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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
sarcoplasm
cytoplasm in muscle
myofibrils
contractile fibers, actin & myosin
origin
fixed in contraction
insertion
moves in contraction
atrophy
reduction in muscle fibers
hypertrophy
increase in size
myalgia
muscle pain
sprain
near joint, involves ligament/tendon
strain
from overextension, stretches/tears muscle
brachi/o
arm (brachiocephalic)
brachy
short
bucco
mouth/cheek
rhabd/o
striated, rhabdomyolysis
pterygo
wing-shaped
-lemma
sheath, envelope, sarcolemma
brevis
short
gloutous
buttock
teres
round, smoothe
vastus
great
skeletal muscle
attaches to bone by tendon, striated, voluntary control
smooth muscle
non-striated, in viscera, involuntary, slow contraction
cardiac muscle
striated, involuntary, self-stimulated, self-contracting unit
bradycardia
slow heartrate
trachycardia
fast heartrate
peristalsis
rhythmic waves of muscle contraction in walls of tubular organs (GI), if diminished:gastroparesis, early satiety
ACL
anterior cruciate ligament
EMG
electromyogram
CPK
creatine phosphokinase, high in MI
CK
creatine kinase
MCL
med collateral ligament
OT
occptl therapy
PT
physical therapy
ROM
range of motion, active or passive
SITS
supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis = rotator cuff muscles
WNL
within normal limits
active ROM
pt is active, no help
passive ROM
pt is passive, helped