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21 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Flexion
movement that decreases the angle of a joint, usually in a sagittal plane (bending elbow or knee; bend neck to look at floor)
Extension
movement that straightens a joint and generally returns a body part to anatomical position (straightening elbow)
Hyperextension
extension of a joint beyond 180 degrees (neck looking at ceiling)
Abduction
movement of a body part away from midsagittal line (raising arm to one side of body)
Adduction
movement toward the midsagittal line or median axis of the middle digit (return body to anatomical position)
Elevation
movement that raises a bone vertically (clavicles when shrug)
Depression
lower a body part (lower shoulders)
Protraction
movement of a bone anteriorly (foward) on a horizontal plane (hunching shoulders foward)
Retraction
movement posteriorly (move jaw back)
Lateral Excursion
sideways movement to the right or left (chewing)
Medial Excursion
movement back to midline (chewing)
Circumduction
movement in which one end of an appendage remains relatively stationary while the other end makes a circular motion (artist draws a circle on canvas while shoulder remains still)
Rotation
movement in which a bone turns on its longitudinal axis (femur)
-lateral
-medial
Supination
in forearm where it rotates so that the palm faces forward or upward (also, foot)
Pronation
rotation of forearm so that palm faces toward the rear or downward (also, foot)
Opposition
movement of thumb to approach or touch fingertips
Reposition
movement back to anatomical position; thumb parallel to index finger
Dorsiflexion
movement in which toes are raised
Plantar Flexion
extension of foot so that the toes point downward
Inversion
movement in which soles of feet are turned medially
Eversion
turning of the soles to face laterally