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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Motivation
Psychological process that directs and maintains behavior towards a goal
Motives
Needs or desires that energize behavior
Social Motives
Learned motives acquired as part of growing up in a particular society
Emotion
Psychological feeling that involves a mixture of physiological arousal, conscious experience, etc
Instincts
Complex, inherited behavior patterns characteristic of a species
Imprinting
Forming an attachment to the first thing you see after birth (Geese)
Drive Reduction Theory
Behavior is motivated by personal needs
Drive
State of psychological tension induced by a need
Homeostasis
Body’s tendency to maintain an internal steady state of metabolism
Metabolism
Sum of all chemical processes that occur in our bodies
Incentive
A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivated behavior
Arousal
Level of alertness/wakefulness/activation caused by activity in the central nervous system
Yerkes-Dodson Law
We usually perform most activities best when moderately aroused
Actualization
Achievement of all of our potentials
Set Point
Preset natural body weight
Anorexia Nervosa
Eating disorder; Fear of being fat, unrealistic body image, starvation
Bulimia Nervosa
Characterized by eating a lot, then purging or using laxatives
Sexual Response cycle
Sexual arousal
Plateau
Orgasm
Refractory Period
Achievement Motive
Desire to meet some internalized standard of excellence
Thematic Apperception Test
TAT; Used to measure achievement motivation
Affiliation Motive
Need to be with others
Intrinsic Motivation
Desire to perform an activity for own sake
Extrinsic Motivation
Desire to perform an activity to obtain a reward
Overjustification Effect
Intrinsic motivation diminishes
Approach-Approach Conflicts
Situations involving 2 positive options, only can choose one
Avoidance-Avoidance Conflict
Situations involving 2 negative options to choose from
Approach-Avoidance Conflict
Situations involving whether or not to choose an option that has both a positive and negative consequence
Multiple Approach-Avoidance Conflict
Involves several alternative courses of action that have both positive and negative aspects
Emotion
Conscious feeling of pleasantness or unpleasantness accompanied by biological activation
Janes-Lange Theory
External stimuli activate our autonomic nervous system to produce specific patterns of physiological changes for different emotions
Cannon-Bard Theory
Theorized that the thalamus simultaneously sends info to both the limbic system and the frontal lobes about an event
Opponent-Process Theory
When we experience the first emotion of an event on repeated times, the opposing emotion becomes stronger
Schachter-Single 2-Facter Theory
Theory that we infer emotion from arousal, then label it according to our cognitive explanation
Cognitive Appraisal Theory
Theory that emotional experience depends on our interpretation of the situation we are in
Stress
Process by which we notice and respond to environmental threats
General Adaptation Syndrome
3-Stage theory of alarm, resistance and exhaustion
Catastrophes
Stressors that are unpredictable, large scale disasters which threaten us
Type A Personalities
High achievers, competitive, impatient, multi-taskers, efficient
Type B Personalities
Relaxed, calm;