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151 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bacteremia/pneumonia in IVDA
Staph aureus
Bacteria a/w cancer
H. pylori
Bacteria found in GI tract
Bacteroides
2nd most common is E. coli
Brain tumor in adults
Met's> astrocytoma(including glioblastoma multiforme)> meningioma> schwannoma
Brain tumor in kids
Medulloblastoma(cerebellum)
Supratentorial Brain tumor in kids
Craniopharyngioma
Breast Cancer
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma
Breast Mass
Fibrocystic change
Breast Mass in postmenopausal women
Carcinoma
Benign breast tumor
Fibroadenoma
Agent in debilitated, hospitalized pneumonia patient
Klebsiella
Primary cardiac tumor in adults
Myxoma
Primary cardiac tumor in kids
Rhabdomyoma
Cardiac tumor
Metastasizes
Cardiomyopathy
Dilated cardiomyopathy
Chromosomal disorder
Down syndrome
Chronic arrhythmia
Atrial fibrillation
Congenital cardiac anomaly
VSD
Cause of constrictive pericarditis
Tuberculosis
Coronary artery involved in thrombosis
LAD>RCA>LCA
Early cyanosis
Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of great vessels, truncus arteriosus
Late cyanosis
VSD, ASD, PDA
Demyelinating disease
Multiple sclerosis
Dietary deficit
Iron
Epiglottitis
H. influenzae type B
Esophageal cancer
Squamous cell carcinoma
Gene involved in cancer
p53 tumor suppressor gene
Group affected by cystic fibrosis
Caucasians
Gynecologic malignancy
Endometrial carcinoma
Heart murmur
Mitral valve prolapse
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis
Mitral
Heart valve in bacterial endocarditis in IVDA
Tricuspid
Heart valve in rheumatic fever
Mitral valve
aortic valve is 2nd
Helminth infection
Enterobius vermicularis
Ascaris lumbricoides is 2nd
Hereditary bleeding disorder
von Willebrand's
Kidney stone
Calcium-radiopaque
2nd-ammonium-radiopaque
Liver disease
Alcoholic liver disease
Location of brain tumor in adults
Supratentorial
Location of brain tumor in kids
Infratentorial
Lysosomal storage disease
Gaucher's disease
Male cancer
Prostatic carcinoma
Malignancy a/w noninfectious fever
Hodgkin's disease
Malignant skin tumor
Basal cell carcinoma(rarely metastasizes)
Metastasis to bone
Breast, Lung, thyroid, testes, prostate, kidney
Metastasis to brain
Lung, breast, skin(melanoma), kidney(renal cell carcinoma), GI
Metastasis to liver
Colon, gastric, pancreatic, breast, lung carcinomas
Motor neuron disease
ALS
Neoplasm in kids
ALL
2nd-cerebellar medulloblstoma
Nephrotic syndrome
Membranous GN
Obstruction of male urinary tract
BPH
Opportunistic infection in AIDS
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia
Organ recieving metastasis
Adrenal glands(due to rich blood supply)
Organ sending metastasis
Lung>breast, stomach
Benign ovarian tumor
Serous cystadenoma
Malignant ovarian tumor
Serous cystadenocarcinoma
Pancreatic tumor
Adenocarcinoma in the head of the pancreas
Patient w/ ALL
Child
Patient w/ CLL
Adult>60
Patient w/ AML
Adult>60
Patient w/ CML
Adult- 35-50
Patient w/ Hodgkins
Young male
except nodular sclerosis type-female
Patient w/ minimal change disease
Young child
Patient w/ Reiter's
Male
Pituitary tumor
Prolactinoma
2nd-somatotropic "acidophilic" adenoma
Preventable cancer
Lung cancer
Primary bone tumor in adults
Multiple Myeloma
Primary hyperparathyroidism
Adenomas
Primary liver tumor
Hepatoma
Renal tumor
Renal cell carcinoma
Secondary hyperparathyroidism
Hypocalcemia of chronic renal failure
Sexually transmitted disease
Chlamydia
Site of diverticula
Sigmoid colon
Site of metastasis
Regional lymph nodes
2nd most common site of metastasis
Liver
Site of atherosclerosis
Abdominal aorta> coronary> popliteal> carotid
Skin cancer
Basal cell carcinoma
Stomach cancer
Adenocarcinoma
Testicular tumor
Seminoma
Thyroid cancer
Papillary carcinoma
Tracheoesophageal fistula
Lower esophagus joins trachea/upper esophagus-blind pouch
Tumor in men
Prostate carcinoma
Tumor in women
Leiomyoma(estrogen dependent)
Tumor of infancy
Hemangioma
Tumor of the adrenal medulla in adults
Pheochromocytoma- benign
Tumor of the adrenal medulla in kids
Neuroblastoma- malignant
Type of Hodgkin's
Nodular sclerosis
Type of non-Hodgkins
Follicular, small cleaved
Type of pituitary adenoma
Prolactinoma
Vasculitis
Temporal arteritis
Viral encephalitis
HSV
Vitamin deficiency in the US
Folic acid
Cause of Addison's
Autoimmune
2nd-infection
Cause of Dissecting aneurysm
Hypertension
Cause of Aortic aneurysm
Atherosclerosis
Cause of Aortic aneurysm in the ascending aorta
Tertiary syphilis
Cause of Bacterial meningitis in adults
Neisseria meningitidis
Cause of Bacterial meningitis in elderly
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Cause of Bacterial meningitis in kids
H. influenza type B
Cause of Bacterial meningitis in newborns
E. coli
Cause of Cancer a/w AIDS
Kaposi's sarcoma
Cause of Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
21-Hydroxylase deficiency
Cause of Cretinism
Iodine deficit/hypthyroidism
Cause of Cushing's Syndrome
Corticosteroid therapy
2nd-excess ACTH secretion by pituitary
Cause of Death in CML
Blast crisis
Cause of Death in SLE
Lupus nephropathy
Cause of Dementia
Alzheimer's
2nd- multi-infarct
Cause of DIC
Gram(-) sepsis, obstetric complications, cancer, burn trauma
Cause of Ejection click
Aortic/pulmonic stenosis
Cause of Food poisoning
Staph aureus
Cause of Glomerulonephritis in adults
IgA nephropathy (Berger's disease)
Cause of Epidural hematoma
Rupture of middle meningeal artery
Cause of Subdural hematoma
Rupture of bridging veins
Cause of Hemochromatosis
Multiple blood transfusions
Cause of Hepatic cirrhosis
EtOH
Cause of Hepatocellular carcinoma
Cirrhotic liver
Cause of Holosystolic murmur
VSD, tricuspid regurgitation, mitral regurgitation
Cause of Secondary hypertension
Renal disease
Cause of Hypoparathyroidism
Thyroidectomy
Cause of Hypopituitarism
Adenoma
Cause of Infection in blood transfusion
Hepatitis C
Cause of Infection in burn victims
Pseudomonas
Cause of Leukemia in adults
AML
Cause of "machine-like" murmur
PDA
Cause of Mental retardation
Down syndrome
2nd-fragile X
Cause of MI
Atherosclerosis
Cause of Mitral valve stenosis
Rheumatic heart disease
Cause of Myocarditis
Coxsackie B
Cause of Nephrotic syndrome in adults
Membranous GN
Cause of Nephrotic syndrome in kids
Minimal change disease
Cause of Opening snap
Mitral stenosis
Cause of Osteomyelitis
Staph aureus
Cause of Osteomyelitis in patients w/ sickle cell disease
Salmonella
Cause of Osteomyelitis in IVDA
Pseudomonas
Cause of Acute pancreatitis
EtOH & gallstones
Cause of Chronic pancreatitis
EtOH(adults), cystic fibrosis(kids)
Cause of Peau d'orange
Carcinoma of the breast
Cause of PID
Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Cause of Hospital-acquired pneumonia
Klebsiella
Cause of Pneumonia in cystic fibrosis
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Cause of Pneumonia in burn infection
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Cause of Preventable blindness
Chlamydia
Cause of Primary amenorrhea
Turner's syndrome
Cause of Primary hyperaldosteronism
Adenoma of adrenal cortex
Cause of Primary hyperparathyroidism
Adenoma
Cause of Pulmonary hypertension
COPD
Cause of Right heart failure due to a pulmonary cause
cor pulmonale
Cause of Right-sided heart failure
Left-sided heart failure
Cause of Sheehan's syndrome
Postpartum pituitary infarction secondary to hemorrhage
Cause of SIADH
Small cell carcinoma of the lung
Cause of UTI
E. coli
Cause of UTI in young women
E. coli & Staph saprophyticus