• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/94

Click to flip

94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
methods for naming muscles
muscles may be named by:
location (specific body region);
direction of fascicles;
number of origins (heads);
size;
shape;
action;
striking or uniquely descriptive features
abdominis
abdomen;
example: rectus abdominus
anconeus
elbow
auricularis
auricle of ear
brachialis
brachium;
example: brachialis
capitis
head;
example: splenius capitis
carpi
wrist;
example:flexor carpi ulnaris
cervicus
neck;
example: splenius cervicus
cleido-
clavicle;
example: sternocleidomastoid
-clavius
clavicle
coccygeus
coccyx
costalis
ribs
-costal
ribs;
example: external intercostals
cutaneous
skin
femoris
femur;
example: rectus femoris
genio
chin
glosso
tongue
glossal
tongue
hallucis
great toe
ilio-
ilium;
example: iliopsoas
inguinal
groin
lumborum
lumbar region
nasalis
nose
nuchal
back of neck
oculo-
eye;
example: orbicularis oculi
oris
mouth;
example: orbicularis oris
palpebrae
eyelid
pollicis
thumb
popliteus
behind knee
psoas
loin;
example: psoas major
radialis
radius;
example: flexor carpi radialis
scapularis
scapula;
example: subscapularis
temporalis
temple;
example: temporalis
thoracis
thoracic region;
example: spinalis thoracis
tibialis
tibia;
example: tibialis anterior
ulnaris
ulna;
example:flexor carpi ulnaris
uro-
urinary
anterior
front;
example: serratus anterior
externus
superficial
extrinsic
outside
inferioris
inferior
internus
deep, internal
intrinsic
inside
lateralis
lateral;
example: vastus lateralis
medialis
medial, middle;
example: vastus medialis
medius
medial, middle;
example: gluteus medius
oblique
angular;
example: external oblique
posterior
back
profundus
deep
rectus
straight, parallel;
example: rectus abdominis
superficialis
superficial
superioris
superior
transversus
transverse;
example: transversus abdominis
biceps
two heads;
example: biceps brachii
triceps
three heads;
example triceps brachii
quadriceps
four heads;
example: quadriceps femoris group
deltoid
triangle;
example: deltoid
orbicularis
circle;
example: orbicularis oris
pectinate
comblike;
example: pectineus
piriformis
pear-shaped
platys-
flat
pyramidal
pyramid
rhomboideus
rhomboid;
example: rhomboideus major
serratus
serrated;
example: serratus anterior
splenius
bandage;
example: splenius capitis
teres
long and round;
example: teres major
trapezius
trapezoid;
example: trapezius
gracilus
slender;
example: gracilis
brevis
short;
example: extensor carpi radialis brevis
longus
long;
example: extensor carpi radialis longus
major
larger;
example: pectoralis major
minor
smaller;
example: pectoralis minor
vastus
great;
example: vastus lateralis
-tendinosus
tendinous;
example: semitendinosus
maximus
largest;
example: gluteus maximus
minimus
smallest
magnus
large;
example: adductor magnus
lata
wide;
example: tensor fasciae latae
latissimus
widest;
example: latissimus dorsi
longissimus
longest
alba
white;
example: linea alba
bucinnator
trumpeteer;
example: buccinator
risorius
laugher;
example: risorius
sartorius
like a tailor;
example: sartorius
abductor
abduction
adductor
adduction;
example: adductor longus
depressor
depression
extensor
extension;
example: extensor carpi ulnaris
flexor
flexion;
example: flexor carpi radialis
levator
elevation;
example: levator scapulae
pronator
pronation;
example: pronator teres
rotator
rotation
supinator
supination;
example; supinator
tensor
tightens or stretches;
example: tensor fasciae latae