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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Types of Muscles
skeletal, voluntary, involuntary, striated, smooth or viceral, cardiac
Attach to the bones of the skeleton
skeletal muscles
Muscles that work under concious control
voluntary muslces
Muscles found in the walls of hollow organs and tubes such as the stomach, intestines, repiratory passageways, and blood vessels
smooth or visceral muscle
Muscle that is not under the conscious control of the individual
involuntary muscle
Muscle that forms the wall of the heart
cardiac muscle
Muscles that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope
striated muscle
The individual cells that composes skeletel muscle
muscle fiber
The thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue that hold muscle fiber together
fascia
An extension of teh fascia and partitions within the muscle; it attaches the muscle to the bone
tendon
The point of attachment of the muscle to the bone that is less movable during contraction and extension
origin
The point of attachment of the muscle to the bone that moves during contraction and extension
insertion
Muscles that move the head and neck
buccinator, temporal, masseter, sternomastoid
Muscles that move the upper extremities
trapezius, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis major, deltoid, biceps brachii, triceps brachii
Muscles that move the trunk of the body
diaphragm and the muscles of the abdomen and perineum
Muscles that move the lower extremities
gluteus maximus, gluteus medius, quadrideps femoris, hamstring, gastrocnemius, tibialis anterior
The main part of the body, to which the head and the extremities are attached
torso
Pain in the joints; symptoms associated with polymyositis
arthralgia
wasting away; literally "without development"
atrophy
Specialized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart
cardiac muscle
a reduction in sizew, especially of muscle fibers
contract / contraction
an abnormal, usually permanent bending of a joint into a fixed position; usually caused by atrophy and shortening of muscle fibers
contracture
Weakness of teh muscles of the pelvic girdle (the muscles that extend the hip and knee)
pelvic girdle weakness
a form of muscular dystrophy that is characterized by progressive weakness and muscle fiber degeneration without evidence of nerve involvement or degeneration of nerve tissue
pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
a group of genetically transmitted disorders characterized by progressive weakness and muscle fiber degeneration without evidence of nerve involvment or degeneration of nerve tissue
myscular dystrophy
a chronic, progressive disease affecting the skeletal (striated) muscles. It is characterized by muscle weakness and degeneration
polymyositis
an injury to the body of a muscle ar attachment of the tendon, resulting from overstretching, overextension, or misuse
strain
the extraction of a specimen of muscle tissue for the purpose of examining it under a microscope
muscle biopsy
the process of recording the strength of the contraction of a muscle when it is stimulated by an electric current
electromyography
IM
intramuscular
MD
muscluar dystrophy
DTR
deep tendon reflexes
EMG
electromyography