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88 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Middle Trapezius
O: Spinous processes of C7-T3
I: Scapular Spine
A: Scapular retraction
Lower Trapezius
O: Spinous processes of middle and lower thoracic vertebrae
I: Base of scapular spine
A: Scapular depression and upward rotation
Levator Scapula
O: Transverse processes of first 4 cervical vertebrae
I: Vertebral border of scapula between superior angle and spine
A: Scapular elevation and downward rotation
Upper Trapezius
O: Occipital bone, nuchal ligament on upper cervical spinous processes
I: Outer third of clavicle, acromion process
A: Scapular elevation, upward rotation
Serratus Anterior
O: Lateral surface of upper 8 ribs
I: Vertebral border of scapula, anterior surface
A: Scapular protraction and upward rotation
Pectoralis Minor
O: Anterior surface, 3rd-5th ribs
I: Coracoid process of scapula
A: Scapular depression, protraction, downward rotation, and tilt
Rhomboids
O: Spinous processes of C7-T5
I: Vertebral border of Scapula
A: Scapular retraction, elevation, downward rotation
Anterior Deltoid
O: Lateral third of clavicle
I: Deltoid tuberosity
A: Shoulder abduction, flexion, medial rotation, horizontal adduction
Middle Deltoid
O: Acromion process
I: Deltoid tuberosity
A: Shoulder abduction
Posterior Deltoid
O: Spine of scapula
I: Deltoid tuberosity
A: Shoulder abduction, extension, hyperextension, lateral rotation, horizontal abduction
Pectoralis Major: Sternal Portion
O: Sternum, costal cartilage of first 6 ribs
I: Lateral lip of bicipital groove
A: Shoulder extension- first 60 degrees
Supraspinatus
O: Supraspinous fossa of scapula
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A: Shoulder abduction
Infraspinatus
O: Infraspinous fossa of scapula
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A: Shoulder lateral rotation, horizontal abduction
Subscapularis
O: Subscapular fossa
I: Lesser tubercle of humerus
A: Shoulder medial rotation
Coracobrachialis
O: Coracoid process of scapula
I: Medial surface of humerus near midpoint
A: Stabilizes shoulder joint
Pectoralis Major: Clavicular Portion
O: Medial third of clavicle
I: Lateral lip of bicipital groove
A: Shoulder flexion- first 60 degrees
Latissimus Dorsi
O: Spinous processes of T7-L5, posterior surface of sacrum, iliac crest, lower 3 ribs
I: Medial floor of bicipital groove
A: Shoulder extension, adduction, medial rotation, hyperextension
Teres Major
O: Axillary border of scapula near inferior angle
I: Crest below lesser tubercle
A: Shoulder extension, adduction, medial rotation
Teres Minor
O: Axillary border of scapula
I: Greater tubercle of humerus
A: Shoulder lateral rotation, horizontal abduction
Brachialis
O: Distal half of humerus, anterior surface
I: Coronoid process and ulnar tuberosity of ulna
A: Elbow flexion
Biceps Brachii
O: Long head- supraglenoid tubercle of scapula
Short head- Coracoid process of scapula
I: Radial tuberosity
A: Elbow flexion, forearm supination
Brachioradialis
O: Lateral supracondylar ridge on the humerus
I: Styloid process of radius
A: Elbow flexion
Triceps
O: Infraglenoid tubercle of scapula and posterior humerus
I: Olecranon process of ulna
A: Elbow extension
Anconeus
O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Lateral and inferior to olecranon process of ulna
A: Assists in elbow extension
Pronator Teres
O: Medial epicondyle of humerus and coronoid process of ulna
I: Lateral aspect of radius at its midpoint
A: Forearm pronation
Pronator Quadratus
O: Distal 1/4 of ulna
I: Distal 1/4 of radius
A: Forearm pronation
Supinator
O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus and adjacent ulna
I: Anterior surface of proximal radius
A: Forearm supination
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
O: Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Pisiform and base of 5th metacarpal
A: Wrist flexion, ulnar deviation
Flexor Carpi Radialis
O: Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of 2nd and 3rd metacarpals
A: Wrist flexion, radial deviation
Palmaris Longus
O: Medial epicondyle of humerus
I: Palmar fascia
A: Assistive in wrist flexion
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus
O: Supracondylar ridge of humerus
I: Base of 2nd metacarpal
A: Wrist extension, radial deviation
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis
O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of 3rd metacarpal
A: Wrist extension
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris
O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of 5th metacarpal
A: Wrist extension, ulnar deviation
Abductor Pollicis Brevis
O: Scaphoid, trapezium, flexor retinaculum
I: Proximal phalanx of thumb
A: Abducts thumb
Flexor Pollicis Brevis
O: Trapezium and flexor retinaculum
I: Proximal phalanx of thumb
A: Flexes CMC and MCP joints of thumb
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
O: Common flexor tendon on the medial epicondyle, coronoid process, radius
I: Sides of the the middle phalanx of the 4 fingers
A: Flexes MCP and PIP joints of fingers
Flexor Digitorum Profundus
O: Upper 3/4 of ulna
I: Distal phalanx of 4 fingers
A: Flexes all 3 joints of fingers
Abductor Pollicis Longus
O: Posterior radius, interosseus membrane, middle ulna
I: Base of the 1st metacarpal
A: Abducts thumb
Flexor Pollicis Longus
O: Anterior surface of radius
I: Distal phalanx of thumb
A: Flexes all 3 joints of thumb
Extensor Pollicis Brevis
O: Posterior distal radius
I: Base of proximal phalanx of thumb
A: Extends CMC and MCP joints of thumb
Extensor Pollicis Longus
O: Middle posterior ulna and interosseus membrane
I: Base of distal phalanx of thumb
A: Extends all 3 joints of thumb
Extensor Digitorum
O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of distal phalanx of 2nd-5th fingers
A: Extends all 3 digits of fingers
Extensor Indicis
O: Distal ulna
I: Base of distal phalanx of 2nd finger
A: Extends all 3 joints of 2nd finger
Extensor Digiti Minimi
O: Lateral epicondyle of humerus
I: Base of distal phalanx of 5th finger
A: Extends all 3 joints of 5th finger
Iliopsoas
O: Iliac fossa, anterior and lateral surfaces of T12-L5
I: Lesser trochanter
A: Hip flexion
Rectus Femoris
O: AIIS
I: Tibial tuberosity
A: Hip flexion, knee extension
Sartorius
O: ASIS
I: Proximal medial aspect of tibia
A: Flexion, abduction, and lateral rotation of hip; knee flexion
Pectineus
O: Superior ramus of pubis
I: Pectineal line of femur
A: Hip flexion and adduction
Adductor Longus
O: Pubis
I: Middle 1/3 of linea aspera
A: Hip adduction
Adductor Brevis
O: Pubis
I: Pectineal line and proximal linea aspera
A: Hip adduction
Adductor Magnus
O: Ischium and pubis
I: Entire linea aspera and adductor tubercle
A: Hip adduction
Gracilis
O: Pubis
I: Anterior medial surface of proximal tibia
A: Hip adduction
Gluteus Maximus
O: Posterior sacrum and ilium
I: Posterior femur distal to greater trochanter and IT band
A: Hip extension, hyperextension, lateral rotation
Deep Rotators
O: Posterior sacrum, ischium, pubis
I: Greater trochanter area
A: Hip lateral rotation
Semimembranosus
O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Posterior surface of medial condyle of tibia
A: Extend hip, flex knee
Semitendinosus
O: Ischial tuberosity
I: Anteromedial surface of proximal tibia
A: Extend hip, flex knee
Biceps Femoris
O: Long head- Ischial tuberosity Short head- Lateral lip of linea aspera
I: Fibular head
A: Extend hip, flex knee
Gluteus Medius
O: Outer surface of ilium
I: Lateral surface of greater trochanter
A: Hip abduction
Gluteus Minimus
O: Lateral ilium
I: Anterior surface of greater trochanter
A: Hip abduction, medial rotation
Tensor Fascia Latae
O: ASIS
I: Lateral condyle of tibia
A: Hip flexion and abduction
Vastus Lateralis
O: Linea aspera
I: Tibial tuberosity
A: Knee extension
Vastus Medialis
O: Linea aspera
I: Tibial tuberosity
A: Knee extension
Vastus Intermedialis
O: Anterior femur
I: Tibial tuberosity
A: Knee extension
Popliteus
O: Lateral condyle of femur
I: Posterior medial condyle of tibia
A: Initiates knee flexion
Gastrocnemius
O: Medial and lateral condyle of femur
I: Posterior calcaneus
A: Knee flexion, ankle plantar flexion
Soleus
O: Posterior tibia and fibula
I: Posterior calcaneus
A: Ankle plantar flexion
Plantaris
O: Posterior lateral condyle of femur
I: Posterior calcaneus
A: Weak assist in knee flexion and ankle plantar flexion
Tibialis Posterior
O: Interosseus membrane, adjacent tibia and fibula
I: Navicular, most tarsals and metatarsals
A: Ankle inversion
Flexor Hallucis Longus
O: Posterior fibula and interosseus membrane
I: Distal phalanx of great toe
A: Flexes great toe
Flexor Digitorum Longus
O: Posterior tibia
I: Distal phalanx of 4 lesser toes
A: Flexes toes
Tibialis Anterior
O: Lateral tibia and interosseus membrane
I: First cuneiform and first metatarsal
A: Ankle inversion and dorsiflexion
Extensor Hallucis Longus
O: Fibula and interosseus membrane
I: Distal phalanx of great toe
A: Extends 1st toe
Extensor Digitorum Longus
O: Fibula, interosseus membrane, tibia
I: Distal phalanx of 4 toes
A: Extends toes
Peroneus Longus
O: Lateral proximal fibula and interosseus membrane
I: Plantar surface of 1st cuneiform and metatarsal
A: Ankle eversion
Peroneus Brevis
O: Lateral distal fibula
I: Base of 5th metatarsal
A: Ankle eversion
Peroneus Tertius
O: Distal medial fibula
I: Base of 5th metatarsal
A: Assists ankle eversion and dorsiflexion
Temporalis
O: Temporal fossa
I: Coronoid process and ramus of mandible
A: elevation, retrusion, ipsilateral lateral deviation
Masseter
O: Zygomatic arch of temporal bone and zygomatic process of maxilla
I: Angle of the ramus and coronoid process of mandible
A: Elevation, ipsilateral lateral deviation
Medial Pterygoid
O: Lateral pterygoid plate of the sphenoid and tuberosity of the maxilla
I: Ramus and angle of the mandible
A: Elevation, protrusion, contralateral lateral deviation
Lateral Pterygoid
O: Lateral pterygoid plate and greater wing of sphenoid
I: Mandibular condyle and articular disk
A: depression, protrusion, contralateral lateral deviation
Mylohyoid
O: Interior medial madible
I: Hyoid
A: Depresses mandible
Geniohyoid
O: Mental spine of mandible
I: Hyoid
A: Depresses mandible
Stylohyoid
O: Styloid process of temporal bone
I: Hyoid
A: Depresses mandible
Digastric
O: Internal inferior mandible and mastoid process
I: Tendon to hyoid
A: Depresses mandible
Sternohyoid
O: Medial end of clavicle, sternoclavicular ligament, manubrium
I: Inferior border of hyoid
A: Stabilize hyoid
Sternothyroid
O: Manubrium of sternum and cartilage of first rib
I: Thyroid cartilage
A: Stabilize hyoid
Thyrohyoid
O: Thyroid cartilage
I: Inferior border of hyoid
A: Stabilize hyoid
Omohyoid
O: Superior border of scapula
I: Inferior border of hyoid
A: Stabilize hyoid