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88 Cards in this Set

  • Front
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ORIGIN:
Temporal Fossa

INSERTION:
Coronoid process of the
mandible

ACTION:
Elevates the mandible
TEMPORALIS
ORIGIN:
The distal aspect of the
zygomatic process of the
temporal
The inferior border of
the zygomatic bone

INSERTION:
Angle of the ramus
The coronoid process of
the mandible

ACTION:
Elevation of the mandible
Protraction and
Retraction of the mandible
MASSETER
ORIGIN:
The lower border of the
mandible

INSERTION:
The superficial
pectoral fascia
The superficial deltoid
fascia

ACTION:
Tenses the skin of the
anterior neck
Depression of the mandible
PLATYSMA
ORIGIN:
Manubrium of the sternum
and medial clavivle

INSERTION:
Mastiod process

ACTION:
Both sides together:
neck flexion
Each side alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation to the
opposite
STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID
ORIGIN:
Transverse process C3-C6

INSERTION:
Antero-medial aspect of
the 1st rib

ACTION:
Both sides together:
Neck flexion
Each side alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation to the
opposite
1st rib elevation
ANTERIOR SCALENE
ORIGIN:
Transverse process C2-C7

INSERTION:
Slightly lateral to
anterior scalene

ACTION:
Both sides together:
Neck flexion
Each side alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation to the
opposite
1st rib elevation
MIDDLE SCALENE
ORIGIN:
Transverse process C5-C7

INSERTION:
Antero-lateral aspect of
the 2nd rib

ACTION:
Both sides together:
Neck flexion
Each side alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
2nd rib elevation:
POSTERIOR SCALENE
ORIGIN:
Spinous process of C7 - T4
Ligamentum nuchae

INSERTION:
Mastoid Process
Inferior nuchal line

ACTION:
Both sides together:
Neck extension
Each side alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation to that side
SPLENIUS CAPITIS
ORIGIN:
Spinous process of T3 - T6

INSERTION:
Transverse process of C1 -
C3

ACTION:
Both sides together:
Neck extension
Each side alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation to that side
SPLENIUS CERVICIS
ORIGIN:
Base of the skull
EOP
Posterior ligaments of
the neck

INSERTION:
The posterior aspect of
the lateral 1/3 of the
clavicle

ACTION:
Lateral flexion of the
neck to that side
Elevation of the scapula
Upward rotation of the
scapula
UPPER TRAPEZIUS
ORIGIN:
Spinous process of C7-T3

INSERTION:
The medial border of the
acromion process
The upper border of the
scapula spine

ACTION:
Retracts the scapula-
thoracic joint (ST joint)
MIDDLE TRAPEZIUS
ORIGIN:
The spinous process of T4-
T12

INSERTION:
Base of the scapula spine

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Depression
Retraction
Upward rotation
LOWER TRAPEZIUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior ilium crest
Median sacral crest
T6 - T12
Lower 3 ribs (posterior)

INSERTION:
The medial side of the
bicepital groove

ACTION:
At the GH:
Adduction
Internal rotation
Extension
Horizontal extension
LATISSIMUS DORSI
3 portions
1. Spinalis
(capitis, cervicis,
thoracis)

2. Longissimus
(capitis, cervicis,
thoracis)

3. Iliocostalis
(cervicis, thoracis,
lumborum)

ACTION:
Spinal extension
ERECTOR SPINAE
1. Semispinalis

2. Multifidus

3. Rotatores

These are deep to the erector spinae group
TRANSVERSOSPINALIS GROUP
ORIGIN:
The posterior inner lip
of the iliac crest

INSERTION:
The medial 1/2 of the
12th rib
The transverse process of
L1-L4

ACTION:
At the lumbar spine:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Stabilization of the
pelvis
QUADRATUS LUMBORUM
ORIGIN:
Costal cartilage 5-7

INSERTION:
The crest of pubis
The front of the pubic
symphysis

ACTION:
Both:
Thoracic and lumbar
flexion
Alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side

Lines of demarcation:
Linea Alba
Tendonous Inscriptions
RECTUS ABDOMINIS
ORIGIN:
The outer surface of the
lower 8 ribs

INSERTION:
The outer lip of the
iliac crest
The inguinal ligament
The superior pubic ramus
The aponeurosis to linea
alba

ACTION:
At the spine:
Both:
Flexion and
stabilization of the
core

Alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation of lumbar
and thoracic spine to
the opposite side

Fiber Orientation:
Down and In toward the midline
EXTERNAL OBLIQUE ABDOMINIS
ORIGIN:
The superior 1/2 of the
inguinal ligament
The anterior 2/3 of the
crest of ilium

INSERTION:
The anterior costal
carlilage of ribs 8-10
The linea alba

ACTION:
At the spine:
Both:
Spinal flexion

Alone:
Lateral flexion to
that side
Rotation of lumbar
and thoracic spine to
the same side

Fiber Orientation:
Down and out from the midline
INTERNAL OBLIQUE ABDOMINIS
ORIGIN:
The lateral 1/3 of
inguinal ligament
The inner lip of the
iliac crest
The posterior aspect of
costal cartilage 7-12

INSERTION:
Crest of pubis
The aponeurosis to linea
alba

ACTION:
The inward pull of the
abdominal wall
TRANSVERSE ABDOMINIS
ORIGIN:
Lower border of the rib

INSERTION:
Upper border of the rib

ACTION:
Rib elevation

Fiber Orientation
Down and in from the midline
EXTERNAL INTERCOSTALS
ORIGIN:
Lower border of the rib

INSERTION:
Upper border of the rib

ACTION:
Rib elevation

Fiber Orientation
Down and out from the midline
INTERNAL INTERCOSTALS
ORIGIN:
Posterior xiphoid
Inner surface of costal
cartilage
Portion of the lumbar
vertebrae

INSERTION:
The central tendon of the
diaphram

ACTION:
Increases the space within
the lung cavity
DIAPHRAM
ORIGIN:
The transverse process of
C1 - C4

INSERTION:
The superior angle of the
scapula

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Elevation
Downward rotation
Scapula retraction
LEVATOR SCAPULAE
ORIGIN:
Lateral portion of ribs
1-9

INSERTION:
Medial border of the
scapula

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Protraction
Upward rotation
SERRATUS ANTERIOR
ORIGIN:
Posterior scapula
Inferior angle of the
scapula (below minor)

INSERTION:
Medial lip of the
bicepital groove

ACTION:
At the GH Joint:
Stabilization
Internal rotation
Extension
Adduction
TERES MAJOR
ORIGIN:
Spinous process of C7-T5

INSERTION:
The medial border of the
scapula

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Retraction
Elevation
Downward rotation
RHOMBOID MAJOR AND MINOR
ORIGIN:
Medial 2/3 of the
supraspinatus fossa

INSERTION:
Superior portion of the
greater tubercle

ACTION:
At the GH Joint:
Stabilization of the
humeral head
Abduction
SUPRASPINATUS
ORIGIN:
Medial aspect of the
infraspinatus fossa

INSERTION:
Posterior portion of the
greater tubercle

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Stabilization of the
humeral head
External rotation
Horizontal extention
INFRASPINATUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior scapula
The lateral border:
Slightly superior to the
inferior angle (above
Teres Major)

INSERTION:
The greater tubercle of
the humerus

ACTION:
At the GH Joint:
Stabilization of the
humeral head
External rotation
Horizontal extension
Adduction
TERES MINOR
ORIGIN:
Subscapular fossa

INSERTION:
The lesser tubercle of the
humerus

ACTION:
At the GH Joint:
Stabilization of the
humeral head
Internal rotation
Adduction
SUBSCAPULARIS
ORIGIN:
The clavicle
Costal carlilages 1-6
The sternal margin

INSERTION:
Slightly inferior to the
lateral portion of the
bicepital groove

ACTION:
At the GH:
Both:
Internal rotation
Horizontal flexion
GH flexion

At the sternal margin:
Adduction

At the clavicle:
Abduction
PECTORALIS MAJOR
ORIGIN:
The middle of outer ribs
3-5

INSERTION:
The corocoid process of
the scapula

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Protraction
Depression
Downward rotation
Elevates ribs 3-5
PECTORALIS MINOR
ORIGIN:
Antero-lateral 1/3 of the
clavicle

INSERTION:
Deltoid tuberosity

ACTION:
At the GH Joint:
Abduction
Internal rotation
Flexion at the GH
ANTERIOR DELTOID
ORIGIN:
Inferior edge of the
scapula spine

INSERTION:
Deltoid tuberosity

ACTION:
At the GH Joint:
Abduction
External rotation
Extention at the GH
POSTERIOR DELTOID
ORIGIN:
The lateral aspect of the
acromion

INSERTION:
Deltoid tuberosity

ACTION:
Abduction
MIDDLE DELTOID
ORIGIN:
Supraglenoid tubercle

INSERTION:
Radial tuberosity

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Flexion
Supination

At the GH Joint:
Flexion
BICEPS BRACHII LONG HEAD
ORIGIN:
Coracoid process of the
scapula

INSERTION:
Radial tuberosity

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Flexion
Supination

At the ST Joint:
Upward Rotation
Protraction
Depression
BICEPS BRACHII SHORT HEAD
ORIGIN:
Infraglenoid tubercle

INSERTION:
Olecranon process of the
ulna

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Extension

At the GH Joint:
Extension
TRICEPS BRACHII LONG HEAD
ORIGIN:
The upper 1/2 of the
posterior surface of the
humerus

INSERTION:
Olecranon process of the
ulna

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Extension
TRICEPS BRACHII LATERAL HEAD
ORIGIN:
The distal 2/3 of the
posterior surface of the
humerus

INSERTION:
Olecranon process of the
ulna

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Extension
TRICEPS BRACII MEDIAL HEAD
ORIGIN:
Middle of the medial
border of the humeral
shaft

INSERTION:
Coracoid process of the
scapula

ACTION:
At the ST Joint:
Protraction
Downward rotation

At the GH Joint:
Horizontal flexion
Adduction
CORACOBRACHIALIS
ORIGIN:
The distal 1/2 of the
anterior humerus

INSERTION:
Coronoid process of the
ulna

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Flexion
(The true elbow
flexor)
BRACHIALIS
ORIGIN:
Directly superior to
lateral epicondyle

INSERTION:
Lateral portion of the
radial styloid process

ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Flexion

At the Radial Ulnar Joint:
Pronation and
supination from full
to neutral
BRACHIORADIALIS
ORIGIN:
Anterior superior portion
of the medial epicondyle
The medial ulna below
coronoid

INSERTION:
The middle 1/3 of the
lateral surface of the
radius

ACTION:
At the Radial Ulnar Joint:
Pronation

At the Elbow:
Flexion
PRONATOR TERES
ORIGIN:
Distal 1/4 of the anterior
ulna

INSERTION:
The distal 1/4 of anterior
radius

ACTION:
At the Radial Ulnar Joint:
Pronation
PRONATOR QUADRATUS
ORIGIN:
Posterial lateral
epicondyle
Posterior lateral
olecranon process

INSERTION:
Lateral surface of proximal radius below the head


ACTION:
At the Elbow:
Extension

At the Radial Ulnar Joint:
Supination
SUPINATOR
ORIGIN:
Anterior medial epicondyle

INSERTION:
Anterior base of metacarpals 2-3

ACTION:
Wrist flexion
Radial deviation of the wrist
Elbow Flexion
FLEXOR CARPI RADIALIS
ORIGIN:
Anterior medial epicondyl
Posterior Proximal ulna

INSERTION:
Ventral:
Pisiform
Hammate
Base of 5th metacarpal

ACTION:
Wrist flexion
Ulnar deviation at the wrist
Elbow flexion
FLEXOR CARPI ULNARIS
ORIGIN:
Medial epicondyle

INSERTION:
Palmar aponeurosis

ACTION:
Wrist flexion
Elbow flexion
Thenor opposition
PALMARIS LONGUS
ORIGIN:
The anterior medial epicondyle
The medial coronoid process
The middle 1/3 of anterior radius

INSERTION:
Ventral:
The middle phalanx of 2-5

ACTION:
Digit Flexion at PIPS 2-5
MCP Flexion
Elbow Flexion
Wrist Flexion
FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS
ORIGIN:
Proximal 1/2 of anterior medial ulna

INSERTION:
Ventral:
Base of distal phalanx 2-5

ACTION:
Digit flexion at:
DIPS 2-5
PIPS 2-5
MCPS 2-5

Wrist Flexion
FLEXOR DIGITORUM PROFUNDUS
ORIGIN:
Inferior to coronoid process on the ulna
Middle 1/3 anterior radius

INSERTION:
Ventral:
The base of the distal phalanx

ACTION:
Flexion at:
Interphalangeal joint of pollex
MCP of pollex
Wrist
FLEXOR POLLICIS LONGUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior lateral epicondyle
Middle 1/3 posterior ulna

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of the 5th metacarpal

ACTION:
Elbow Extensor
Wrist Extensor
Ulnar Deviation
EXTENSOR CARPI ULNARIS
ORIGIN:
Posterior lateral epicondyle

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of the 3rd metacarpal

ACTION:
Wrist Extension
Elbow Extension
Radial Deviation
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS BREVIS
ORIGIN:
Superior to lateral epicondyle and epicondyle

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of the 2nd metacarpal

ACTION:
Wrist Extension
Elbow Extension
Radial Deviation
EXTENSOR CARPI RADIALIS LONGUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior Lateral Epicondyle

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of the middle and distal phalanx 2-5

ACTION:
Elbow Extension
Wrist Extension
Extension of digits 2-5 at:
DIPS
PIPS
MCPS
EXTENSOR DIGITORUM
ORIGIN:
Distal 1/3 of posterior ulna

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of middle and distal phalanx of 2nd metacarpal

ACTION:
Wrist Extension
Extension of 2nd metacarpal at:
PIPS
DIPS
MCPS
EXTENSOR INDICIS
ORIGIN:
Posterior lateral epicondyle

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of middle and distal phalanx of the 5th phalange

ACTION:
Wrist Extension
Elbow Extension
Extension of 5th phalange at:
PIPS
DIPS
MCPS
EXTENSOR DIGITI MINIMI
ORIGIN:
Posterior lateral middle ulna

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of distal phalanx of pollex

ACTION:
Wrist Extension
Thumb extension at:
MCPS
Interphalangeal
EXTENSOR POLLICIS LONGUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior lower middle radius

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
Base of the proximal phalanx of pollex

ACTION:
Wrist Extension
Extension of the MCP at the pollex
EXTENSOR POLLEX BREVIS
ORIGIN:
Posterior middle of the radius and ulna

INSERTION:
Dorsal:
The base of the first metacarpal

ACTION:
Abduction of the pollex
ABDUCTOR POLLICIS LONGUS
ORIGIN:
Illiac fossa
Anterior transverse process of L1-L5
The lateral body of T12-L5 and the sacral base
Intervertebral disks between T12-L5

INSERTION:
Lesser trochanter
Medial acetabulum

ACTION:
Hip Flexion
External rotation of the knee
ILIOPSOAS
ORIGIN:
Superior pubic ramus

INSERTION:
Inferior to the lesser trochanter

ACTION:
Hip flexor
External rotation of the hip
Hip Adduction
PECTINEUS
ORIGIN:
AIIS
Posterior groove superior to the acetabulum

INSERTION:
The patella tibial tuberosity

ACTION:
Hip Flexion
Knee Extension
RECTUS FEMORIS
ORIGIN:
ASIS

INSERTION:
Pes Anserine

ACTION:
Hip Flexion
Knee Flexion
SARTORIUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior 1/4 of iliac crest
Posterior lateral sacrum and coccyx

INSERTION:
Superior 1/3 of linea aspera

ACTION:
Hip extension
External rotation of the hip
GLUTEUS MAXIMUS
ORIGIN:
Long Head:
Ischial tuberosity
Short Head:
Inferior 1/2 of linea aspera

INSERTION:
Lateral condyle of the tibia
Fibular head

ACTION:
At the Hip:
External rotation
Extension

At the Knee:
Flexion
BICEPS FEMORIS
ORIGIN:
Ischial Tuberosity

INSERTION:
Pes Anserine

ACTION:
Knee flexion
Hip Extension
Internal rotation of the hip
SEMITENDINOSUS
ORIGIN:
Ischial tuberosity

INSERTION:
Posterior medial tibial condyle

ACTION:
Hip Extension
Internal Rotation of the hip
SEMIMEMBRANOSUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior 1/2 ilium inferior to the crest

INSERTION:
Posterior and middle aspects of the greater trochanter

ACTION:
Abduction of the hip
GLUTEUS MEDIUS
ORIGIN:
Lateral ilium inferior to the origin of medius

INSERTION:
Anterior surface of the greater trochanter

ACTION:
Abduction of the hip
Internal rotation of the hip
GLUTEUS MINIMUS
ORIGIN:
Anterior iliac crest and portion slightly inferior

INSERTION:
Gerdy's Tubercle

ACTION:
Abduction of the hip
Flexion of the hip

*Dynamic stability of the knee
TENSOR FASCIA LATTE
ORIGIN:
Anterior medial aspect of the inferior pubic ramus

INSERTION:
Upper 1/3 of the linea aspera

ACTION:
Hip Adduction
ADDUCTOR BREVIS
ORIGIN:
Anterior medial inferior pubic ramus

INSERTION:
Middle 1/3 of linea aspera

ACTION:
Hip Adductor
ADDUCTOR LONGUS
ORIGIN:
Medial aspect of the inferior pubic ramus

INSERTION:
Pes Anserine

ACTION:
Adduction of the hip
Internal rotation of the hip
GRACILIS
ORIGIN:
Antero-lateral aspect of the sacrum

INSERTION:
Superior aspect of the greater trochanter

ACTION:
External rotation of the hip
PIRIFORMIS
ORIGIN:
Whole linea aspera

INSERTION:
Tibial tuberosity

ACTION:
Knee extension

The medialis oblique gives stabilization of the patella
VASTUS MEDIALIS
AND
VASTUS MEDIALIS OBLIQUE
ORIGIN:
Anterior inferior to greater trochanter on the anterior and posterior borders

INSERTION:
The whole linea aspera

ACTION:
Knee extension
VASTUS LATERALIS
ORIGIN:
Superior 2/3 of the anterior femur shaft

INSERTION:
Tibial tuberosity

ACTION:
Knee Extension
VASTUS INTERMEDIUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior lateral condyle of the femur

INSERTION:
Posterior tibia inferior to medial condyle

ACTION:
Unlocks the knee to allow for flexion

*Important in the screwhome mechanism
POPLITEUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior superior to femoral condyles

INSERTION:
Calcaneal Tuberosity

ACTION:
Knee Flexion
Plantar Flexion
GASTROCNEMIUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior superior fibular head
Posterior superior 2/3 of the tibial shaft

INSERTION:
Calcaneal Tuberosity

ACTION:
Plantar Flexion
SOLEUS
ORIGIN:
Posterior superior 1/2 of the interosseus membrane

INSERTION:
Navicular
1st Cuniform
Base of mets 2-5

ACTION:
Plantar Flexion
Ankle Inversion

*Helps maintain the longitudinal arch
POSTERIOR TIBIALIS
ORIGIN:
Antero-lateral 2/3 of the tibial shaft

INSERTION:
1st Cuniform
Base of 1st metacarpal

ACTION:
Dorsiflexion
Ankle Inversion
ANTERIOR TIBIALIS
ORIGIN:
Superior 2/3 of anterior fibula
Lateral tibial condyle
Fibular Head

INSERTION:
Dorsal middle and distal phalanx 2-5

ACTION:
Toe Extensor
EXTENSOR DIGITORUM LONGUS
ORIGIN:
The middle 2/3 of anterior fibula

INSERTION:
Base of distal phalanx of the 1st

ACTION:
Extension of the big toe
EXTENSOR HALLUCIS LONGUS
ORIGIN:
Inferior pubic ramus
Ischial Tuberosity

INSERTION:
Full length of linea aspera
Adductor tubercle

ACTION:
Hip Adductor
ADDUCTOR MAGNUS