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20 Cards in this Set

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Image
an image is a picture, printed in language but imagined in the mind
Imagery
sensory or pictorial language that is used to enrich meaning. it appeals to the senses. it may be usedd symbolically. Imagery can be conveyed by simile, metaphor, or personification
Malapropism
the erroneous substitution for the correct word of a word similar in the sound but very different in meaning ex. progeny for prodigy
Mataphore
an implied comparison of two different objects, ideas or actions
Meter
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in metered forms of poetry
Metonymy
a figure of speech in which one thing is represented by another that is commonly and often physically associated with it. ex. referring to a monarch as "the crown"
Motif
a word, phrase, idea, image, action, character that is repeated throughout part or all of a work for emphasis and unity
Paradox
a seemingly contradictory statement that may nonetheless be true
Parallelism
emphasizing ideas or images by using grammatically similar constructions ex. it was the best of times, it was the worst of times (Dickens)
Personification
A figure of speech in which an aspect of nature, an inanimate object, or an abstract idea is treated as if it possessed human qualities
Poem
a literary form that emphasizes rhythm and figurative language; poems do not have to rhyme
Rhetoric
the art of persuasion through speaking and writing
Romanticism
a literary movement popular during the 19th century. Imagination, intuition emotions, and the individual are the focus. Man is inherently good
Satire
a literary genre that uses irony , wit and sometimes sarcasm to expose humanity's vices foibles. ex. A Modest Proposal
Simile
a figure of speech that is a direct comparison of two different objects, ideas, or actions. Simile uses like or as.
Symbol
a representation of something; a word or phrase that functions on two levels. One the surface it literally expresses a concrete image. Below the surface it represents an abstract idea, emotion, or thing
Synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part of soemthing is used to represent the whole or, occasionally, the whole is used to represent a part. ex. the use of sail to refer to a boat
Syntax
the arrangement of words within a sentence
Theme
the fmain idea, expressed or implied in a work of literature
Tone
The specific atmosphere or mooed of a work. It is determined by the writer's attitude toward the subject and created by literary techniques such as setting and language.