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26 Cards in this Set

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What are the lower case Greek letters in order?
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω
What are the seven common diphthongs?
αι ει οι υι αυ ευ ου
What are the short and long forms of the English "a" sound?
α α
What are the short and long forms of the Englis "e" sound?
ε η
What are the short and long forms of the English "i" sound?
ι ι
What are the short and long forms of the English "o" sound?
ο ω
What are the short and long forms of the English "u" sound?
υ υ
What is the rough breathing mark? (with alpha)
What is the smooth breathing mark? (with alpha)
What is the acute accent mark? (with alpha)
What is the circumflex accent? (with alpha)
What is the grave accent? (with alpha)
When iota is written below another letter and it does not affect the pronunciation of that letter (such as ᾳ, ῃ, ῳ) it is called what?
iota subscript
What is the name of the diacritical mark that indicates two adjacent vowels are pronounced separately?
diaeresis
What are the two forms of sigma and when are they used?
"ς" is used at the end of a sentence and "σ" is used everywhere else.
When a word begins with __ or __ the breathing mark is always rough.
υ ρ
A breathing mark is always present when a word begins with which letters?
a vowel or rho
When is the diaeresis used?
It is used over the second of two vowels in a pair that normally form a diphthong when they should be pronounced separately.
What is a gamma nasal and how is it pronounced?
the letter gamma (γ) followed by gamma (γ), kappa (κ), xsi (ξ), or chi (χ) -- the gamma is pronounced as an English "n" (γγ becomes "ng", γκ becomes "nk", γξ becomes "nks", and γχ becomes "nch")
What are the improper diphthongs?
ᾳ ῃ ῳ
What is elision?
Certain words that end in a vowel substitute an apostrophe for the final vowel when followed by a word that begins with a vowel.
What are the uppercase letters?
Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω
What is the Greek semicolon? (with alpha)
α·
What is the Greek comma? (with alpha)
α,
What is the Greek period? (with alpha)
α.
What is the Greek question mark? (with alpha)
α;