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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Explain the process of identifying training requirements for Naval personnel.
The Navy determines training requirements from the fleet’s need for people with particular job skills.
State the purpose for the Navy Training System.
ensure a systematic approach for determining what to train and how best to accomplish that training.
What is the most essential, single link in the training chain?
The Instructor. He simplifies the learning process
State and discuss the three qualities of an efficient and effective instructor.
* Knowledge - Subject matter expert
* Ability
* Personality - The pattern of collective character, behavioral, temperamental, emotional, and mental traits
The instructor's resopnsibilities in terms of " to the students"
Teach effectively, set a good example.
The instructor's resopnsibilities in terms of " to training safely"
demonstrate proper safety
The instructor's resopnsibilities in terms of " security"
Never say or do anything that will downplay the importance of the security of classified materials.
The instructor's resopnsibilities in terms of " curriculum "
ensure the course curriculum is both current and accurate.
List and discuss the key principles to applying motivation theory in a training situation.
a. Needs and Drives - A deficit or lack of something that causes a desire for satisfaction
b. Interest - A person's view of an activity as worthwhile or enjoyable
c. Values - Ideas or goals that the student sees as important
d. Attitudes - Feelings for or against people, objects, or ideas.
e. Incentives – Or rewards can stimulate motivation
f. Achievement – A strong desire
List and discuss the five techniques which can assist in developing motivational strategies for instruction
* Make the subject matter interesting – Plan motivational strategies
* Establish goals – The goals of instruction come directly from the learning objectives
* Provide informative feedback – Give either oral or written feedbacks
* Show interest in your students – Give students detailed feedback
* Encourage participation – Be open to student contributions and points of view.
State the ultimate goal of instruction
To cause students to remain motivated beyond the instructor's influence
State the five different ways of learning
b.Trail and Error
c.Association (ITAIT)
Discuss the five different ways of learning
Imitation- observe others and imitate
Trail and Error- learn by doing
Association- past learning to a new learning situation.
Insight- suddenly grasps learning concepts.
Transfer – Process of applying past learning to new but somewhat similar situations
Discuss the five laws of learning
- Law of Readiness – Students learn best when they are physically, mentally, and emotionally.
- Law of Effect
- Law of Primacy - they learn for the first time longer than they retain information they must relearn.
- Law of Exercise - pratice makes perfect
- Law of Intensity – Vivid experience is learned better and retained longer.
Discuss the single most important factor in a student’s educational advancement
List and discuss the five learning senses in their order of importance to the instructional environment
Sight -75% of our basic learning.
Hearing -second most important sense.
Touch- Major learning factor when combined with other senses.
Taste- important to cooks/ bakers
Kinesthesia –a blend of all senses with psychomotor and perceptual skills
State and discuss the six common characteristics all students possess.
Belief in maturity – want to be treated as adults.
Desire to succeed – none of the students come to class wanting to fail.
Ability to evaluate – students evaluate everthing
Fallibility – everyone makes mistakes
Fair play- favoring or picking on certain students
Recognition- basic human need
State and discuss the four basic learning styles
Concrete learners- learn by watching others.
Active learners- learn by group disscussion, problem- solving approaches and exercises.
Reflective learners- learn from lectures, flim and reading.
Abstract learners- learn by lectures from experts and case studies.
List the percentages of information retained when one or more learning styles are involved in the instructional process.
a. Abstract only = 20% retained
b. Abstract + Reflective = 50% retained
c. Abstract + Reflective + Concrete = 70% retained
d. Abstract + Reflective + Concrete + Active = 90% retained
State the barriers to effective communication
a. Lack of common core experience
b. Overuse of abstractions
c. Fear
d. Environmental factors
State and discuss the purpose of the 3-step communication process.
- Sending the message
- Receiving the message
- Feedback
Discuss why listening is one of the most important communication skills
Active process of hearing and understanding. Effective listening depends on motivation
What five factors must be considered in planning instruction delivery?
a. Articulation
b. Grammar
c. Rate of speech
d. Inflection
e. Force
State and discuss the importance of body movement as an important part of successful communication.
It reinforces, emphasizes and clarifies verbally expressed ideas.
State and discuss the four purposes of oral questioning.
- To stimulate student thinking
- Establish level of instruction ( background experience)
- Arouse interest in the subject matter.
- Focus attention upon a particular area of the subject matter.
- Drills students on subject matter they must recall precisely.
State and discuss the characteristics of a good oral question.
- Proper level of instruction – Use simple words, correct grammar, and complete sentences
- Begins with an interrogative - students know immediately when you are asking a question
- Clear in meaning - wording of the question conveys to the students the true or intended meaning
Discuss the types of oral questions and their purposes.
State the five steps of the five-step questioning technique
a. Ask the question
b. Pause
c. Call on student by name (apple)
d. Acknowledge or comment on answer
e. Emphasize or repeat answer (optional
List five of the seven instructional methods
a. Lecture
b. Lecture with audiovisuals
c. Lesson
d. Demonstration
e. Role playing
f. Case Study
g. Discussion
State and discuss the three parts of a learning objective
Behavior – What the learner should be able to do as an outcome of training
Condition – Defines aiding and limiting factors imposed upon the student
Standard – Specifies the criteria the student’s performance must meet
State the three learning domains
Cognitive Domain
Affective Domain
Psychomotor Domain
Course Learning Objectives (CLO)
reflects specific skills and knowledge required in a job.
Terminal Objectives (TO)
a specific statement of the performance expected from a student as the result of training
Topic Learning Objectives (TLO)
States performance (behaviors), conditions, and standards
Enabling Objectives (EO)
is a specific statement of the behavior to be exhibited
the two methods of testing and their importance
Knowledge Tests- test items written at the appropriate learning level.
Performance Tests- student demonstrate specific behaviors defined by the learning objectives
Explain the five learning levels a knowledge test item may test
Discuss the different types of performance tests
Process- step by step procedures required to complete a task.
Product- observalble results
Combination- both
List and describe the primary materials used in presenting instruction
Lesson plans
Instruction sheets
Instructional media material
State the purposes of using Instructional Media Materials.
To increase student understanding, retention, interest, motivation and provide uniformity in training
Describe two types of instructor evaluations
Technical – personnel considered to be subject matter experts
Technique – trained instructor evaluators