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41 Cards in this Set

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6 institutions (economy, religion, family, language, education, and government)
economy- the way man uses his resources to fit his material needs
religion- the need for shared beliefs
Family- the need to care and raise for children, social ranking
language- need for communication
education- need for knowledge and learning
government- need for law and order
comparison between paleolithic and neolithic: economy
paleolithic- food gatherers, nomadic, learned to make clothing and fire
neolithic- domesticated crops, population rose
comparison: religion
paleolithic- lived in tribes and didn't worry about beliefs
neolithic- many deities and spirits
comparison: government
paleolithic- strongest man and best hunter is leader
neolithic- smartest person was the leader
comparison family:
paleolithic- lived in tribes of 40-60 people
neolithic- settled in homes
comparison: language
paleolithic- communicate- passed culture
neolithic- everyone spoke and understood each other
comparison: education
paleolithic- learned how to hunt
neolithic- learned from experience and time
ethnocentrism
when one culture looks at another culture using their standards
what occured during the neolithic time period
agricultural revolution
why was bronze used by early people
easier to cast and very useful
sundiata kieta
first king- made the country very prosperous
mansa musa
greatest king, kept all the prospering and expanded Mali
jula/griot/djeleba
storyteller
takshif
desert scout
tribute
gifts
Tasarahala
the only watering hole between timbuktu and taghala
Ghana
very rich trading civilization, Almoravids came and attacked so they split into small islamic communities
taghala
city known for salt
farin
overlord
bactrian camel
2 humps, 25 mile, goods
dromedary
100 miles, arabian, 1 hump, riding
jiyza
tax on non muslims
where was islam founded
arabian peninsula
ka'aba
black cube shaped building wehre people went and worshipped....in Mecca
who ordered the quran to be compiled
abu bakr
shari' ah
book of laws
faith
submit completely to the oneness of God
prayer
pray 5 times a day, sunrise, noon, afternoon, sunset, evening
alms
giving charity
fasting
during the month of ramadan from sunrise to sunset you had to fast
pilgrimage
every able bodied muslim had to take a pilgrimage to mecca to visit the quran
who was mu'awiyah
he was ali's enemy, stabbed him and took over
shiite
thought that the leader should be a descendant of Muhammad
Sunnis
any accepted muslim could be caliph
umayyad
damascus- united the lannds they rules. founded by Mu'awiyah
abbasid
baghdad- leader was one of muhammads relatives
mathematics
place value system, algebra, trigonometry
astronomy and geogrpahy
sky observations, describe eclipses, astrolabe
zhong guo
middle kingdom- what China called their homeland
Son of heaven
under the mandate of heaven...this is wat they called their king
4 noble truths
life is full of pain and suffering, suffering is caused by craving and desiring, to stop suffering you have to stop cravnig and desiring, to do this you have tto follow the 8 fold path