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104 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
adenoiditis
adenoid gland inflammation
atelectasis
collapsed lung, incomplete expansion of a portion of the lung
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma
cancerous tumor of the bronchus
epiglottis
inflammation of the epiglottis
hemothorax
blood in the pleural space (chest)
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
lobar pneumonia
disease state of the lung whereby one or more lobes of the lung are infected
nasopharyngitis
nose and pharynx inflammation
pansinusitis
inflammation of all sinuses
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
pleuritis
pleurisy, inflammation of the pleura
pneumonia
disease state of the lung usually caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi
pneumonitis
inflammation of the lung
pneumothorax
air in the pleural space which causes collapse of the lung
pulmonary neoplasm
new growth within the lung
pyothorax
pus in the chest (pleural space)
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose (mucous membranes)
rhinorrhagia or epistaxis
rapid flow of blood from the nose
thoracalgia
chest wall pain
tonsillitis
inflammation of the tonsils
tracheostenosis
narrowing of the trachea
acapnia
absence of carbon dioxide in the blood
aphonia
absence of voice
apnea
absence of breathing
bronchospasm
spasmodic contraction of the bronchi
dysphonia
difficulty speaking
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
endotracheal
pertaining to within the trachea
hypercapnia
condition of excess carbon dioxide
hyperapnea
excessive breathing
hypocapnia
deficiency of carbon dioxide in the blood
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
deficient oxygen to the tissues
laryngeal
pertaining to the larynx
bronchospasm
spasmodic contraction of the bronchi
dysphonia
difficulty speaking
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
endotracheal
pertaining to within the trachea
hypercapnia
condition of excess carbon dioxide
hyperapnea
excessive breathing
hypocapnia
deficiency of carbon dioxide in the blood
hypoxemia
deficiency of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
deficient oxygen to the tissues
laryngeal
pertaining to the larynx
laryngospasm
spasmodic contraction of the larynx
mucoid
resembling mucus
nasopharyngeal
pertaining to the nose and pharynx
orthopnea
difficulty breathing while lying supine
pulmonary
referring to the lungs
rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose
thoracic
referring to the chest
asphyxia
suffocation; deprivation of oxygen for tissue use
aspirate
to withdraw fluid or suction. Also to draw foreign material into the respiratory tract.
bronchodilator
agent causing the bronchi to widen
cough
noisy expulsion of air from the lungs
hiccup
sudden catching of breath due to spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm
hyperventilation
ventilation of the lungs beyond what the body needs
hypoventilation
ventilation of the lungs that does not meet the body's gas exchange needs
mucopurulent
containing both mucus and pus
mucus
slimy fluid secreted by the mucouse membranes
nosocomial infection
infection acquired during hospitalization
paroxysm
sudden attack
sputum
mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchus, and trachea expelled through the mouth
ventilator
mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing when breathing unassisted is impossible
adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
respiratory failure in an adult as a result of disease or injury
asthma
respiratory disease characterized by components of paroxysmal coughing, shortness of breath, and wheezing
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
disorders of the respiratory system characterized by obstruction of bronchial flow. Emyphysema, chronic bronchitis, bronchospasm, and/or bronchiolitis is generally present.
cor pulmonale
cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders such as emphysema
croup
condition caused by viral or bacterial infection, allergy, or foreign body causing bark-like cough, hoarseness, and/or stridor. Generally only affects children.
cystic fibrosis (CF)
condition of excess mucus production of the respiratory tract, pancreatic deficiency, and other symptoms caused by a hereditary disorder of the endocrine glands. Affects 30,000 people in the U.S., median survival age is 33 years.
deviated septum
malformation or injury causes one side of the nasal cavity to be smaller than the other
emphysema
progressive loss of lung function due to a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and the progressive destruction of their walls.
epistaxis
nosebleed
influenza
viral, highly infectious respiratory disease
obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)
absence of breathing while sleeping experienced because of repetitive pharyngeal collapse
pertussis (whooping cough)
respiratory disease characterized by an acute crow-like inspiration
pleural effusion
escape of fluid into the pleural space resulting in inflammation
pulmonary edema
accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues
pulmonary embolism
blocked circulation in the pulmonary artery caused by foreign matter such as air, blood clot, or fat clot
tuberculosis (TB)
acid-fast bacillus infectious disease spread by inhalation of small particles, considered the deadliest infectious disease known to man
upper respiratory infection (URI)
infection of the pharynx, larynx, or nasal cavity
respiratory rate
number of respirations per minute
pulmonary function tests (PFTs)
group of tests used to measure the capacity of the lungs to hold air and exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
phlegm (FLEM)
thick mucous secreted by the tissues lining the respiratory passages
bronchoscopy
visualization of the bronchus usuing a bronchoscope. May be used in tissue repair and removal of foreign bodies.
laryngoscopy
visualization of larynx using a laryngoscope. Used also to assist in tissue repair and foreign object removal.
spirometry
records the volume of air inhaled and exhaled and the length of time each breath takes.
tuberculin skin testing
screening test to detect tuberculosis. injected in forearm, read in 2-3 days, if positive then do x-ray or sputum testing.
chest x-ray (CXR)
an x-ray image of the chest used to evaluate the lungs and the heart
chest computed tomography
computerized images of the chest created in sections sliced from front to back. Used to diagnose tumors, abscesses, and pleural effusions.
pulse oximetry
noninvasive method of measuring the oxygen saturation of the blood
adenoidectomy
surgical excision of the adenoids
septoplasty
surgical reconstruction of the nasal septum
functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FSS)
surgical enlargement of the opening between the nose and sinus that is used to treat chronic sinusitis
laryngectomy
surgical removal of the larynx
laryngoplasty
surgical repair of the larynx
endotracheal intubation
passage of a tube through the nose or mouth to establish an airway
rhinoplasty
surgical repair of the nose
septoplasty
surgical repair of the nasal septum
tonsillectomy
excision of the tonsils
tracheoplasty
surgical repair of the trachea
tracheotomy
generally an emergency procedure in which an incision is made directly into the trachea
tracheostomy
creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck and the insertion of a tube to create an airway