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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
DNA replication
process in which DNA in the chromosome is copied
codon
group of 3 nitrogenous bases in mRNA that code for 1 amino acid
messenger RNA
RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the cell's cytoplasm
ribosomal RNA
RNA that makes up the ribosomes; binds to mRNA and uses its information to assemble the amino acids in the right order
transcription
process in the cell nucleus where a copy of RNA is made from part of a DNA strand
transfer RNA
RNA that delivers amino acids to the ribosomes to be assembled into proteins
translation
process of changing the information in mRNA into an amino acid chain that makes up a protein
mutation
anu change in a DNA sequence
phenotype
the way an organism looks and behaves
genotype
the genetic makeup of an organism