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87 Cards in this Set

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What is the difference between a fact and an opinion?
A fact can be proved and an opinion cannot be proved and is what one person thinks of something.
Ethnocentrism
Judging someone by your standards (arranged marraiges)
Bubonic
Swelling of the lymphnoids, armpits,and groin
Pneumonic and Septicemic
Affecting the lungs and bacteria goes directly into blood stream
The plague route
China, Astrakhan, Don River, Sarai, Volga, Kaffa, Black Sea, Constantinaple, Mediterranian, Crete, Mediterranian, Sicily Messina, Mediterranian, Sardegina, Genoa, Kaffa
Xenopsylla Cheopis
Oriental rat flea (Cause of bubonic plague)
Flagellants
Men who thought that the plague was apunishment from god for sins that men had done. They did public penance and ceremonies that contained whipping themselves with hard knotted leather with little iron spikes and continue untill blood flowed.
"Dance of Death"
The dance of death is when anyone and everyone dances with death. Popes, Emperors, Nuns, Cooks, peaants, mothers, children, and even babies are made to dance with death.
RENAISSANCE:
What years?
1350-1650
Characteristics of renaissance art
psychological, religious, and political forces
also naturalism, organization of space
Where did the renaissance begin?
Florence -> Rome -> Venice
Patron
supporter of the arts, finacial aid
Johannes Gutenberg
Inventor of the printing press
Lorenzo Medici
Italian statesman Member of the great ruling family of Florence
Michelangelo
Italian sculptor, architect, painter and poet but mainly a sculptor. Painted the ceiling Sistine chapel
Peter Bruegel
Artist who combined Italian technique with the artistic traditions of his homeland. Painted mostly landscapes and peasants
Rembrandt
HELP!!
Jan van Eyck
HELP!!
William Shakespeare
An english renaissance playwright dealt with such universal human qualities as jealousy, ambition, love, and despair
El Greco
Representation of late renaissance spanish art
Machiavelli
HELP!!
Savonarola
A frier that took over the medici power.
Petrarch
Italian humanist writer who introduced sonnets as a literary form
Humanism
Subject matter that focuses on human beings and live now and not the after life.
Secularism
Non-religious subject matter
Perspective
Giving depth to a painting
Chiaroscuro
Use of light and dark...in a dark painting there will be a light fiqure or the opposite
Sfumato
Smokey, or brown, over a painting (Leonardo di Vinci)
Realism
Making something look real
Fresco
Painting on wet plaster
Piazza
Village square
Palazzo
a palace
Doge
Title of a ruler of venice
Christian Humanism (Erasmus- IN PRAISE OF FOLLY)
Northern European scholars who wanted to reform Catholicism and restore the simple piety of the early Church
Signori
Title of noble familys of Italy
Copernicus
15 century scientist
(geocentric v. heliocentric theories)
Galileo
Astrologist
Burgess, Burgher, Bourgeoisie
Middle class people
Romanesque
Roman like
Baroque
gaurdy, exaggerate, gold, swirls
Dante Alighieri- PARADISE/ PURGATORY/INFERNO
Considered Italy's greatest poet
Benvenuto Cellini
A celebrated sculptor, goldsmith, author and soldier, but also a hooligan and even avenging killer.
Sir Thomas More
English humanist who write Utopia, a book that protrayed an ideal society in which all citizens are equal and prosperous
REFORMATION:
A period of religious change
What was the reformation and what changes resulted?
HELP!!
Martin Luther
Professor and priest who did not belief in everything that the church did and was the inspiration to the Lutheran religion
Justification by faith
People could be made just , or good by simply having faith in god - not by doing the 7 sacraments
Vocation
A regular occupation, especially one for which a person is particularly suited or qualified.
Role of clergy and Bible in Protestantism
HELP!!!
John Calvin
wrote Institutes of Christian Religion, inspiration of Calvinism
Predestination
God determines each person's fate - or whether they go to heaven
Geneva
"City of Saints" a government without a king
Consistory
Council of 12 members that controlled all aspects of daily life a.k.a. spies
John Knox and Presbyterianism to Scotland
Supporter of Calvin, scottish took religion to scotland which was there called presbyterianism
Vernacular
The language of the people
Martin Luther
Professor and priest who did not belief in everything that the church did and was the inspiration to the Lutheran religion
Justification by faith
People could be made just , or good by simply having faith in god - not by doing the 7 sacraments
Vocation
A regular occupation, especially one for which a person is particularly suited or qualified.
Role of clergy and Bible in Protestantism
HELP!!!
John Calvin
wrote Institutes of Christian Religion, inspiration of Calvinism
Elizabeth I
HELP!!!
Anne Boelyn
HELP!!!
Edward VI
Son of Henry VII and Jane Seymour Lived to 12 years old and ruled by protestant council
Katherine of Aragon
divorced, mother of mary
Mary Queen of England ("Bloody Mary")
Restore catholicism
Puritans
A member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries advocated strict religious discipline along with simplification of the ceremonies and creeds of the Church of England.
Pilgrims
english separatists
Inquisition
church court to find heretics
COUNTER REFORMATION:
Council of Trent
called by pope paul III to define offical doctrine
Latin Vulgate
only acceptiable verisons of the bible
Seminary
Where all priests had to be trained in
Convent
Home of nuns
Jesuits
One group of Catholics that acted as missionaries in Europe
Ignatius Loyola
founder of missionaries
Changes in religion in Europe after the Reformation
HELP!!
Babylonian Captivity
popes moved to france because of french kings
Great Schism
2 popes, 1 in avignon and 1 in Rome
John Tetzel/Pope Leo X
Sold indulgences to raise money to rebuild St. Peter's Basilica
Indulgences
Payments for certificate that cancelled or reduced punishment for sins -> admission to Heaven
Simony
Paying for a position in the church
Nepotism
Gave positions to relatives/close friends
Excommunication
Banned from a church and not being able to belong there anymore
Diet of Worms
German princes asked Luther to take back his statements and when he refrused he was condemned as a heretic
Peace of Augsburg
HELP!!!
Edict of Nantes
lets Huguenots practice religion
Huguenots
french calvinists
EXPLORATION:

Time in years
(1400-1750)