Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/199

Click to flip

199 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Trapezius: Proximal Attachment
Occipital Bone
-Superior Nuchal Line
-External Occipital Protuberance
Ligamentum Nuchae
CV7-TV12 Spinous Processes
Trapezius: Distal Attachment
Clavicle (Lateral 1/3) - Posterior Surface
Spine and Acromion of Scapula
Trapezius: Innervation
CN XI - Spinal Accessory Nerve
C3 & C4 - Pain and Proprioception
Trapezius: Action
Upper Fibers: Scapula Elevation & Upward Rotation
Middle Fibers: Scapula Retraction
Lower FIbers: Scapula Depression & Upward Rotation
Latissimus Dorsi: Proximal Attachment
TV7-TV12 Spinous Processes
Thoracolumbar Fascia
Ilium - Iliac Crest
Ribs 9-12 (Posterior Parts) External Surfaces
Latissimus Dorsi: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Floor of Intertubercular Groove
Latissimus Dorsi: Innervation
Thoracodorsal Nerve (C6,C7,C8)
Latissimus Dorsi: Action
Shoulder Extension, Adduction, and Medial Rotation
Raises Body Toward Arms During Climbing
Levator Scapulae: Proximal Attachment
CV1-CV4 Transverse Processes
Levator Scapulae: Distal Attachment
Scapula - Posterior Surface of Medial Border from Superior Angle to Root of Spine
Levator Scapulae: Innervation
C3 & C4 Spinal Nerves
Dorsal Scapular Nerve (C5)
Levator Scapulae: Action
Scapula Elevation & Downward Rotation
Rhomboid Minor: Proximal Attachment
Ligamentum Nuchae
CV7-TV1 Spinous Processes
Rhomboid Major: Distal Attachment
Scapula - Posterior Surface of Medial Border at Root of Spine
Rhomboid Major: Innervation
Dorsal Scapular Nerve (C4 & C5)
Rhomboid Minor: Action
Scapula Retraction & Downward Rotation
Stabilizes Scapua Against Thoracic Wall
Rhomboid Major: Proximal Attachment
TV2-TV5 Spinous Processes
Rhomboid Major: Distal Attachment
Scapula - Posterior Surface of Medial Border from Root of Spine to Inferior Angle
Rhomboid Major: Innervation
Dorsal Scapular Nerve (C4 & C5)
Rhomboid Major: Action
Scapula Retraction & Downward Rotation
Stabilization Scapula Against Thoracic Wall
Deltoid: Proximal Attachment
Clavicle (Lateral 1/3) - Anterior Border & Superior Surface
Acromion and Spine of Scapula
Deltoid: Distal Attachment
Deltoid Tuberosity
Deltoid: Innervation
Axillary Nerve (C5 & C6)
Deltoid: Action
Anterior Fibers: Shoulder Flexion & Medial Rotation
Middle Fibers: Shoulder Abduction
Posterior Fibers: Shoulder Extension & Lateral Rotation
Teres Major: Proximal Attachment
Scapula - Posterior Surface of Inferior Angle
Teres Major: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Medial Lip of Intertubercular Groove
Teres Major: Innervation
Lower Subscapular Nerve (C6 & C7)
Teres Major: Action
Shoulder Adduction, Extension, & Medial Rotation
Holds Humeral Head in Glenoid Cavity of Scapula
Supraspinatus: Proximal Attachment
Scapula - Supraspinous Fossa
Supraspinatus: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Superior Facet on Greater Tubercle
Supraspinatus: Innervation
Suprascapular Nerve (C4, C5, C6)
Supraspinatus: Action
Initiates & Assists Deltoid in Shoulder Abduction
Holds Humeral Head in Glenoid Cavity of Scapula
Infraspinatus: Proximal Attachment
Scapula - Infraspinous Fossa
Infraspinatus: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Middle Facet on Greater Tubercle
Infraspinatus: Innervation
Suprascapular Nerve (C5 & C6)
Infraspinatus: Action
Shoulder Lateral Rotation
Holds Humeral Head in Glenoid Cavity of Scapula
Teres Minor: Proximal Attachment
Scapula - Middle Part of Lateral Border
Teres Minor: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Inferior Facet on Greater Tubercle
Teres Minor: Innervation
Axillary Nerve (C5 & C6)
Teres Minor: Action
Shoulder Lateral Rotation
Holds Humeral Head in Glenoid Cavity of Scapula
Subscapularis: Proximal Attachment
Scapula - Subscapular Fossa
Subscapularis: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Lesser Tubercle
Subscapularis: Innervation
Upper and Lower Subscapular Nerves (C5, C6, C7)
Subscapularis: Action
Shoulder Medial Rotation
Holds Humeral Head in Glenoid Cavity of Scapula
Pectoralis Major: Proximal Attachment
Clavicular Head:
-Clavicle (Medial 1/3) - Anterior Surface
Sternocostal Head:
-Sternum (1/2) - Anterior Surface
-Ribs 1-6 - Costal Cartilages
-Aponeurosis of External Oblique Muscle
Pectoralis Major: Distal Attachment
Humerus - Lateral Lip of Intertubercular Groove
Pectoralis Major: Innervation
Lateral Pectoral Nerve (C5 & C6) & Medial Pectoral Nerve (C7, C8, T1)
Clavicular Head (C5-C6), Sternocostal Head (C7-T1)
Pectoralis Major: Action
Shoulder Adduction & Medial Rotation
Clavicular Head: Shoulder Flexion
Sternocostal Head: Shoulder Extension from a Flexed Position
Pectoralis Minor: Proximal Attachment
Ribs 3-5 Near Costal Cartilages
Pectoralis Minor: Distal Attachment
Scapula - Coracoid Process
Pectoralis Minor: Innervation
Lateral Pectoral Nerve (C7)
Medial Pectoral Nerve (C8 & T1)
Pectoralis Minor: Action
Scapula Protraction, Downward Rotation, & Depression
Stabilizes Scapula Against Thoracic Wall
Serratus Anterior: Proximal Attachment
Ribs 1-8 (Lateral Parts) - External Surface
Serratus Anterior: Distal Attachment
Scapula - Anterior Surface of Medial Border
Serratus Anterior: Innervation
Long Thoracic Nerve (C5, C6, & C7)
Serratus Anterior: Action
Scapula Protraction & Upward Rotation
Stabilizes Scapula Against Thoracic Wall
Subclavius: Proximal Attachment
Junction of Rib 1 & Its Costal Cartilage
Subclavius: Distal Attachment
Clavicle (Middle 1/3) - Inferior Surface
Subclavius: Innervation
Nerve to Subclavius (C5 & C6)
Subclavius: Action
Anchors & Depresses Clavicle
Biceps Brachii: Proximal Attachment
Short Head:
-Coracoid Process of Scapula
Long Head:
-Supraglenoid Tubercle of Scapula
Biceps Brachii: Distal Attachment
Radial Tuberosity
Bicipital Aponeurosis
Biceps Brachii: Innervation
Musculocutaneous Nerve (C5,C6)
Biceps Brachii: Action
Forearm Supination
Elbow Flexion w/Supination of Forearm
Shoulder Flexion
Brachialis: Proximal Attachment
Humerus (Distal 1/2) - Anterior Surface
Brachialis: Distal Attachment
Coronoid Process of Ulna
Ulnar Tuberosity
Brachialis: Innervation
Musculocutaneous Nerve (C5,C6)
Brachialis: Action
Elbow Flexion
Coracobrachialis: Proximal Attachment
Coracoid Process of Scapula
Coracobrachialis: Distal Attachment
Humerus (Middle 1/3) - Medial Surface
Coracobrachialis: Innervation
Musculocutaneous Nerve (C5, C6, C7)
Coracobrachialis: Action
Shoulder Flexion and Adduction
Triceps Brachii: Proximal Attachment
Long Head:
-Infraglenoid Tubercle of Scapula
Lateral Head:
-Posterior Surface Proximal to Radial Groove on Humerus
Medial Head:
-Posterior Surface Distal to Radial Groove on Humerus
Triceps Brachii: Distal Attachment
Olectranon of Ulna
Fascia of Forearm
Triceps Brachii: Innervation
Radial Nerve (C6, C7, C8)
Triceps Brachii: Action
Elbow Extension
Steadies Head of Abducted Humerus
Shoulder Extension and Adduction
Anconeus: Proximal Attachment
Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus
Anconeus: Distal Attachment
Olecranon of Ulna
Proximal Part of Posterior Side
Anconeus: Innervation
Radial Nerve (C7, C8, T1)
Anconeus: Action
Assists Triceps in Elbow Extension
Stabilizes Elbow Joint
Abducts Ulna During Forearm Pronation
Pronator Teres: Proximal Attachment
-Medial Epicondyle of Humerus
-Coronoid Process of Ulna
Pronator Teres: Distal Attachment
Radius - Middle Convexity of Lateral Surface
Pronator Teres: Innervation
Median Nerve (C6 & C7)
Pronator Teres: Action
-Forearm Pronation
-Elbow Flexion
Flexor Carpi Radialis: Proximal Attachment
-Medial Epicondyle of Humerus
Flexor Carpi Radialis: Distal Attachment
Base of the 2nd Metacarpal
Flexor Carpi Radialis: Innervation
Median Nerve (C6 & C7)
Flexor Carpi Radialis: Action
-Wrist Flexion
-Radial Deviation
Palmaris Longus: Proximal Attachment
-Medial Epicondyle of Humerus
Palmaris Longus: Distal Attachment
-Distal 1/2 of Flexor Retinaculum
-Palmar Aponeurosis
Palmaris Longus: Innervation
-Median Nerve (C7 & C8)
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris: Proximal Attachment
-Humeral Head:
-Medial Epicondyle of Humerus
-Ulnar Head:
-Olecranon
-Proximal 2/3 of Posterior Border of Ulna
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris: Distal Attachment
-Pisiform
-Hook of Hamate
-5th Metacarpal
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris: Innervation
-Ulnar Nerve (C7 & C8)
Flexor Carpi Ulnaris: Action
-Wrist Flexion
-Ulnar Deviation
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis: Proximal Attachment
Humeroulnar Head:
-Medial Epicondyle of Humerus
-Ulnar Collateral Ligament
-Coronoid Process of Ulna
Radial Head:
-Anterior Border of Proximal 1/2 of Radius
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis: Distal Attachment
Bodies of the Middle Phalanges of the Medial 4 Digits
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis: Innervation
Medial Nerve (C7, C8, T1)
Flexor Digitorum Superficialis: Action
-Medial 4 Digits PIP Joint Flexion
-Medial 4 Digits MCP Joint Flexion
-Wrist Flexion
Flexor Digitorum Profundus: Proximal Attachment
-Medial and Anterior Surfaces of the Proximal 3/4 of the Ulna
-Adjacent Interosseous Membrane
Flexor Digitorum Profundus: Distal Attachment
Bases of the Distal Phalanges of the Medial 4 Digits
Flexor Digitorum Profundus: Innervation
Medial Part (Digits 4 & 5):
-Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Lateral Part (Digits 2 & 3):
-Anterior Interosseous Nerve (C8 & T1) from Median Nerve
Flexor Digitorum Profundus: Action
-Medial 4 Digits DIP Joint Flexion
-Medial 4 Digits PIP Joint Flexion
-Medial 4 Digits MCP Joint Flexion
-Wrist Flexion
Flexor Pollicis Longus: Proximal Attachment
Radius:
-Anterior Surface Between the Tuberosity and Pronator Quadratus
-Adjacent Interosseous Membrane
Flexor Pollicis Longus: Distal Attachment
Base of the Distal Phalanx of the Thumb
Flexor Pollicis Longus: Innervation
Anterior Interosseous Nerve (C8 & T1) From Median Nerve
Flexor Pollicis Longus: Action
-Thumb IP, MCP and CMP Joint Flexion
-Wrist Flexion
Pronator Quadratus: Proximal Attachment
Anterior Surface of Distal 1/4 of Ulna
Pronator Quadratus: Distal Attachment
Anterior Surface of Distal 1/4 of Radius
Pronator Quadratus: Innervation
Anterior Interosseous Nerve (C8 & T1) From Median Nerve
Pronator Quadratus: Action
-Forearm Pronation
-Deep Fibers Bind Radius and Ulna Together
Brachioradialis: Proximal Attachment
Lateral Supracondylar Ridge of Humerus
Brachioradialis: Distal Attachment
Lateral Surface of Distal End of Radius
Brachioradialis: Innervation
Radial Nerve (C5, C6, C7)
Brachioradialis: Action
Elbow Flexion
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus: Proximal Attachment
Lateral Supracondylar Ridge of Humerus
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus: Distal Attachment
Base of 2nd Metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus: Innervation
Radial Nerve (C6, C7)
Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus: Action
Wrist Extension & Radial Deviation
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis: Proximal Attachment
Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis: Distal Attachment
Base of 3rd Metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis: Action
Wrist Extension & Radial Deviation
Extensor Digitorum: Proximal Attachment
Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus
Extensor Digitorum: Distal Attachment
Extensor Expansions of Medial 4 Digits
Extensor Digitorum: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Digitorum: Action
-Medial 4 Digits IP Joint Extension
-Medial 4 Digits MCP Joint Extension
-Wrist Extension
Extensor Digiti Minimi: Proximal Attachment
Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus
Extensor Digiti Minimi: Distal Attachment
5th Digit - Extensor Expainsion
Extensor Digiti Minimi: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Digiti Minimi: Action
-5th Digit IP Joint Extension
-5th Digit MCP Extension
-Wrist Extension
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris: Proximal Attachment
-Lateral Epicondyle of Humerus
-Posterior Border of Proximal 2/3 of Ulna
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris: Distal Attachment
Base of 5th Metacarpal
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Carpi Ulnaris: Action
Wrist Extension & Ulnar Deviation
Supinator: Proximal Attachment
Humerus:
-Lateral Epicondyle
Radial Collateral Ligament
Annular Ligament
Ulna:
-Supinator Fossa
-Supinator Crest
Supinator: Distal Attachment
Radius (Proximal 1/3) - Lateral, Posterior, & Anaterior Surfaces
Supinator: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C5 & C6) From Radial Nerve
Supinator: Action
Forearm Supination
Abductor Pollicis Longus: Proximal Attachment
-Posterior Surface of Proximal 1/2 of Ulna
-Posterior Surface of Proximal 1/2 of Radius
-Adjacent Interosseous Membrane
Abductor Pollicis Longus: Distal Attachment
-Base of 1st Metacarpal
Abductor Pollicis Longus: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Abductor Pollicis Longus: Action
-Thumb CMC Joint Abduction & Extension
-Wrist Elevation & Radial Deviation
Extensor Pollicis Brevis: Proximal Attachment
Posterior Surface of Distal 1/3 of Radius
Adjacent Interosseous Membrane
Extensor Pollicis Brevis: Distal Attachment
Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Extensor Pollicis Brevis: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Pollicis Brevis: Action
Thumb MCP & CMC Joint Extension
Wrist Elevation & Radial Deviation
Extensor Pollicis Longus: Proximal Attachment
Posterior Surface of Middle 1/3 of Ulna
Adjacent Interosseous Membrane
Extensor Pollicis Longus: Distal Attachment
Base of Distal Phalanx of Thumb
Extensor Pollicis Longus: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Pollicis Longus: Action
Thumb IP, MCP, & CMC Joint Extension
Wrist Extension & Radial Deviation
Extensor Indicis: Proximal Attachment
Posterior Surface of Distal 1/3 of Ulna
Adjacent Interosseous Membrane
Extensor Indicis: Distal Attachment
2nd Digit - Extensor Expansion
Extensor Indicis: Innervation
Posterior Interosseous Nerve (C7 & C8) from Radial Nerve
Extensor Indicis: Action
2nd Digit IP & MCP Joint Extension
Wrist Extension
Abductor Pollicis Brevis: Proximal Attachment
Flexor Retinaculum
Scaphoid - Tubercle
Trapezium - Tubercle
Abductor Pollicis Brevis: Distal Attachment
Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Abductor Pollicis Brevis: Innervation
Recurrent Branch of Median Nerve (C8 & T1)
Abductor Pollicis Brevis: Action
Thumb CMC Joint Abduction
Thumb Opposition
Flexor Pollicis Brevis: Proximal Attachment
Flexor Retinaculum
Scaphoid - Tubercle
Trapezium - Tubercle
Flexor Pollicis Brevis: Distal Attachment
Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Flexor Pollicis Brevis: Innervation
Recurrent Branch of Median Nerve (C8 & T1)
Flexor Pollicis Brevis: Action
Thumb MCP & CMC Joint Flexion
Thumb Opposition
Opponens Pollicis: Proximal Attachment
Flexor Retinaculum
Scaphoid - Tubercle
Trapezium - Tubercle
Opponens Pollicis: Distal Attachment
1st Metacarpal - Lateral Border
Opponens Pollicis: Innervation
Recurrent Branch of Median Nerve (C8 & T1)
Opponens Pollicis: Action
Thumb Opposition
Adductor Pollicis: Proximal Attachment
Oblique Head:
-2nd and 3rd Metacarpals - Bases
-Capitate & Adjacent Carpals
Transverse Head:
-3rd Metacarpal - Anterior Surface of Body
Adductor Pollicis: Distal Attachment
Base of Proximal Phalanx of Thumb
Adductor Pollicis: Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Adductor Pollicis: Action
Thumb CMC Joint Adduction
Thumb Opposition
Abdcutor Digiti Minimi: Proximal Attachment
Pisiform
Abductor Digiti Minimi: Distal Attachment
Base of Proximal Phalanx of 5th Digit
Abductor Digiti Minimi: Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Abductor Digiti Minimi: Action
5th Digit MCP Joint Abduction
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis: Proximal Attachment
Hook of Hamate
Flexor Retinaculum
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis: Distal Attachment
Base of Proximal Phalanx of 5th Digit
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis: Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Flexor Digiti Minimi Brevis: Action
5th Digit MCP Joint Flexion
Opponens Digiti Minimi: Proximal Attachment
Hook of Hamate
Flexor Retinaculum
Opponens Digiti Minimi: Distal Attachment
Medial Border of 5th Metacarpal
Opponens Digiti Minimi: Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Opponens Digiti Minimi: Action
5th Digit Opposition
Lumbricals 1-2 (Unipennate Muscles): Proximal Attachment
FLeoxr Digitorum Profundus - Lateral 2 Tendons
Lumbricals 1-2 (Unipennate Muscles): Distal Attachment
2nd and 3rd Digits - Extensor Expansions - Lateral Bands
Lumbricals 1-2 (Unipennate Muscles): Innervation
Lateral and Medial Branches of Median Nerve (C8 & T1)
Lumbricals 1-2 (Unipennate Muscles): Action
2nd and 3rd Digit MCP Joint Flexion & IP Joint Extension
Lumbricals 3-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Proximal Attachment
Flexor Digitorum Profundus - Medial 3 Tendons
Lumbricals 3-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Distal Attachment
4th and 5th Digits - Extensor Expansions - Lateral Bands
Lumbricals 3-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Lumbricals 3-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Action
4th and 5th Digit MCP Joint Flexion & IP Joint Extension
Dorsal Interossei 1-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Proximal Attachment
Adjacent Sides of Two Metacarpals
Dorsal Interossei 1-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Distal Attachment
2nd - 4th Digits - Extensor Expainsions - Lateral Bands & Proximal Phalanges - Bases
Dorsal Interossei 1-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Dorsal Interossei 1-4 (Bipennate Muscles): Action
2nd to 4th Digit Abduction From Axial Line
Assists Lumbricals in Medial 4 Digit MCP Joint Flexion & IP Joint Extension
Palmar Interossei (1-3) (Unipennate Muscles): Proximal Insertion
2nd, 4th, 5th Metacarpals - Palmar Surfaces
Palmar Interossei (1-3) (Unipennate Muscles): Distal Insertion
2nd, 4th, 5th Digits - Extensor Expansions - Lateral Bands, & Bases of Proximal Phalanges
Palmar Interossei (1-3) (Unipennate Muscles): Innervation
Deep Branch of Ulnar Nerve (C8 & T1)
Palmar Interossei (1-3) (Unipennate Muscles): Action
2nd, 4th, 5th Adduction Toward Axial Line
Assists Lumbricals in Medial 4 Digit MCP Joint Flexion & IP Joint Extension