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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
nas/o
nose
olfact/o
smell, taste
sinus/o
air-filled cavity within a bone that is lined wiht mucous membrane
laryng/o (larynx)
voice box - located bet. the pharynx and the trachea
epiglott/o (epiglottis)
prevents food from entering the trachea and lungs...located at base of tongue...lid-like structure
trache/o (trachea)
windpipe- airway to lungs
bronch/i, bronchi/o, broncho/o
2 branches of the trachea, one branch goes to each lung
bronchiol/o
smallest branches of bronchi
alveol/o
air sacs, grape-like structures found at the end of each bronchiole
lob/o
lobe of lungs
pleural cavity
air tight area bet. the layers of the pleural membranes containing a thin layer of fluid, fluid allows membranes to slide easily during breathing
phren/o
diaphragm...muscle that makes breathing possible
plumon/o
lung
COPD
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - irreversible respiratory conditions, characterized by chronic airflow limitations
epistaxis
nosebleed- usually caused by an injury, excessive use of blood thinners, or bleeding disorders
pertussis
whooping cough, bacterial infection
pharyng/o (pharynx)
throat
aphonia
loss of the ability of the larynx to produce normal speech sounds
dysphonia
any change in vocal quality including hoarseness, weakness, or cracking during puberty
-thorax
chest
pleural effusion
abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space, produces a feeling of breathlessness b/c it prevents the lung from fully expanding
-ptysis
splitting
pulmonary edema
accumulation of fluid in lung tissues
pneum/o, pneumon/o
lungs
atel/o
incomplete
aspiration
inhaling or drawing a foreign substance into the upper respiratory tract...withdrawal by suction of fluids or gasses from a body cavity
pneumoconiosis
abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs that usually develops after years of enviornmental or occupational contact
-pnea
breathing
tachypnea
an abnormally rapid rate of respiration - usually more than 20 breaths per minute
apnea
absense of spontaneous respiration
dyspnea
shortness of breath- difficult or labored breathing
ox/i, ox/o, ox/y
oxygen
asphyxiation
suffocation- any interruption of breathing resulting in asphyxia...caused by airway obstruction, drowning, smothering, choking, or inhaling gasses
cyanosis
bluish discoloration of the skin caused by lack of adequate oxygen
spir/o
to breathe
-metry
to measure
PFT
Pulmonary Function Tests - used to measure the capacity of hte lungs to hold air, move air in and out, and to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide
laryngoscopy
visual examination of the larynx using a laryngascope inserted through the mouth and palced into the pharynx to examine the larynx
sept/o
septum
endotracheal intubation
the passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish or maintain an open airway
-ostomy
surgically creating an opening
thoracentesis
the surgical puncture of the chest wall with a needle to obtain fluid from the pleural cavity