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186 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a-, an-
no, not, without
auto-
self
dia-
through, complete
endo-
within
epi-
above, upon
ex-, exo-
out
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
surrounding, around
pro-
before, forward
re-
back, backward, again
retro-
behind
sub-
under, below
trans-
across, through
ana-
up
cata-
down
inter-
between
meta-
change
-ac, -al, -eal, -iac, -ic, -ical, -ior
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-globin
protein
-gram
record
-ion, -ism
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
condition, usually abnorma (slight increase in numbers when used with blood cells)
-pathy
disease condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-scopy
process of visually examining
-sis
state of
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-y
process, condition
-ose
pertaining to, full of
-plasm
formation
-somes
bodies
-type
picture, classification
abdomin/o
abdomen
aden/o
gland
adip/o
fat
anter/o
front
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
bol/o
to cast (throw)
carcin/o
cancer, cancerous
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cervic/o
neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o
cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o
color
cis/o
to cut
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o
skull
crin/o
secrete (to form and give off)
cyst/o
urinary bladder, a sac, a cyst
cyt/o
cell
dermo/o, dermat/o
skin
dist/o
far, distant
dors/o
back portion of the body
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (usually the small intestines)
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge
gyenc/o
female, woman
hem/o, hemat/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
hist/o
tissue
iatr/o
treatment
ili/o
ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o
groin
kary/o
nucleus
later/o
side
leuk/o
white
lumb/o
lower back (side and back between the ribs and pelvis)
medi/o
middle
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
nucle/o
nucleus
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ped/o
child
pelv/o
hip, pelvic cavity
poster/o
back, behind
proxim/o
nearest
psych/o
mind
radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sacr/o
sacrum
sarc/o
flesh
sect/o
to cut
spin/o
spine, backbone
thel/o
nipple
thorac/o
chest
thromb/o
clot, clotting
trache/o
trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o
navel, umbilicus
ur/o
urinary tract, urine
ventr/o
belly side of the body
vertebr/o
vertebrae, backbones
viscer/o
inernal organs
anabolism
process of building up complex materials (protein) from simple materials)
catabolism
process of breaking down complex materials (foods) to form simple substances and release energy
cell membrane
Structures surrounding and protecting the cell. It determines what enters and leaves the cell
chromosomes
Rod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes. There are 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in every cell except for the egg and sperm cells, which contain only 23 individual, unpaired chromosomes.
cytoplasm
All the material that is oustide the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane.
DNA
Chemical found within each chromosome. Arranged like a sequence of recipes incode, it directs the activies of the cell.
endoplasmic reticulum
Structure (canals) within the cytoplasm. Site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces. Ribosomes are found on the endoplasmic reticulum.
genes
Regions of DNA within each chromosome.
karyotype
Picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. The chromosomes are arranged in numerical order to determine their number and structure.
metabolism
The total of the chemical process in a cell. It includes both catabolism and anabolism.
mitochondria
Structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy.
nucleus
Control center of the cell. It contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell.
adipose tissue
Collection of fat cells
cartilage
Flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints. For example, it surrounds the trachea and forms part of the external ear and nose.
epthelial cell
Skin cells that cover the external body surface and line the internal surfaces of organs.
histologist
Specialist in the study of tissues.
larynx
Voice box; located at the upper part of the trachea.
pharynx
Thoat. the pharynx is the common passageway for food (from the mouth going to teh esophagus) and air (from the nose to the trachea).
pituitary gland
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain.
thyroid gland
Endocrine gland that surrounds the trachea in the neck.
trachea
Windpipes (tube leading from the throat to the bronchial tubes)
ureter
One of two tubes, each leading from a single kidney to the urinary bladder
urethra
Tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body.
uterus
The womb. The organ that holds the embryo and fetus as it develops.
viscera
internal organs
adbominal cavity
Space below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines; also called the abdomen
cranial cavity
Space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull. Cranial means pertaining to the skull.
diaphragm
Muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities.
dorsal (posterior)
pertaining to the back
mediastinum
centrally located space between the lungs
pelvic cavity
Space below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs. Pelvic means pertainig to the hip bone, which surrounds the pelvic cavity.
peritoneum
Membrane surrounding the organs in the abdomen
pleura
A double-layered membrane surrounding each lung.
pleural cavity
Space between the pleural membranes and surrounding each lung.
spinal cavity
Space within the spinal column (backbones) and containing the spinal cord. Also called the spinal canal.
thoracic cavity
Space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other organs.
ventral (anterior)
pertaining to the front
hypochondriac
Upper right and left regions beneath the ribs.
epigastric
Upper middle region above the stomach.
lumbar
Middle right and left regions near the waist.
umbilical
Central region near the navel.
inguinal
Lower right and left regions near the groin. Also called iliac regions.
hypogastric
Lower middle region below the umbilical region
RUQ
right upper quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
RLQ
right lower quadrant
LLQ
left lower quadrant
cervical region
neck region (C1 - C7)
thoracic region
chest region (T1 - T12)
lumbar region
loin (waist) region (L1 - L5)
sacral region
region of the sacrum (S1 - S5)
coccygeal region
region of the coccyx (tailbone)
vertebra
a single backbone
vetebrae
backbones
spinal column
bone tissues surrounding the spinal cavity
spinal cord
nervous tissue within the spinal cavity
disk (disc)
A pad of cartilage between the vertebrae
anterionr (ventral)
front side of the body
deep
away from the surface
distal
farm from the point of attachment to the truck or far from the beginning of a structure
frontal (coronal) plane
Vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions.
inferior (caudal)
below another structure
lateral
pertaining to the side
medial
pertaining to the middle or near the medial plane of the body
posterior (dorsal)
back side of the body
prone
Lying on the belly (face down, palm down)
proximal
Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of the structure
superficial
on the surface
superior (cephalic)
above another structure
supine
Lying on the back (face up, palm up)
traverse (cross-sectional or axial plane)
Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions.
sagittal (lateral) plane
Lengthwise, vertical plane dividin the body or structure into right and left sides. From the Latin 'sagitta', meaning arrow. As an arrow is shot from a bow it enters the body in the sagittal plan, dividing right from left. the midsaggital plane divides the body into right and left halves.