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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cricopharyngeus
Origin: Lateral Surface of Cricoid Cartilage
Insertion: Median Dorsal Raphae of Laryngopharynx
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Pharyngeal Constrictor
Classification: Pharyngeal Wall Muscle
Thyropharyngeus
Origin: Lateral Side of Thyroid Lamina
Insertion: Medial Dorsal Raphe of Pharynx
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Pharyngeal Constrictor
Classification: Pharyngeal Wall Muscle
Hyopharyngeus
Origin: Lateral Surface of Thyrohyoid Bone and Ceratohyoid Bone
Insertion: Median Dorsal Raphe of Pharynx
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Pharyngeal Constrictor
Classification: Pharyngeal Wall Muscle
Palatopharyngeus
Origin: Soft Palate
Insertion: Lateral and Dorsal Wall of Pharynx
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Closes Palatopharyngeal Arch
Classification: Pharyngeal Wall Muscle
Pterygopharyngeus
Origin: Pterygoid Bone
Insertion: Dorsal Wall of Pharynx
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Shortens Pharynx
Classification: Pharyngeal Wall Muscle
Stylopharyngeus
Origin: Stylohyoid Bone
Insertion: Dorsolateral Wall of Pharynx
Innervation: Branch of Glossopharyngeal Nerve (IX)
Function: Dilates Pharynx
Classification: Pharyngeal Wall Muscle
Levator Veli Palatini
Origin: Tympanic Part of Temporal Bone
Insertion: Soft Palate (Caudal to Pterygoid Bone)
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Raises Caudal End of Soft Palate (During Swallowing)
Classification: Soft Palate Muscle
Tensor Veli Palatini
Origin: Cartilaginous Wall of Auditory Tube
Insertion: Pterygoid Bone and Medial Soft Palate
Innervation: Vagus Nerve (X)
Function: Tenses Soft Palate
Classification: Soft Palate Muscle
Styloglossus
Origin: Stylohyoid Bone
Insertion: Middle of Tongue
Innervation: Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
Function: Pulls Tongue Back and Raises It
Classification: Extrinsic Muscle of the Tonge
Genioglossus
Origin: Mandibular Symphysis
Insertion: Lingual Frenulum (Rostral to Caudal)
Innervation: Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
Function: Creates a Depression in Tongue Which Allows Dog to Lap Water
Classification: Extrinsic muscle of the Tongue
Hyoglossus
Origin: Basihyoid Bone
Insertion: Root of Tongue
Innervation: Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
Function: Pulls Tongue into Oral Cavity, Depresses Tongue
Classification: Extrinsic Muscle of the Tongue
Geniohyoideus
Origin: Rostral Mandible
Insertion: Basihyoid Bone
Innervation: Hypoglossal Nerve (XII)
Function: Pulls Hyoid Apparatus and Layrnx Rostrally
Classification: Hyoid Muscle
Mylohyoideus
Origin: Medial Body of Mandible
Insertion: Midventral Raphae of Intermandibular Space and Caudally on Basihyoid Bone
Innervation: Mandibular Branch of Trigeminal Nerve (V)
Function: Creates Ventral Floor of Oral Cavity and Pushes Tongue Up During Swallowing (Not an Extrinsic Muscle of Tongue)
Classification: Hyoid Muscle
Sternohyoideus
Origin: Sternum and 1st Costal Cartilage
Insertion: Basihyoid Bone
Innervation: Spinal Accessory Nerve (IX)
Function: Pull Hyoid and Larynx Caudally
Classification: Hyoid Muscle
Sternothyroideus
Origin: Sternum and 1st Costal Cartilage
Insertion: Thyroid cartilage
Innervation: Spinal Accessory Nerve (IX)
Function: Pull Hyoid and Larynx Caudally
Classification: Hyoid Muscle