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31 Cards in this Set

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Supreme Court
highest court in the United States
Virginia Plan
* proposed by Edmund Randolph and James Madison

* strong national government

* three branches of government

* two house legislature

* seats in both houses would be based on population
problems of Articles of Confederation
* created a weak national government

* made the states too strong

* did not provide for a president

* no system of courts

* It was up to the states to enforce the laws passed by Congress
veto
President rejects a bill
Northwest Ordinance
* set up a basic govt. in Northwest Territory

* guaranteed basic rights to settlers

* outlawed slavery in Territory

* best acheivement under the Articles of Confed.

* provided a way to admit new states to union
Shay's Rebellion
* revolt by Mass. farmers about taxes

* showed that the Articles of Confederation were weak and needed revision
Roger Sherman
worked out the Great Compromise which both small and large states agreed to
republic
government in which citizens rule themselves through elected representatives
Land Ordinance of 1785
* created a system for surveying and settling the Northwest Territory

* one section in every township was set aside to support public education
veto
reject a proposed law (bill)
amend
add to the Constitution
checks and Balances of 3 branches
Examples)

The President can veto a bill.
Congress can override a veto.
The Supreme Court can decide if a law is Constitutional.

There are more than just these three examples.
override
overrule the President's veto
federalism
division of power between the states and the national government
John Locke (his ideas)
* all people have natural rights to life, liberty and property

* government is an agreement between the ruler and the ruled
due process
The government must follow the same fair rules in all cases brought to trial.
Alexander Hamilton
one of the writers of the Federalist papers
judicial branch
the system of courts that decides if laws are carried out fairly and are Constitutional
Federalists
did NOT want the Constitution to include a bill of rights
Anti-Federalists
wanted the Constitution to INCLUDE a bill of rights
executive branch
* under Article II of the Constitution

* includes the President and Vice President

* carries out the laws
Bill of Rights
* the first ten amendments of the Constitution

* rights that the government promises to protect
Great Compromise
* by Roger Sherman

* two house legislature

* lower house - House of Representatives (elected by popular vote and based on state's population)

* upper house - Senate - (appointed by governor, each state gets two Senators)

[Senators are no longer appointed by the governor]
1st Amendment
Freedom of:
religion
press
assembly
petition
speech
impeach
to bring charges against an offical (the President)
bill
a proposed law
legislative branch
* created under Article I of the Constitution

* passes / makes laws
what the Articles of Confederation could/did do
* Congress could declare war, coin money, and be involved in foreign affairs

* Congress created laws about settling the west under the Articles
3/5ths Compromise
Slaves would count as 3/5ths of the population of a state when determining the number of votes each state gets.
New Jersey Plan
* proposed by William Patterson

* favored smaller states

* three branches of government

* one house legislature

* every state would have only one vote in the legislature
William Patterson
created the New Jersey Plan