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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
American Missionary Association
(AMA)
set up schools and taught newly freed men how to read and write
Fisk Jubilee Singers
Group of African American singers who presented spirituals to the world after slavery
Call and response
Style of singing in which a melody sung by one singer is responded to or echoed by one or more singers
Buzz
the means of producing a sound on the trumpet and all brass instruments
Blues
a style of music that evolved from southern African-American secular songs
usually distinguished by:
-a strong 4/4 rhythm
-flatted thirds and sevenths
-12 bar structure
-lyrics in a three-line stanza in which the second line repeats the first
Blue notes
note sung or played at a lower pitch than those of the major scale
Arpeggio
the sounding of notes of a chord in rapid succession ascending/descending
the beat
synonymous with pulse
Backbeat
emphasizing beats 2 and 4 in a four beat rhythm
Collective Improvisation
New Orleans style where multiple artists are improvising; many different melodies at one time
Chattel
Personal property either movable or immovable
2nd line
bass, drums associated the funeral procession
Harmony
different pitches and chords simultaneously
Blues Chords
I, IV, and V
Jim Crow Laws
Segregating black in US
Lick or Riff
short melodic idea; too short to be a melody
associated with New Orleans music
Melisma
technique of changing the note/pitch of a single syllable of text while its being sung
Meter
group of pulses
Metrical accent
emphasis on beat 1 of the downbeat
Minstrelsy
popular form of entertainment in late 19th century where whites painted faces and mocked blacks
New Orleans Rhythm Kings (NORK)
all white band that played New Orleans style music
Mute
device put into brass instruments to make it sound like a voice