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64 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The most common cause of decreased vision in the US is _______, causing clouding of the lens due to the natural aging process.
Cataracts
The most common eye tumor of infants and young adults.
Retinoblastoma - deletion of Rb gene
Most common B9 tumor of infancy + B9 liver tumor
Hemangioma
Most common site of development for pulmonary embolism
Lower Leg
Most common type of necrosis
Coagulative Necrosis
Most common clinically diagnosed congenital heart disease
Ventricular Septal Defect
Most common cause of cardiac cyanosis in newborns
Tetralogy of Fallot
Most common site for arteriosclerotic aneurysm
Abdominal Aorta
Most common complication and cause of death from myocardial infarction
Arrythmia
Most common cardiomyopathy
Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Most common primary cardiac tumor
Atrial Myxoma
Most common autosomal numeric abnormality
Downs Syndrome
Most common osteogenesis imperfecta
Osteogenesis Imperfecta Type 1
Most common cause of death in newborns
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Most common hiatal hernia
Sliding Hernia
Most common worldwide esophageal cancer
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Most common U.S. esophageal cancer
Adenocarcinoma
Most common cause of chronic gastritis
Helicobacter Pylori
Most common site of ischemic bowel disease
Splenic Flexure and rectosigmoid jct
Most common site of origination for carcinoid tumors
Appendicitis
Most common cause of childhood liver cirrhosis
Alpha-1-Antitrypsin
Most common liver malignancy
Metastatic Cancer
Most common primary liver cancer
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Most common Far East primary liver cancer
Cholangiocarcinoma
Most common complication of chronic bronchitis
Bronchiectasis
Most common preventable cause of deaths in a hospital
Pulmonary Embolism
Most common cancer related deaths
Lung Cancer
Most common disorder of the female breast
Fibrocystic Changes
Most common B9 breast tumor
Fibroadenoma
Most common cancer in women
Breast Cancer
Most common primary breast cancer
Ductal Carcinoma of the Breast
Most common location of breast cancer
Upper, Outer, Quadrant
Most common cause of immune nephrotic syndrome in adults
Membranous Nephropathy
Most common nephrotic syndrome in children
Lipoid Nephrosis
Most common adult glomerulonephritis
Bergers Nephropathy
Most common sudden onset renal failure
Acute Tubular Necrosis
Most common tumor of urinary tract
Transitional Cell Carcinoma
Most common primary kidney cancer
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Most common childhood renal tumor
Wilms Tumor
Most common presenting symptom of transitional cell carcinoma
Hematuria
Most common iron deficiency
Anemia
Most common increased blood loss
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Most common inherited RBC disease in whites
Hereditary Spherocytosis
Most common cause of death in leukemias
Infection
Most common childhood leukemia and malignant tumor in children
ALL
Most common leukemias
ALL, CLL, AML, CML
Most common leukemia overall and leukemia in adults
AML
Most common non-hodgkins lymphoma
Follicular Lymphoma
Most common cause of death associated with hemophilia A
HIV
Most common primary bone malignancy
Osteosarcoma
Most common second most common after osteosarcoma in children
Ewings Sarcoma
Most common more common than osteosarcomas in adults
Metastasis to Bone
Most common metastasis to bone
Breast/ Prostate
Most common infectious arthritis
Lyme Disease
Most common hyperpituitarism in anterior lobe
Adenoma
Most common hyperfunctioning pituitary adenoma
Prolactinoma
Most common hypopituitarism
Nonsecretory Adenoma
Most common ADH oversecretion
ADH Producing Tumor
most sensitive indicator of hypothyroidism
TSH
Most common primary hyperthyroidism
Graves Disease
Most common hypothyroid in U.S.
Hashimoto's Thyroiditis
Most common primary hyperparathyroidism
Parathyroid Adenoma or Hyperplasia
Most common secondary hyperparathyroidism
Renal Failure
Most common cause Cushing syndrome
Exogenous Corticosteroid Medications