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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dawes Act
1887 law which divided Indian lands among families and granted US citizenship to those who gave up tribal ties and acted more “American"
Chief Joseph
Leader of the Nez Perce tribe who resisted the government’s attempts to relocate his tribe to a reservation
Granger Movement
Western farmers who worked together to improve their lives and control railroad prices
Homestead Act
1862 act which gave 160 acres to any settler who farmed the land for 5 years
Indian Treaties
Agreements between tribes and the U.S. gov’t that were usually ignored when gold was found!
Little Big Horn
Site of the 1876 battle between Sioux & Cheyenne warriors and the U.S. army led by General George Custer
Reservations
Land where Native Americans were forced to live by the government
Transcontinental RR
The first railroad which connected the East Coast with the West Coast
Manifest Destiny
1800's belief that Americans had the right to spread across the continent
Sodbusters
Term for the farmers living on the Great Plains in the 1800s
Cattle Drives
Moving cattle to railroad lines
(West to East)
Wounded Knee
300 Native Americans (Sioux/Lakota) were killed by the army here after fleeing the reservations as a result of Sitting Bull's death
CULTURE
Entire way of life developed by a people
Plains Indians
They were hunters rather than farmers. They used all parts of the Buffalo; tepees, clothes, food, tools
Steel Plow
A plow that could cut through prairie soil
Ghost Dance
Dance done by the Sioux. It made the Americans so nervous that the army showed up and ended up killing more than 300 Sioux–including Sitting Bull.
Assimilate
To become more American - to adopt American culture
Problems farmers faced
climate, swarms of grasshoppers, drought, grassfires, snow/rain/wind storms
Positive effects of Railroads
-Increased population
-linked east and west
-transport materials faster and cheaper
Negative effects of Railroads
-helped destroy Plains Indian culture (the buffalo)
-created Pollution