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213 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following muscles not found on the anterior abdominal wall:
External Oblique
Internal Oblique
Quadratus Lumborum
Transversus Abdominis
Quadratus Lumborum
Which of the following muscles does not originate on the scapula:
Infraspinatus
Pectoralis Major
Subscapularis
Supraspinatus
Pectoralis Major
Which of the following muscles inserts on the radial tuberosity and bicipital aponeurosis:
Biceps Brachii
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
Coracobrachialis
Biceps Brachii
What is a major innervation of the trapezius
Accessory (cranial nerve XI)
Which of the following muscles crosses two joints:
Brachialis
Brachioradialis
Coracobrachialis
Biceps Brachii
Biceps Brachii
Where does the Triceps Brachii insert
Olecranon of the ulna
Which of the following mucles does not attach to the scapula:
Deltoideus
Latissimus Dorsi
Pectoralis Minor
Teres Major
Latissimus Dorsi
Contraction of the diaphragm causes it to move
Inferiorly
Most Muscles of facial expressions are innervated by
Cranial nerve VII (facial)
Which of the follwing muscles does not insert on the greater tubercle oft the humerus:
Infraspinatus
Supraspinatus
Teres Major
Teres Minor
Teres Major
Which of the following muscles does not adduct the scapula:
Rhomboideus Major
Rhomboideus Minor
Serratus Anteriior
Trapezius
Serratus Anterior
Which Muscles can laterally Rotate the arm:
Latissimus Doris
Pectroalis Major
Subscapulairs
Teres Minor
Teres Minor
The primary actijon of iliopsoas is
Flexion
Peroneus Longus and Peroneus brevis cause:
Plantar Flexion and Eversion
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
Flexes and adducts
Which muscle is antagonistic to serratus anterior:
Anconeus
Biceps brachii
Latissimus Dorsi
Triceps Brachii
Triceps Brachii
The main muscle which, when contracted, abducts the arm:
Biceps Brachii
Brachioradialis
Deltoid
Triceps Brachii
Deltoid
The muscle that is named for its shape is:
Biceps Brachii
Depressor Anguli Oris
Sternocleidomastoid
Trapezius
Trapezius
An abdominal muscle that does not move the verterbral column is:
Rectus abdominins
Transversus Abdominis
External Oblique
Quadratus Lumborum
Transversus Abdominis
Pectroralis Major
Flexes
Adducts
Medially rotates the arm
(F.A.R.M muscle)
Which muscle assists the agonist:
Antagoinst
Prime mover
Synergist
Activator
Synergist
Which muscle does not extend the knee;
Rectus femoris
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Posterior
Vastus Posterior
Biceps Brachii inserts on the
Radius
Quadratus Lumborum
Bends the vertebral column laterally
Psoas major is innervated by _____ nerve
Lumbar
The muscle that belongs to hamstrings is:
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Intermedius
Biceps Femoris
Quadriceps Femoris
Biceps Femoris
Which of the follwing muscles is not part of quadriceps femoris:
Rectus Femoris
Biceps Femoris
Vastus Medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Biceps Femoris
Muscles used to elevate the ribs during inspiration:
External intercostals
Exteranl Obliques
Internal Intercostals
Omohyoids
External Intercostals
Which is not an attachment for a shoulder muscle:
Subscapular Fossa
Infrascapular Fossa
Suprascapular Fossa
Coronoid Fossa
Coronoid Fossa
Which muscle flexes the leg and extends the thigh:
Rectus Femoris
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Lateralis
Biceps Femoris
Biceps Femoris
Weak SCM and trapezius muscles indicate damage to which nerve:
Accessory (CN XI)
Which of the following muscles medially rotates the arm:
Infaspinatus
Teres Minor
Pectoralis Major
Pectoralis Major
Which muscle is not part of the rotator cuff:
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Subscapularis
Teres Major
Teres Major
Quadriceps Femoris inserts on
Tibial Tuberosity
Which muscle casues abduction and lateral rotation of the thigh:
Gluteus Minimus
Gluteus Medius
Piriformis
Tensor Fasciae Latae
Piriformis
Which muscle flexes the thigh at the hip joint:
Vastus medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Lateralis
Rectus Femoris
Rectus Femoris
Which muscle from the posterior compartment assist in plantarflexion of the foot:
Tibialis Anterior
Soleus
Peroneus Tertius
Popliteus
Soleus
A rotator of the thigh includes the:
Piriformis
Which muscle is antagonistic to serratus anterior:
Biceps Brachii
Latissimus Dorsi
Pectroalis Major
Trapezius
Trapezius
What nerve does not pass through the diaphragm
Phrenic nerve
The trochlea is loacted on the
Distal end of the humerus
Which nerves do not form plexus:
T1-T12
T2-T12
T8-T12
T5-T7
T2-T12
The two cerebral hemispheres are interconnected by
Corpus callosum
A characteristic of muscle not used in naming the muscle is the
nerves and blood vessels that lie over them
Which of the following muscles is not part of the perineum:
Bulbocavernosus (bulbospongious)
Coccygeus
ischiocavernosus
superficial transverse perineus
Coccygeus
Which muscle originates on the sacrum and iliac crest
Gluteus Maxiums
The radius articulates with all except the:
humerus
pisiform
scaphoid
ulna
Pisiform
An air filled space within a cranial cavity is called sinus
Sinus
Where do the quadriceps insert
Tibial tuberosity
Which muscle assists the agonist
Synergist
Which of the follwing is not part of the ethmoid bone:
Cribriform plate
Crista galli
middle concha
Sella turcica
Middle concha
The action of occipitalis is to
Draw the scalp backward
Which muscle elvates and retracts the mandible
Temporalis
Which muscle abducts the arm
Deltoid
Which muscle extends the forearm
Triceps Brachii
Rotators of the thigh include
Piriformis
Which muscle extends the thigh and rotates is laterally
Gluteus Maximus
Which muscle origingates on both the iliac crest and sacrum
Gluteus Maximus
Which muscle does not rotate the thigh or the hip:
Gluteus Maximus
Gluteus Medius
Gluteus Minimus
Vastus Lateralis
Vastus Lateralis
The hamstring
Flexs the leg
Quadriceps femoris is innervated by the _____ nerve
Femoral
Which muscles attaches medial to the tibial tuberosity
Sartorius
Semitendinosus
Gracilis
Semimembranosus
Which of the following muscles does not cross two joints:
Rectus Femoris
Gracilis
Sartorius
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Intermedius
The popliteal fossa is bordered laterally by the tendons of
Biceps femoris
The innervation of extensor carpi radialis longus is
Radial
The primary action of iliopsoas is
Flexion
Which muscle of facial expression is not innervated by the facial (VII) nerve
Levator palpebrae Superioris
Which muscle does not adduct the scapula:
Serratus Anterior
Trapezius
Rhomboideus Major
Rhomboideus Minor
Serratus Anterior
Which muscle has fibers surronding the opening of the mouth and inserts in the skin at the corner of the mouth
Orbicularis Oris
Muscles that have two ends and one or more bellies are classified as
Skeletal
The pelvic diaphragm consist of
Posterior abdominal muscles
The muscles of which compartment of the leg plantar flex and evert the foot
Lateral
The fingers are extended by
Extensor Digitorum
Which musce is ysed for intramuscular injection
Gluteus Medius
Which muscle of mastication depresses the mandible
Lateral pterygoid
What nerve innervates extensor hallucis longus
Deep peroneal
The exteranl intercostals cause movment of the ribs during
Inspiration
The origin of the rhomboideus major is
T2-T5
The innervation of sternocleidomastoid is
Accessory (XI) nerve
Muscles that insert into the clacaneal (achilles) tendon are all innervated by the ____ nerve
Tibial
Which muscles has an origin on the coracoid process, cause flexion of the arm, and is innervated by the musculocutaneous nerve
Biceps Brachii
Coracobrachialis
The tendon of palmairs longus lies
Superficial to extensor retinaculum
What kind of arrangement does the orbicularis oris have
Circular Arrangement
Coracobrachialis _____ and ___ the arm
Flexes
Adducts
Flexor carpi ulnaris is innervated by the ____ nerve
Ulnar
The scalene muscles may assist in deep inspiration and ____ of the neck
Flexion
Gluteus medius_____ and rotates the thigh____
Extends
Laterally
All of the following are considered hamstring muscles except:
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps Femoris
Rectus Femoris
Retus Femoris
Which of the following is considered a quadriceps muscle:
Rectus femoris
Adductor magnus
Gracilis
Biceps Femoris
Retus Femoris
Which of the following flexes leg and extends the thigh:
Vastus medialis
Vastus intermedius
Vastus lateralis
Biceps Femoris
Biceps Femoris
________ is the only quadriceps muscles that can flex the thigh and extend the leg
Rectus Femoris
In the prone position Biceps femoris does what
flexes the leg
Sartorius does what
Flexor of the thigh and also assist in flexion of the leg
A client complains of difficulty extending the knee. Which group of muscles is likely to be tense and short
Hamstring group
The psoas major has an action of flexionand rotates the thight laterally. The orgin is
Transverse process of lumbar
Which is lateral compartment muscle:
Piriformis
Gluteus Medius
Tensor Fasciae Late
Pectineus
Tensor Fasciae Late
The posterior compartment muscles all_______ rotate thigh
Laterally
What muscle flexes and adducts the wrist
Flexor carpi ulnaris
What muscle are innervated by the ulnar nerve
Flexor carpi ulnaris
What muscles orginate on the medial epicondyle of the humerus
Flexor carpi radialis
Flexor digitorum superfiscialis
Flexor carpi ulnairs
Palmairs longus
pronator teres
What muscles orginate on the lateral epicondyle
Extensor carpi radialis longus
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
Extensor Digitorium
Extensor Digitorium minimi
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
Supinator
Anconeus
What muscle extends and abducts the wrist
Extensor Carpi radialis longus
Extensor Carpi Brevis
Which muscle extends and adducts the wrist
Extensor carpi ulnaris
Which muscle could entrap the radial nerve
Supinator
Which muscles could entrap the median nerve
Pronator teres
What are the structures that go thru the carpal tunnel
Median nerve
4 tendons of flexor digitorum supericialis
4 tendons of flexor digitorum profundus
1 Flexor pollicus longus
Which muscle is the mair flexor of the neck
SCM
What are contralateral rotators
SCM
Semispinalis capitis
Multifudus
Rotators
Scalenes
What muscle laterally flexes the neck and head
Splenius capitis
Longissimis capitis
What muscle inserts on the mastoid process
SCM
Splenius capitis
Longissimis
What muscle flexes the vetrebral column and aids in defecation, urination, forced expiration and childbirth
Rectus Abdominus
This muscle laterally flexes the vertebral column and pulls the 12 rib inferiorly during forced inspiration
Quadratus Lumborum
The origin for the external oblique is
Inferior 8 ribs
What muscles function is to compress the abdomen
Transverse abdominis
Splenius Capitis and Splenius Cervicis bilaterally both extend the and ______
Lateral flex the head
Ipsilaterally Rotate
You've got your hand on the lamina groove between the transverse process and teh spinous process which muscle could you not be palpating
Iliocostalis
The splenius muscles arise
From the midline and extend laterally and superiorly to their insertion
Which muscle is deep to the other two:
Spinalis
Longissimus
Iliocostalis
Spinalis
The semispinalis capitis originates from the transverse process of T1-6 or 7 and C7 and articular process of C4,5,6 and inserts on
Occipital bone
All of the semi spinalis muscles extend the verbra column and are
Contralateral rotators
Multifidi rotatores are deep extensors of the spine and
Contraltaeral rotators
The interspinalis muscle originates from the superior surface of all spinous process to
The inferior surface of the spinous process superior
The intertransversarii are lateral flexors of the vertebral column that run from
Transverse process to transverse process superior
Anterior, middle, and posterior scalenes all
flex neck
rotate neck
assist in inspiration
Whcih scalene muscle inserts on the 2nd rib
Posterior
Which of the following is not a muscle of the face or cranium:
masseter
platysma
iliacus
portal circulation
Portal circulation
What muscle does not span two joints
Sartorius
How many of the quadriceps femoris group originates on the hip
4
The deltoid does not perform what
Elevation of the scapula
What is the insertion of the teres major muscle
Anterior humerus
The gastrocnemius muscle
flexes the knee
A muscle that increases the angle of a joint is an
extensor
What muscles attach either by origin of insertion to the scapula
Deltoid and biceps brachii
Triceps and biceps brachii
Teres major and pectoralis minor
All of the hamstring muscles originate on the
Ischial tuberosity
How many muscles can be found in the posterior femoral group
3
The most medial muscle of the femoral region would be
Adductor magnus
The antagonist for the biceps brachii would be
Triceps brachii
Anterior lower extremity muscles usually
Extend
Brachioradialis
Inserts in the styloid process of radius
Pterygoids
Aid in mastication
Rhomboid major
Retracts Scapula
Posterior Deltoid
Horizontal abduction of humerus
Supinator
Originates on the posterior arm
Brachialis
Flexes forearm in all positions
Rotator cuff muscles
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres Minor
Subscapulairs
Extensor Carpi Radialis longus
Extends
Abducts wrist
All these muscles are directly involved with movement of the scapula except:
Pectoralis Minor
Levator Scapula
Serratus Anterior
pectoralis Major
Rhomboid minor
Pectoralis Major
In flexing the arm at the elbow triceps brachii serves as
The antagonist
Which muscle does not originate on the scapula:
Teres Major
Coracobrachialis
Deltoid
Latissimus Dorsi
Latissimus Dorsi
What muscle forms the anterior axillary border
Pectoralis major
Flexors of the elbow are
Brachialis
Biceps brachii
Brachioradialis
What muscle is located on the forearm:
Extensor pollicis longus
Biceps Brachii
Extensor Hallucis longus
Extensor pollicis longus
What are two muscles that retract the scapula
Rhomboids
Middle Trapezius
When bench pressing do you use pectoralis minor
NO/ you use the pectoralis minor when doing push ups
Forceful inspiration results from contraction of
SCM
Scalenes
Strongest hip flexor
iliopsoas
Hamstrings include
Biceps femoris
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Mucles that abduct the humerus
Supraspinatus
Middle Deltoid
What muscle protracts the shoulder
Pectoralis minor
Serratus anterior
The muscle that moves the shoulder girdle is the
Subcavius
The biceps femoris flexes the leg and
is a posterior femoral muscle
Plantar flexion of the foot is achieved by all the follwoing except:
Flexor hallucis longus
Soleus
Extensor hallucis longus
Plantaris
Extensor hallucis longus
Tibialis anterior causes what action
Plantar flexion
What muscle is used when standing on your tip toes
Gastrocnemius
The gluteus maximus
Extends the femur
Which of the following opposes the adductor magnus
Sartorius
Tensor fascia latae
Gluteus minimus
Which of the following rotate the thigh:
Rotators
Piriformis
Tensor fascia latae
Piriformis
What muscle inserts on the linea aspera
Gluteus maxiums
Adductor longus
What mucle laterally rotates the thigh and abducts
Obturator internus
Leg abduction is an action of all the follwing except:
Gluteus medius
Gluteus minimus
Tensor fascia latea
Quadratus femoris
Quadratus femoris
What flexes the leg and extends the thigh
Biceps Femoris
Which of the fowllowing does not have an insertion on the ischial tuberosity:
Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps Femoris
Rectus Fermoris
Rectus femoris
Difficulty in flexing the knee may be due to weakness in which muscle
Hamstings
Which mcule laterally rotates thigh and abducts it
Piriformis
Which muscle attaches on the calcaneal tendon
Soleus
Extensor carpi radialis longus is innervated by the _____ nerve
Radial
A muscle which adducts the scapula is:
Latissimus dorsi
rhomboideus minor
pectroalis major
trapezius
Rhomboideus minor
Trapezius
The action of palmairs longus is
Flexes wrsit and tenses palmar aponeruosis
What muscle does not flex the knee:
Rectus femoris
Semitendinosus
Biceps femoris
Pectineus
Rectus femoris
Sartorius inserts on
Medial surface of the tibia
The trapezius
Inserts on the acromion process
Originates on the ligamentum nuchae
Has 5 functions
Muscles that affect breathing are
Scalene
Intercostals
Diaphragm
What muscle is the primary muscle used when the forearm extends as in hammering
Triceps brachii
The ankle is dorsiflexed by
Tibialis anterior
What muscle is involved in extension of the arm at the shoulder
Teres major
Pectoralis major
Which of the following muclesis not concerned with facial expressions:
Epicranius
Geniolossus
Buccinator
Playtsma
Geinoglossus
The prime flexor of the arm at the shoulder is
Coraacobrachialis
These are all adductors of the arm
Pectoralis Major
Teres major
Infraspinatus
Latissimus dorsi
The blink of the eyelid involves the contraction of the _____
Orbicularis oculi
What mucle extends and rotates the spine
Semispinalis
What muscle originates on the sacrum and iliac crest
Gluteus maximus
The priamry action of iliopsoas is
Flexion
Where do the quadriceps insert
Tibial tuberosity
Which of the following are not a eye muscle:
Superior oblique
Superior rectus
Interanl oblique
Lateral Rectus
Internal Oblique
The hamstrings originate on the
Ischium
The fingers are flexed by the
Flexor digitorum profundus
This muscle is the heaviest in the body
Gluteus maximus
The three muscles that protect the shoulder joint and help hold the humerus int he glenoid caivty are
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Which mucle moves the shoulder
Pectoralis minor
The thenar eminenece is part of the
Hand
In anatomical position muscles that are located on the lateral side of the body are likely to
Abduct
The medical term carpi refers to
Wrist
There are 5 muscles attach to the medial epicondyle of the humerus and their function is to
Flex
There are 6 muscles that attach on teh lateral epicondyle of teh hymerus and their function
Extend
Extensor digitorum, also attaches to lateral epicondyle and inserts on the
Medial Phalanges
Distal phalanges
The anconeus sometimes called the TACO chip is attached to the lateral epicondyle and is going to
Extend elbow
The tricep is an extensor that has three heads and crosses
2 joints
The bicep has 2 heads the long head crosses the
Shoulder joint
The actions of the biceps are
Flexion of shoulder joint
Flexion of elbow
Supination of forearm
What is the action of infraspinatus
Rotates the arm laterally
Which muscle extends the head and rotates the vertebral column
Semispinalis Capitis
What is long, staplike muscle that lies on the medial aspect of the thigh and knee
Gracilis
Which muscle has fibers surronding the mouth and inserts inteh skin at the corner of the mouth
Orbicularis oris