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15 Cards in this Set

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SENTENCE
A group of words containing a subject and a verb that forms a complete statement and is able to stand-alone. The subject need not always be expressed; it may be understood.
VERB
A word or a group of words that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement. It may be one word or several words that are written together or are even separated by other words.
SUBJECT
That part of a sentence about which something is being said. This part is properly called the complete subject, but within the complete subject there is always a word or group of words that is the principal word within the complete subject and is called the simple subject. The subject is usually a noun or pronoun.
NOUN / PRONOUN
The name of a person, place, or thing.
CLAUSE
Any group of words containing a subject and a verb.
INDEPENDENT CLAUSE
A group of words containing a subject and a verb, making a complete statement and able to stand alone as a complete sentence.
COMPOUND SENTENCE
Two or more independent clauses together make up a compound sentence.
DEPENDENT CLAUSE
A group of words containing a subject and a verb that depends on some other word or words in the sentence for completeness of meaning.
COMPOUND PREDICATE
Two or more verbs with one subject.
INTRODUCTORY PHRASE
A group of words that occurs at the beginning of a sentence. This phrase can be thought of as being out of order or transposed in the sentence.
ESSENTIAL
A word, phrase, or clause that is vital to the meaning of the sentence. Sometimes there are called "restrictive."
NONESSENTIAL
A word, phrase, or clause that is not vital to the meaning of the sentence and simply provides explanatory material. Sometimes these are called "nonrestrictive."
PARENTHETICAL EXPRESSION
An interrupting group of words that does not change or contribute to the meaning of a sentence. They may appear at the beginning, middle, or end of the sentence and are usually nonessential.
APPOSITIVE
A noun or pronoun that closely follows another noun or pronoun to restate, rename, explain, or clarify it. It may be essential or nonessential. An appositive must always consist of a word or words that can be directly substituted for the noun or pronoun they follow.
CONJUNCTION
These are words that are used to join other words, phrases, clauses, and independent clauses.