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68 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
internal oblique
lies just under external oblique. compresses abdominal organs and maintain or increase intra abdominal pressure aiding in urination defecation and childbirth.
orbicularis oris
sphincter muscle encircles mouth. closes and puckers lips
external oblique
compresses abdominal organs and maintain or increase intra abdominal pressure aiding in urination defecation and childbirth
internal intercostals
lower rib cage and draw ribs colser together. this decreases volume of the thorax and causes expiration of air and breathing
ecternal intercostals
between ribs. elevates rib cage and increase volume of the thorax resulting in inspiration of air and breathing
serratus anterior
covers upper lateral surface of the ribs. pulls scapula downward and forward toward chest
deltoid
primary muscle of the shoulder. abducts and extends upper arm
pectoralis major
occupies upper quadrant of chest. adduction and medial rotaion of upper arm
platysma
broad sheet like muscle that covers the front and side of neck. pulls the angle of the mouth downward and backward and assists in opening mouth
sternocleidomastoid
located on side of neck. contraction of both muscles. flexes head down toward chest.
buccinator
horizontal muscle located in walls of cheeks. compresses the cheek and holds food between teeth during chewing and interacts with other muscles in facial expression
temporalis
large fan shaped muscle on side of head. acts synergistically with masseter to raise the mandible
zygomaticus
draws corner of mouth upward and backward as in smiling and laughing
occipitalis
pulls the scalp backwards
frontalis
elevates eyebrows and wrinkles forehead
orbicularis oculi
sphincter muscle encircles eye. closes eye lids
transverse abdominis
intermost muscle.compress the abdominalorgans and maintain or increase intra abdominal pressure, aiding in urination, defecation, and childbirth.
rectus abdominis
compress the abdominal organs and maintain or increase intra abdominal pressure aiding in urination defecation and childbirth
trapezius
triangular muscle of the upper back. adducts and elevates scapula pulls head backward.
latissimus dorsi
covers lower back. extends, adducts and rotates the arm medially, pulls shoulder downward and backward
infraspinatus
rotates arm laterally
teres minor
rotates arm laterally
supraspinatus
assists deltoid in abducting upper arm
teres major
rotates upper arm medially
biceps brachii
anterior surface of upper arm flexes forearm, rotates forearm laterally
brachialis
just under the biceps. flexes the forearm
triceps brachii
covers the posterior surface of the upper arm. extends forearm
gluteus maximus
buttocks muscle. extends and rotates thigh laterally
gluteus medius
under gluteus maximus. abduct and rotate the thigh medially
gluteus minimus
under gluteus maximus. abduct and rotate thigh medially
addcutor longus
adduct, flex and rotate the thigh laterally
adductor brevis
adduct, flex and rotate thigh laterally
biceps femoris
most lateral three of hamstring. flex lower leg, extend thigh, rotates thigh laterally.
semimembranosus
most medial of hamstrings. flew lower leg, extend thigh, rotate thigh medially
semitedinosus
flex lower leg, extend thigh, rotate thigh medially
rectus femoris
anterior central portion of quadraceps.extend lower leg, flexes thigh
vastus lateralis
lateral part of quadraceps. extend lower leg
vastus medialis.
extend lower leg
vastus intermedius
extend lower leg
satorius
flexes lower leg and thigh, rotates the thigh laterally and leg medially
tensor fasciae latae
flexes and abducts thigh
gracilis
adducts thigh and flexes leg
gastrocnemius
covers the calf. flexes leg. plantar flexes foot
soleus
under gartocnemius. plantar flexes foot
tibialis anterior
produces dorsiflexion and inversion of the foot
mentalis
elevates and wrinkle skin over chin
rhomboid major
retracts rotates scapulae
rhomboid minor
retracts, rotates scapulae
levator scapulae
elevates, retracts, rotates scapulae
pectoralis minor
depresses scapulae, elevates ribs
subscapularis
medial rotation of humerus
iliopsoas
flexes thigh at hip, laterally rotates femur.
pectineus
adducts thigh at hip
fibularis longus
eversion of foot
fibularis brevis
eversion of foot
popliteus
flexes knee medially rotates leg
olfactory nerve
sense of smell (I)
optic nerve
sense of vision (II)
oculomotor
(III) movement of eye muscles, dilation/constriction of pupil
trochlear
(IV) movement of eye muscles
trigeminal
(V) sensations on face and head. movement of eye muscles
abducens
(VI) abduction of eye
facial
(VII) sensation of external ear and palate. movement of facial and throat muscles, taste and stimulation of salivary and lacrimal glands
vestibulocochlear
(VIII) hearing and balance
Glossopharyngeal
(IX) taste, salivation, hearing, equilibrium, swallowing.
vagus
(X)sensory reception in throat and abdominal organs, speech formation, taste.
accessory
(XI) movement of soft palate, pharynx, sternocleidomastoid and trapezius
hyoglossal
(XII) movement of muscles of tongue and throat