Called the true stomach
Abomasum
Called the manypiles or bible stomach
Omasum
Called the honeycomb
Reticulum
The three (3) sections of the small intestines in order
Duodenum
Jejunum
Ileum
The location of hardware's disease
Reticulum
Teh enzyme secreted by the crypts of Lieberkuhn which activated the pancreatic secretion of trypsinogen and amylase
Enterokinase